Ya'qub ben Nissim ibn Shahin al-Qairouan

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Records for Ya'qub ben Nissim ibn Shahin al-Qairouan

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Ya'qub ben Nissim ibn Shahin al-Qairouan (ben Yakob al-Qairouan)

Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Son of Nissim ben Shabib al-Qairouan
Husband of unkbown bat Dunash ben Labrat
Father of Rabban Nissim ben Ya'qub ibn Shahin, Gaon al-Qayrawan
Brother of Abū Zikrī "Yehudah" ben Yosef ben Simḥa, Rosh haSeder

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About Ya'qub ben Nissim ibn Shahin al-Qairouan

Abu Ya'qub Jacob, was head of the local academy (Heb. bet midrash) and in 987 wrote to Sherira Gaon in Babylonia in the name of “the holy congregation of Qayrawan,” asking him how the Mishna was written. The famous response is known as the Epistle (Heb. Iggeret) of Sherira Gaon. In it Sherira refers to Jacob as mari (my teacher) and rabbana (our mentor).

Philosopher; lived at Kairwan in the tenth century; younger contemporary of Saadia. At Jacob's request Sherira Gaon wrote a treatise entitled "Iggeret," on the redaction of the Mishnah. Jacob is credited with the authorship of an Arabic commentary on the "Sefer Yeẓirah" (translated into Hebrew by Moses ben Joseph). He asserts in the introduction that Saadia, while living in Egypt, used to address very insignificant questions to Isaac ben Solomon of Kairwan, and that, on receiving Saadia's commentary, he found that the text had not been understood by the commentator. Jacob therefore decided to write another commentary. In the same introduction Jacob speaks of Galen, repeating the story that that celebrated physician was a Jew named "Gamaliel." The Hebrew translation of Jacob's commentary is still extant in manuscript (Munich MSS., No. 92, 20; De Rossi MSS., No. 769); excerpts from it have been given by Landauer and Dukes.

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