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Baxter Warren Earp

Also Known As: "Warren"
Birthplace: Pella, Marion, IA, United States
Death: July 06, 1900 (45)
Willcox, Cochise, AZ, United States
Place of Burial: Willcox, Cochise, AZ, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicholas Porter Earp and Virginia Ann Earp
Brother of James Earp, Deputy Marshal Dodge City; Virgil Earp, Deputy U.S. Marshal, Marshal of Tombstone; Martha Elizabeth Earp; Wyatt Earp; Morgan Seth Earp, Deputy U.S. Marshal and 4 others
Half brother of Nathan T. Earp; Sgt. Newton Jasper Earp, USA and Mary (Mariah) Ann Earp

Managed by: Private User
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About Warren Earp

Baxter Warren Earp (March 9, 1855–July 6, 1900) was the youngest brother of Wyatt, Morgan, Virgil, James, and Newton Earp. He was not present during the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. After Virgil was maimed in an ambush, he joined Wyatt and was in town when Morgan was assassinated. He helped Wyatt in the hunt for the outlaw Cowboys they believed responsible. He developed a reputation afterward as a bully and was killed in an argument in 1900.

Early life

Warren was born in Pella, Iowa. Little is known about his early life. Like Wyatt and Morgan, he was too young to take part in the American Civil War, as his older brothers James, Virgil, and Newton did. He was 18 years younger than Newton. He joined his brothers in Tombstone, Arizona in 1880, and worked occasionally as a deputy for Virgil collecting taxes and for periodic guard duty. Wyatt landed the Faro concession at the Oriental Saloon. Virgil was the Deputy U.S. Marshall and in mid-1881 became the Tombstone City Marshal as well. James was his deputy. The Earps had ongoing conflicts with a loose federation of outlaw Cowboys who were implicated in ongoing livestock thefts and had repeatedly threatened to kill the Earps if they interfered.

Earp vendetta ride

Warren was at his parent's home in Colton, California at the time of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral on October 26, 1881. On December 28, 1881, Cowboys ambushed Virgil Earp, maiming him. Warren returned to Tombstone and was deputized by Wyatt. On March 18, 1882, Morgan Earp was murdered while playing billiards. On March 20, 1882 he joined a posse guarding Virgil and Allie as they were transported to Tucson to catch a train for California. Cowboy Frank Stilwell was spotted lying in wait for Virgil and was killed. Pima County Justice of the Peace Charles Meyer issued warrants for the arrest of Warren, Wyatt, Doc Holliday, "Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson, and Sherman McMaster. The men returned to Tombstone where Cochise County Sheriff Johnny Behan found the men in the lobby of the Cosmopolitan Hotel, heavily armed, getting ready to leave town. He told Wyatt he wanted to see him. Deputy U.S. Marshal Wyatt replied "Johnny, if you're not careful you'll see me once too often." On Friday the Tucson Grand Jury returned indictments naming all five men. The men were never tried or convicted. They left Tombstone that night and during the next week killed three more Cowboys they believed responsible for attacking their brothers in a vendatta across Cochise County.

Later life and death

Following the vendetta ride, Warren left Arizona for a time. He returned in 1891, and worked as a mail stage driver on the route between Willcox and Fort Grant. He may have worked briefly as a range detective for rancher Henry Hooker in Cochise County, Arizona. Modern depictions of Warren Earp portray him as being slightly naive and youthful. After the shoot out in Tombstone, he gained a reputation as a bully, playing off the reputation of his older brothers.

His brother Virgil was sure Warren's temper would get him killed. He was reunited in 1898 with his first wife Ellen and daughter Nellie who had been told he had been killed in the Civil War. They visited twice, and she told The Oregonian that during their visit, "My father said then, 'If Warren ever dies he will be shot. He is too hasty, quick-tempered and too ready to pick a quarrel. Besides he will not let bygones be bygones, and on that account, I expect that he will meet a violent death.'

On July 6, 1900, he became involved in an argument with Hooker's range boss, Johnnie Boyett, inside Brown's Saloon in Willcox. Boyett and Warren had been involved in verbal disputes before that night, and rumor was that their mutual dislike stemmed from affections for the same woman, possibly a local prostitute. Late that night, the two men, both drunk, began arguing. Bystanders said they "never heard any man take such abuse." Warren Earp is alleged to have said "Boyett, get your gun and we'll settle this right here. I've got mine, go and get yours". Boyett left and returned shortly thereafter with two .45 caliber Colt handguns. Boyett called out for Earp, who walked in from another doorway. Immediately upon seeing Earp, Boyett fired two rounds, but both missed.

Earp stepped calmly outside of the saloon onto the street without producing a weapon, just as Boyett fired two more rounds, missing again with both. Earp entered the saloon again and walked towards Boyett, opened his coat and vest. "I have not got arms. You have a good deal the best of this". Earp continued walking toward Boyett, talking the entire time. As Boyett warned him several times to halt, Boyett appearing slightly frightened but angry. When Earp did not stop, Boyett fired a fifth round, this time striking Earp in the chest, killing him almost instantly. Boyett claimed that he feared for his life, and that by allowing Warren Earp to get too close, he believed his life was in danger. Warren Earp was found to have been unarmed, though he had an open pocket knife in his fist. No arrest was made.

Lynn R. Baily, the daughter of rancher Henry Hooker, wrote in Henry Clay Hooker and the Sierra Bonita that "Virgil Earp sneaked into Willcox under an assumed name, checked into the hotel near Brown's Saloon, and began interviewing witnesses. He concluded his brother's death was "cold blooded murder even if Warren was drunk and abusive at the time."

Boyett was arrested for the shooting. The coroner's inquest confirmed that he killed Earp. Boyett sought protection from the local sheriff, fearing retribution from the Earp brothers. He returned to work on Hooker's ranch, staying out of Willcox for a long period of time. Wyatt did not get involved in the incident, nor did James or Newton. It was later falsely reported that the Earps avenged Warren's death by killing Boyett. Boyett eventually retired in Redlands, California. He later died in Texas.

Warren Earp was buried in Willcox, at the Pioneer Cemetery.

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Warren Earp's Timeline

March 9, 1855
Pella, Marion, IA, United States
July 6, 1900
Age 45
Willcox, Cochise, AZ, United States
Willcox, Cochise, AZ, United States