William de Arches

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William de Arches

Birthplace: Newton Kyme, Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England
Death: after circa 1154
Scagglethorpe, Malton, North Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Osbern d'Arques and wife of Osbern de Arches
Husband of Juetta de Arches
Father of Hawise de Arches; Matilda de Arches, Prioress Monkton; Peter de Arches; Robert de Arches and Juetta de Flamville, Countess of Annandale
Brother of Agnes de Arches and Gilbert De Arches

Occupation: Lord of Thorp Arches
Managed by: Eric Michael Anderson
Last Updated:

About William de Arches

From Jim Weber's research:


ID: I04887

Name: William de ARCHES , Lord of Thorp Arches [1]

Sex: M

Birth: 1090 in Newton Kyme or Scagglethorpe, Yorkshire, England

Death: ABT 1154 in Thorp Arch, West Riding Yorkshire, England [1]

Father: Osbern de ARCHES , of Thorp Arches

b: ABT 1059 in Arques-la-Bataille, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France

Marriage 1 Ivetta b: ABT 1110 in of Yorkshire, England


1. Robert de ARCHES , Lord of Wrauby, Sir b: ABT 1132 in Wrawby, Glanford Brigg, Lincolnshire, England

2. Juetta de ARCHES b: ABT 1137 in Scagglethorpe, Yorkshire, England


1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999

Page: 136-25

From 'Houses of Benedictine nuns: Priory of Nun Monkton', A History of the County of York: Volume 3 (1974), pp. 122-123



This house appears from a confirmation by Archbishop Henry Murdac (1147-53), (fn. 1) to have been founded in the reign of Stephen by William de Arches and Ivetta his wife, who granted to God and St. Mary and to Maud their daughter and the nuns of Monkton 6 carucates of land in Monkton, and half a carucate in Hammerton, and the churches of ' Torp ' (Thorp Arch) (fn. 2) Hammerton, ' Escham' (Askham Richard), and ' Kirkby juxta Useburn' (Kirkby Wharfe). The latter church Elias de Ho had granted at the counsel of William de Arches.

The way in which the name of William and Ivetta's daughter, Maud, is introduced can only mean that she was prioress of the house.

Nun Monkton, although close to York, was within the archdeaconry of Richmond, and on that account the archbishops' registers have very little about it.


Prioresses of Nun Monkton

Maud de Arches (first prioress), temp. Stephen (fn. 13)


1. Dugdale, Mon. Angl. iv, 194.

2. The church of Thorp Arch was also given by Adam de Brus and Ivetta de Arches to St. Sepulchre's chapel at York. An agreement between the nuns and the chapter of the chapel was confirmed by Archbishop Walter Gray in 1226. The nuns were to possess all they had in ' Torp,' including its chapel of ' Waleton ' (Walton), when the suit began, but to cede all their right to the church of 'Torp,' and the charter of Archbishop Henry Murdac (above mentioned) as well as others of Archbishops Roger and Geoffrey touching the church; Archbishop. Gray's Reg. (Suit. Soc.), 2; Burton. Mon. Ebor. 87.

13. See above.

From The Brus family in England and Scotland, 1100-1295:


Although Adam II (de Brus) had begun from a position of weakness, he seems to have made good use of what he had and built on it. His marriage to Juetta, daughter and ultimately sole heiress of William de Arches, brought him control of the Arches feif which comprised seven knights' fees in the West Riding, mostly in the Ainsty Wapentake, cetered on the manor of Thorp Arch and held of the Honor of Mowbray [73]. Despite assertions to the contrary, there can be no doubt that Brown was right in stating that Juetta was wife of Adam II, not of his father. This is made clear in two grants which Adam II's son, Peter I, made to the canons of Healaugh Park priory in the Arches fief, in which Peter names his mother as 'Juetta' [74]. Further evidence is forthcoming in connection with Adam II's daughter Isabel, who was married in the early 1190s to Henry de Percy. In c.1192, Juetta granted seven carucates of land from the Arches estates at Askham [Richard] to 'my daughter' Isabel de Brus and her heirs, and confirmed this by a quitclaim before the king's justices in the same words [75].

