Claude de Valois-Orléans, reine de France

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Claude (de Valois-Orléans), duchesse de Bretagne

Also Known As: "The Good", "Claude of France"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Romorantin-Lanthenay, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France
Death: Died in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France
Place of Burial: Basilique Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Louis XII, roi de France and Anne de Bretagne, reine de France
Wife of François I, roi de France
Mother of Louise de Valois; Charlotte de Valois; François III de Valois, dauphin de France; Henri II de Valois, roi de France; Madeleine de Valois, Queen consort of Scots and 3 others
Sister of Renée de Valois-Orléans, duchesse de Chartres; Fils de Valois-Orléans, (mort jeune) and Fils de Valois-Orléans, (mort jeune)
Half sister of Charles Orland de Valois, (mort jeune); Charles de Valois, (mort jeune); François de Valois, (mort jeune) and Anne de Valois, (mort jeune)

Occupation: Reine de France (1515-1524), duchesse de Bretagne (9 January 1514), comtesse de Montfort-L'Amaury, de Blois, d'Étampes, d'Aast and de Coucy (9 January 1514), dame de Houdan and de Neaufles (9 January 1514)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Claude de Valois-Orléans, reine de France

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_of_France

and in French: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_de_France_%281499-1524%29

Claude of France (French: Claude de France, 14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524) was a princess and queen consort of France and ruling Duchess of Brittany, was the eldest daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany.

As the first spouse of Francis I of France, she was the mother of Henry II, and thus grandmother of the last three kings of the Valois line and also of Elisabeth, Queen consort of Spain; Claude, Duchess consort of Lorraine; and Margaret, the Queen consort of Henry IV of France. She is also the maternal grandmother of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.

Betrothals and marriage

Because her mother, Anne, Duchess of Brittany, had no surviving sons, Claude became heiress to the Duchy of Brittany. The crown of France, however, could pass only to and through male heirs, according to Salic Law. In 1504, Anne, eager to keep Brittany separate from the French crown, effected the Treaty of Blois, which promised Claude's hand in marriage to the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the promise of Brittany and the Duchy of Burgundy. The prospect of a reduced France surrounded on several sides was unacceptable to the Valois, and so the betrothal was soon canceled.

The French nobles argued against a betrothal to a foreigner, urging Louis XII to marry Claude to her cousin Francis, Duke of Angoulême, "who is at least all French", and was also the heir-presumptive to the French crown. In 1506, the child was betrothed to Francis. In 1514, when her mother died, Claude became Duchess of Brittany; and on 18 May 1514, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, she married Francis.

[edit] Court life

Claude, the pawn of so much dynastic maneuvering, was short in stature and afflicted with scoliosis, which gave her a hunched back. She was eclipsed at court by her mother-in-law, Louise of Savoy, and her sister-in-law, the literary Marguerite, Queen consort of Navarre.

When Francis became King in 1515, two of Claude's ladies-in-waiting were the English sisters Mary and Anne Boleyn, and another was Diane de Poitiers. Mary became the king's mistress before returning home in about 1519. Anne served as Claude's official translator whenever there were English visitors, such as in 1520. Anne was also a temporary companion to Claude's younger sister, Renée. Anne Boleyn returned to England in 1521, where she eventually became Queen of England as the second wife of Henry VIII. Diane de Poitiers was a principal inspiration of the School of Fontainebleau of the French Renaissance, and became the lifelong mistress of Francis's son and successor, Henry II.

Claude's life was spent in an endless round of annual pregnancies. Her husband had many mistresses, but was usually relatively discreet. Claude imposed a strict moral code on her own household, which only a few chose to flout.

[edit] ChildrenClaude and Francis I had seven children:

   * Louise, Princess of France (19 August 1515 – 21 September 1517) - died young.
   * Charlotte, Princess of France (23 October 1516 – 8 September 1524) - died young.
   * Francis, Dauphin of France (28 February 1518 – 10 August 1536) - died young.
   * Henry II, King of France (31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) - married Catherine de' Medici. Had issue.
   * Madeleine, Princess of France (10 August 1520 – 2 July 1537) - married James V of Scotland. No issue
   * Charles of Valois, Duke of Orleans (22 January 1522 – 9 September 1545) - Died young. Had no issue.
   * Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (5 June 1523 – 14 September 1574) - married Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy in 1559. Had issue.

