About Big Ribs
Big Ribs was born circa 1834. He married Her Red Horses circa 1889.
Child of Big Ribs and Her Red Horses
- Anna Catches The Enemy + b. circa 1890
"The first documentary notice I've found of American Horse is in a list of chiefs and headmen that the Loafer band peace envoy Big Ribs was to contact in fall 1865. It has been transcribed in John McDermott's fine book on the war of 1865 Circle of Fire, p. 147. The list was the product of intense talks with Indians and traders around Fort Laramie. Separate lists were prepared for the Brules, Oglalas, Bad Faces, O Yoki ha pas (Oyuhpes), Miniconjous, and Cheyennes. Among the listed Bad Face band headmen is "Steals the White Man's Horse". That this is our American Horse is confirmed by the next name, that of his father Sitting Bear.
Big Ribs was a leader of the Loafer Band at Fort Laramie. He was driven out by Red Cloud as Chief of the Oglala. "Earlier, in January 1866, Moon of Frost, Swift Bear and his Sioux Brules signed a treaty giving the white men entitlement to a road through the Powder River country, along with the establishment of forts for protection. Crazy Horse was told that these chiefs told the soldier chief (Sheridan?) that the Sioux Oglala were coming too, and that Red Cloud had driven out Big Ribs so he could be Chief." (Bridger Travel Files)
From the card catalog of the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection:
Big Ribs (Sioux Chief)
Squaw dies lately in Denver. R.M. News. June 9, 1866 p. 4 c. 2
Dines at Bachelor’s Club, Denver. R.M. News. Feb. 16, 1866 p.4 c.2