Juetta de Arches was twice-married. Her other husband, Roger de Flamville, who was a tenant and close companion of Roger de Mowbray, died in about 1169. Adam de Brus II was therefore Juetta's second husband, and must have been at least 30 years of age when he married [76]. But it was not unusual for a man to remain unmaried until his early 30s, and William of Aumale may have been reluctant to relinquish his hold on the Brus barony sufficiently to allow his ward to establish himself in his won household [77]. There is nothing to suggest that Adam II was unduly influenced by his connection with the Mowbrays; in 1173-4, when they were rebels against Henry II, Adam was among the King's adherents. It is, however, just possible that Adam's marriage to Juetta did not take place until after Roger de Mowbray's defeat in 1174, when the Mowbray lands were temporarily forfeit to the crown [78]. If wardship of the widowed Juetta had likewise passed to the crown, her marriage to one of the king's supporters could have been a deliberate ploy to lessen Mowbray control over the Arches estates. In which case, the count of Aumale may have had some say in the matter since he too is listed among Henry II's supports, albeit a rather half-hearted on. Besides having an interest in the Bruses as Adam II's uncle and guardian, Count William (of Aumale) had links with the Arches family through Juetta's aunt, Agnes, who had successively married two important Holderness tenants, Herbert de St-Quintin and Robert de Fauconberg [79]. It is also noteworthy that the only Mowbray charter included in Greenway's edition to be witnessed by William of Aumale, is...



73. In 1086, the Arches estate had been held in chief by William's father, Osbern, but the overlordship was granted to Nigel d'Aubigny by Henry I, perhaps because of William's involvement in rebellion. Juetta had a sister, Matilda, who became a nun and prioress at the family's foundation of Nun Monkton, thus ensuring that the family lands would not be divided on William's death. EYC, i. 415; Early Yorkshire Families, ed. C.Clay (YAS Record Ser. 135, 1973), 1-2; Mowbray Charters, pp. xxv, 262; Dalton, Conquest, 90. For details of the estates, see EYC, i. 408-36, DB: Yorks, ii. section 25W.

74. Brown, "Brus Cenotaph", 245; Healaugh Cart., 66-67. For further details of the evidence in support of Brown, see Blakely, "Bruses of Skelton", 19-20, 22-5.

75. EYC, i., nos 548, 549; EYC, ii. no. 668. Farrer interpolates "grand" before "daughter" in his abstracts of Juetta's grants.

76. In a grant made by Juetta after Adam's death, for the souls of her parents and both her husbands, Roger de Flamville is named first, although Farrer's abstract transposes the names; EYC, i. no. 555.

77. Duby, Chivalrous Society, 113.

78. Mowbray Charters, pp. xxix-xxxi. The marriage could not have been later than 1175, as Adam's son was evidently of age by 1196 x 1198. PR 8 Richard I, 185; PR 10 Richard I, 43.

79 Benedict of Peterborough, Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi, i 54 n. 4; English, "Lords of Holderness", 24, 147-150, Agnes was subsequently married to another Aumale tenant, William Foliot, who was also a major tenant of the Lacys; Dalton, Conquest, 183-254.

Ben M. Angel notes: The picture came from what looks to be a brochure, and depicts the Paylor Monument at Nun Monkton. The Paylors apparently owned the village in the late 1600s and early 1700s. There seems to be little that remains of the original architecture erected by William de Arches and his family in the 1100s, but the Paylor Monument seemed to include at least an attempt to commemorate the village founders.

Picture from Martin Wainwright's True North blog:


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William de Arches's Timeline

Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England
Age 23
Age 25
Probably Yorkshire, England
Age 35
Age 37
Glanfrod Brigg, Lincolnshire, England
Age 42
Thorp Arch, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Age 59
Malton, North Yorkshire, England
July 12, 1991
Age 59
November 30, 1991
Age 59