[edit] Death and later events

Claude died in 1524, when she was only twenty-four. She was initially succeeded as ruler of Brittany by her eldest son, the Dauphin Francis, who became Duke Francis III, with Claude's widower King Francis I as guardian. After the Dauphin's death in 1536, Claude's second son, Henry, Duke of Orleans, became Dauphin and Duke of Brittany. He later became King of France as Henry II.

Claude's widowed husband himself remarried several years after Claude's death, to Eleanor of Habsburg, the sister of Emperor Charles V. The atmosphere at court became considerably more debauched, and there were rumours that King Francis's death in 1547 was due to syphilis.

Queen Claude was named after St. Claude, a saint her mother had invoked during a pilgrimage so she could give birth to a living child.

[edit] "Reine Claude" plum

Claude is remembered in a classic small plum, the size of a walnut, pale green with a glaucous bloom. It is still called "Reine Claude" (literally, "Queen Claude") in France and is known in England as a "greengage".

Reign 9 January 1514 – 20 July 1524

Predecessor Anne

Successor Francis III

Queen consort of France

Tenure 1 January 1515 – 20 July 1524

Spouse Francis I of France

Issue

Charlotte of Valois

Francis III, Duke of Brittany

Henry II of France

Madeleine, Queen of Scots

Charles, Duke of Orléans

Margaret, Duchess of Savoy

House Valois-Orléans

Father Louis XII of France

Mother Anne, Duchess of Brittany

Born 14 October 1499(1499-10-14)

Died 20 July 1524 (aged 24)

--------------------

Claude of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Claude of France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), Queen Consort of France and Duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany.

As the first wife of Francis I of France, she was the mother of Henry II, and thus grandmother of the last three kings of the Valois line and also of Elisabeth, Queen consort of Spain; Claude, Duchess consort of Lorraine; and Marguerite, the Queen consort of Henry IV of France.

Betrothals and marriage

Since her mother, Anne of Brittany, had no surviving sons, Claude was the heiress of Brittany. The crown of France, however, could pass only to and through male heirs, according to Salic Law. In 1504, Anne, eager to keep Brittany separate from the French crown, effected the Treaty of Blois, which promised Claude's hand in marriage to the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the promise of Brittany and the Duchy of Burgundy. The prospect of a reduced France surrounded on several sides was unacceptable to the Valois, and so the betrothal was soon canceled.

The French nobles argued against a betrothal to a foreigner, urging Louis XII to marry her to her cousin François, Duke of Angoulême, "who is at least all French," and was also the heir-presumptive to the French crown. In 1506, the child was betrothed to François. In 1514, when her mother died, Claude became Duchess of Brittany; and on 18 May 1514, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, she married François.

Court life

Claude, the pawn of so much dynastic maneuvering, was short in stature and afflicted with scoliosis, which gave her a hunched back. She was eclipsed at court by her mother-in-law, Louise of Savoy, and her sister-in-law, the literary Marguerite, Queen Consort of Navarre.

When François became King in 1515, two of Claude's ladies-in-waiting were the English sisters Mary and Anne Boleyn. Mary became the king's mistress before returning home in about 1519. Anne served as Claude's official translator whenever there were English visitors, such as in 1520. Anne was also a temporary companion to Claude's younger sister, Renée. Anne Boleyn returned to England in 1521, where she eventually became the Queen Consort of Henry VIII.

Claude's life was spent in an endless round of annual pregnancies. Her husband had many mistresses, but was usually relatively discreet. Claude imposed a strict moral code on her own household, which only a few like Mary Boleyn chose to flout.

Death and later events

Claude died in 1524, when she was only twenty-four. She was initially succeeded as ruler of Brittany by her eldest son, the Dauphin François, who became Duke François III, with Claude's widower King François I as guardian. After the Dauphin's untimely death in 1536, Claude's second son, Henry, Duke of Orleans, became Dauphin and Duke of Brittany. He later became King of France as Henry II.

