Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore

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Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore

Also Known As: "Cecil Calvert", "Lord Baltimore / Cæcilius"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Castle Bolton, Leyburn, Yorkshire, England
Death: Died in Bexley, Kent, England
Place of Burial: St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of George Calvert and Anne Calvert
Husband of Anne Calvert (Arundell), Baroness Baltimore
Father of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore; Mary Blakiston (Calvert); Ann Calvert; George Calvert and Leonard Calvert
Brother of Hon. Leonard Calvert, 1st Prov. Gov. of Maryland; Dorothy Talbot; Grace Talbot; Helen Talbot; Philip Calvert, Esq. and 10 others

Occupation: 2nd baron Baltimore, The Lord Baltimore
Managed by: Kevin Lawrence Hanit
Last Updated:

About Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore

Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore was baptised on 2 March 1605/6 at Bexley, Kent, England. [2] He died circa December 1675. [3] He was buried on 7 December 1675 at St. Gile's-in-the-Fields Church, London, England.[3] His will (dated 22 November 1675 and 28 November 1675) was probated on 3 February 1675/76.[3]

Parents: son of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore and Anne Mynne. [2]

Married:

  1. A settlement for the marriage between him and Hon. Anne Arundell was made on 20 March 1627/28. [1,3]

Events

  • He was heavily fined (or 'mulcted') by the Parliamentary party, though he is not known to have actually fought for the King. [3]
  • He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Baltimore, of Baltimore [I., 1625] on 15 April 1632. [2]
  • He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography. [4]
    

Children of Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore and Hon. Anne Arundell

  1. Mary Calvert [5]
  2. Hon. George Calvert [3] b. 15 Sep 1634, d. Jun 1636
  3. Maj.-Gen. Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore [3] b. 27 Aug 1637, d. 21 Feb 1714/15

Citations

  1. [S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 9. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
  2. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 393. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  3. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 394.
  4. [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), Calvert, Cecil. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
  5. [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume II, page 188. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.

Links

[# http://thepeerage.com/p2615.htm#i26146 ThePeerage: Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore]

  1. Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore
  2. Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series) Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore (1605-1675) Retrieved June 2011
  3. Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series) Leonard Calvert (ca. 1606-1647) Retrieved June 2011

Sources

  1. William Hand Browne, George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert, 1890
  2. David B. Quinn (ed.), Early Maryland in a Wider World, 1982
  3. David W. Jordon, Foundations of Representative Government in Maryland, 1632-1715, 1987.
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Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore's Timeline

1605
March 2, 1605
Bexley, Kent, England
March 2, 1605
Bexley, Kent, England
August 8, 1605
Leyburn, Yorkshire, England, UK
1605
Leyburn, Yorkshire, England

Unfortunately, in this period, birth records were not kept - only baptismal records. August 8 represents the day of baptism, which may have been a month or two after his birth.

1627
March 20, 1627
Age 22
England, (Present UK)
1632
April 15, 1632
Age 27
London, Middlesex, England

Upon death, Sir George Calvert is succeeded as Baron Baltimore by his son, Cecil Calvert.

June 20, 1632
Age 27
Greenwich, Greater London, England, UK

June 30 (June 20 Julian Calendar, Wednesday), Britain: Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore, is granted at Greenwich a charter for establishing a proprietary colony on Chesapeake Bay between Pennsylvania and Virginia in the New World by King Charles I of England (it specifies all unsettled lands north of the Potomac River on both sides of the Chesapeake Bay, so as to avoid conflicts with settlers from Virginia Colony; the Lord Proprietor is also to furnish one fifth of any gold or silver in the colony, and provide two arrows a year from local tribesmen to the Royal Castle at Windsor every Easter). Enjoying the rights of a palatinate (descendant rights nearly equal to an independent state, including rights to wage war, collect taxes, and establish a colonial nobility), Lord Baltimore gathers members, mostly Catholic, for the new colony, to be named Maryland after the reigning Queen Consort Henrietta Maria de Bourbon of England (age 23). On the same day, King Charles also issues a proclamation to the Gentry to keep to their residents in the country and not move residence to London, Winchester, or the adjoining towns.

1633
June 4, 1633
Age 28
London, England, UK

Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore faces his first big challenge at the Royal Court as members of the Virginia Company issue a formal complaint over the creation of the proprietary colony of Maryland by its Lord Proprietor Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore. They claim that the territory occupied by Maryland was not truly unsettled as William Claiborne had a trading station established already on Kent Island in the northern Chesapeake Bay. The Virginians also claim that the charter is written so broad as to violate the liberty of Maryland’s future citizens.
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From "The History of Maryland" by John Leeds Bozman (1837):

A petition therefore was framed in the name of the planters, and in May 1633 presented to his majesty, in which they remonstrate: "that some grants have been lately obtained of a great portion of lands and territories of the colony there, being the places of their traffic and so near to their habitations as will give a general disheartening to the planters, if they be divided into several governments and a bar put to that trade that they have long since exercised towards their supportation and relief, under the confidence of his majesty's royal and gracious intentions towards them."
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June 14 (June 4 Julian Calendar, Tuesday), the Privy Council of King Charles I of England, still in London during the absence of King Charles during his Scottish coronation tour, addresses the Virginia Company’s petition against the Maryland Grant issued to Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore. The case is deferred three weeks so that all interested parties could be assembled and heard.

June 28, 1633
Age 28
London, England, UK

July 8 (June 28 Julian Calendar, Friday), Britain: In Edinburgh, the Scottish Parliament, held during the visit of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland, is adjourned. The King remains in town, and has his agents observe those who dissented from his 32 Acts restoring the Episcopal Church in Scotland. In London, King Charles’ Privy Council hears arguments from both the Virginia Company and Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore, and decides to give both parties five days to work out their differences “in a friendly manner,” and to present any lasting differences to the Privy Council in their next meeting.

July 3, 1633
Age 28
London, England, UK

July 13 (July 3 Julian Calendar, Wednesday), Britain: In London, King Charles's Privy Council meets one last time on the matter of the Maryland Charter, and finally sides with Lord Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore, ordering “that the Lord Baltimore should be left to his patent, and the other parties to the course of law, according to their desires. But for the preventing of further questions and differences, their Lordships did also think fit and order that, things standing as they do, the planters on either side shall have free traffic and commerce each with the other, and that neither party shall receive fugitive persons belonging to the other, nor do any act which may draw on a war from the natives upon either of them: and lastly that they shall sincerely entertain all good correspondence and assist each other in all occasions in such manner as becometh fellow subjects and members of the same state.” When news of this grant arrives in Virginia colony, the colonists there become angry at having to be neighbors with English Catholics; William Claiborne, with his own settlement in the northern Chesapeake Bay, prepares to do what he can to thwart the colony. Because of the anticipated opposition to this arrangement, Lord Baltimore decides to stay behind in London and support his colony in the Royal Court, sending his brother Leonard Calvert instead to serve as his governor (his youngest brother George Calvert likewise is sent to help with affairs in the new colony).