Claude's widowed husband himself remarried several years after Claude's death, to Eleanor of Habsburg, the sister of Emperor Charles V. The atmosphere at court became considerably more debauched, and there were rumours that King François's death in 1547 was due to syphilis.

[edit]"Reine Claude" plum

Claude is remembered in a classic small plum, the size of a walnut, pale green with a glaucous bloom. It is still called "Reine Claude" (literally, "Queen Claude,") in France and is known in England as a "greengage."

--------------------

Claude of France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), Queen Consort of France and Duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany.

As the first wife of Francis I of France, she was the mother of Henry II, and thus grandmother of the last three kings of the Valois line and also of Elisabeth, Queen consort of Spain; Claude, Duchess consort of Lorraine; and Marguerite, the Queen consort of Henry IV of France. She is also the maternal grandmother of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.

Betrothals and marriage

Because her mother, Anne, Duchess of Brittany, had no surviving sons, Claude became heiress to the Duchy of Brittany. The crown of France, however, could pass only to and through male heirs, according to Salic Law. In 1504, Anne, eager to keep Brittany separate from the French crown, effected the Treaty of Blois, which promised Claude's hand in marriage to the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the promise of Brittany and the Duchy of Burgundy. The prospect of a reduced France surrounded on several sides was unacceptable to the Valois, and so the betrothal was soon canceled.

The French nobles argued against a betrothal to a foreigner, urging Louis XII to marry Claude to her cousin François, Duke of Angoulême, "who is at least all French," and was also the heir-presumptive to the French crown. In 1506, the child was betrothed to François. In 1514, when her mother died, Claude became Duchess of Brittany; and on 18 May 1514, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, she married François.

Court life

Claude, the pawn of so much dynastic maneuvering, was short in stature and afflicted with scoliosis, which gave her a hunched back. She was eclipsed at court by her mother-in-law, Louise of Savoy, and her sister-in-law, the literary Marguerite, Queen Consort of Navarre.

When François became King in 1515, two of Claude's ladies-in-waiting were the English sisters Mary and Anne Boleyn, and another was Diane de Poitiers. Mary became the king's mistress before returning home in about 1519. Anne served as Claude's official translator whenever there were English visitors, such as in 1520. Anne was also a temporary companion to Claude's younger sister, Renée. Anne Boleyn returned to England in 1521, where she eventually became the Queen Consort of Henry VIII. Diane de Poitiers was a principal inspiration of the School of Fontainebleau of the French Renaissance, and became the lifelong mistress of François' son and successor, Henri II.

Claude's life was spent in an endless round of annual pregnancies. Her husband had many mistresses, but was usually relatively discreet. Claude imposed a strict moral code on her own household, which only a few chose to flout.

Claude and Francis I had seven children:

Louise, Princess of France (August 19, 1515 - September 21, 1517) - died young.

Charlotte, Princess of France (October 23, 1516 - September 8, 1524) - died young.

Francis, Dauphin of France (February 28, 1518 - August 10, 1536) - died young.

Henry II, King of France (March 31, 1519 - July 10, 1559) - married Catherine de' Medici. Had issue.

Madeleine, Princess of France (August 10, 1520 - July 2, 1537) - married James V of Scotland. No issue

Charles of Valois, Duke of Orleans (January 22, 1522 - September 9, 1545) - Died young. Had no issue.

Marguerite of France (June 5, 1523 - September 14, 1574) - married Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy in 1559. Had issue.

Death and later events

Claude died in 1524, when she was only twenty-four. She was initially succeeded as ruler of Brittany by her eldest son, the Dauphin François, who became Duke François III, with Claude's widower King François I as guardian. After the Dauphin's untimely death in 1536, Claude's second son, Henry, Duke of Orleans, became Dauphin and Duke of Brittany. He later became King of France as Henry II.

Claude's widowed husband himself remarried several years after Claude's death, to Eleanor of Habsburg, the sister of Emperor Charles V. The atmosphere at court became considerably more debauched, and there were rumours that King François's death in 1547 was due to syphilis.

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude,_Duchess_of_Brittany

Claude of France

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Claude

Duchess of Brittany

Reign 9 January 1514 – 20 July 1524

Predecessor Anne

Successor Francis III

Queen consort of France

Tenure 1 January 1515 – 20 July 1524

Spouse Francis I of France

Issue

Charlotte of Valois

Francis III, Duke of Brittany

Henry II of France

Madeleine, Queen of Scots

Charles, Duke of Orléans

Margaret, Duchess of Savoy

House Valois-Orléans

Father Louis XII of France

Mother Anne, Duchess of Brittany

Born 14 October 1499(1499-10-14)

Died 20 July 1524 (aged 24)

Claude of France (French: Claude de France) (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524) was a princess and queen consort of France and ruling Duchess of Brittany, was the eldest daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany.

As the first spouse of Francis I of France, she was the mother of Henry II, and thus grandmother of the last three kings of the Valois line and also of Elisabeth, Queen consort of Spain; Claude, Duchess consort of Lorraine; and Margaret, the Queen consort of Henry IV of France. She is also the maternal grandmother of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Betrothals and marriage
   * 2 Court life
   * 3 Children
   * 4 Death and later events
   * 5 "Reine Claude" plum
   * 6 Ancestors

[edit] Betrothals and marriage

Because her mother, Anne, Duchess of Brittany, had no surviving sons, Claude became heiress to the Duchy of Brittany. The crown of France, however, could pass only to and through male heirs, according to Salic Law. In 1504, Anne, eager to keep Brittany separate from the French crown, effected the Treaty of Blois, which promised Claude's hand in marriage to the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the promise of Brittany and the Duchy of Burgundy. The prospect of a reduced France surrounded on several sides was unacceptable to the Valois, and so the betrothal was soon canceled.

The French nobles argued against a betrothal to a foreigner, urging Louis XII to marry Claude to her cousin Francis, Duke of Angoulême, "who is at least all French", and was also the heir-presumptive to the French crown. In 1506, the child was betrothed to Francis. In 1514, when her mother died, Claude became Duchess of Brittany; and on 18 May 1514, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, she married Francis.

[edit] Court life

Claude, the pawn of so much dynastic maneuvering, was short in stature and afflicted with scoliosis, which gave her a hunched back. She was eclipsed at court by her mother-in-law, Louise of Savoy, and her sister-in-law, the literary Marguerite, Queen consort of Navarre.

When Francis became King in 1515, two of Claude's ladies-in-waiting were the English sisters Mary and Anne Boleyn, and another was Diane de Poitiers. Mary became the king's mistress before returning home in about 1519. Anne served as Claude's official translator whenever there were English visitors, such as in 1520. Anne was also a temporary companion to Claude's younger sister, Renée. Anne Boleyn returned to England in 1521, where she eventually became Queen of England as the second wife of Henry VIII. Diane de Poitiers was a principal inspiration of the School of Fontainebleau of the French Renaissance, and became the lifelong mistress of Francis's son and successor, Henry II.

Claude's life was spent in an endless round of annual pregnancies. Her husband had many mistresses, but was usually relatively discreet. Claude imposed a strict moral code on her own household, which only a few chose to flout.

[edit] Children

Claude of France with her daughters: at the front, Charlotte (left) and Louise (right), both of whom died young; right and behind, Madeleine, Queen consort of Scotland; left and behind, Marguerite, Duchess consort of Savoy

French Monarchy-

Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois

(Valois-Orléans branch)

Arms of the Kingdom of France (Moderne).svg

Louis XII

Children

  Claude of France         
  Renée of France         

Claude and Francis I had seven children:

   * Louise, Princess of France (19 August 1515 – 21 September 1517) - died young.
   * Charlotte, Princess of France (23 October 1516 – 8 September 1524) - died young.
   * Francis, Dauphin of France (28 February 1518 – 10 August 1536) - died young.
   * Henry II, King of France (31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) - married Catherine de' Medici. Had issue.
   * Madeleine, Princess of France (10 August 1520 – 2 July 1537) - married James V of Scotland. No issue
   * Charles of Valois, Duke of Orleans (22 January 1522 – 9 September 1545) - Died young. Had no issue.
   * Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (5 June 1523 – 14 September 1574) - married Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy in 1559. Had issue.

[edit] Death and later events

Claude died in 1524, when she was only twenty-four. She was initially succeeded as ruler of Brittany by her eldest son, the Dauphin Francis, who became Duke Francis III, with Claude's widower King Francis I as guardian. After the Dauphin's death in 1536, Claude's second son, Henry, Duke of Orleans, became Dauphin and Duke of Brittany. He later became King of France as Henry II.

Claude's widowed husband himself remarried several years after Claude's death, to Eleanor of Habsburg, the sister of Emperor Charles V. The atmosphere at court became considerably more debauched, and there were rumours that King Francis's death in 1547 was due to syphilis.

Queen Claude was named after St. Claude, a saint her mother had invoked during a pilgrimage so she could give birth to a living child.

[edit] "Reine Claude" plum

Claude is remembered in a classic small plum, the size of a walnut, pale green with a glaucous bloom. It is still called "Reine Claude" (literally, "Queen Claude") in France and is known in England as a "greengage".

This page was last modified on 15 July 2010 at 11:58. -------------------- Portrait of Claude de Valois, Duchese de Bretagne by Francois Clouet, 1520

Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne1 F, #103080, b. 13 October 1499, d. 20 July 1524

Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 13 Oct 1499\nd. 20 Jul 1524|p10308.htm#i103080|Louis XII, Roi de France|b. 27 Jun 1462\nd. 1 Jan 1515|p10525.htm#i105242|Anne de Dreux, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 25 Jan 1476\nd. 9 Jan 1514|p10319.htm#i103187|Charles d'Orléans, Duc d'Orléans|b. 1394\nd. 4 Jan 1465|p10495.htm#i104948|Maria von Kleve|b. 19 Sep 1426\nd. 23 Aug 1487|p10319.htm#i103185|François I. de Dreux, Duc de Bretagne|b. 23 Jun 1435\nd. 9 Sep 1488|p10826.htm#i108256|Marguerite de Foix|b. 1449\nd. 1486|p40321.htm#i403209|

Last Edited=9 Oct 2009 Consanguinity Index=0.72%

Claude de Valois, Duchese de Bretagne by Francois Clouet, 1520 2 Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne was born on 13 October 1499 at Romorentin. She was the daughter of Louis XII, Roi de France and Anne de Dreux, Duchesse de Bretagne. She married François I, Roi de France, son of Charles d'Orléans, Duc d'Angoulême and Louise di Savoia, on 18 May 1514 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, France. She died on 20 July 1524 at age 24. Children of Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne and François I, Roi de France 1.Louise de Valois b. 1515 2.Charlotte de Valois b. 1516 3.François de Valois, Dauphin de France b. 1518, d. 1536 4.Henri II, Roi de France+ b. 31 Mar 1519, d. 10 Jul 1559 5.Madeleine de Valois b. 10 Aug 1520, d. 7 Jul 1537 6.Charles de Valois, Duc d'Angoulême b. 1522, d. 1545 7.Marguerite de Valois, Duchesse de Berri+ b. 5 Jun 1523, d. 14 Sep 1574 Citations 1.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 67. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."

view all 15

Claude de Valois-Orléans, reine de France's Timeline

1499
October 13, 1499
Romorantin-Lanthenay, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France
1513
1513
Age 13
Brittany - heiress of mother Anne
1513
Age 13
Brittany - heiress of mother Anne
1514
May 18, 1514
Age 14
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
1515
August 19, 1515
Age 15
Amboise, Indre-Et-Loire, Centre, France
1516
October 23, 1516
Age 17
Amboise, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France
1518
February 28, 1518
Age 18
Amboise, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France
1519
March 31, 1519
Age 19
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Ile-de-France, France
1520
August 10, 1520
Age 20
Chateau St. Germain-en-Laye, Paris, France
1520
Age 20
Balinghem, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

English state visit to France in 1520, which was known as "The Field of the Cloth of Gold".