Damaris Cudworth

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Damaris Cudworth

Also Known As: "Lady Masham"
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Bath, Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Dr. Ralph Cudworth and Damaris Cudworth
Wife of Sir Francis Masham, 3rd Baronet of Otes
Mother of Francis Cudworth Masham
Half sister of Thomas Andrews and Damaris Abney

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Damaris Cudworth

from Wikipedia

Damaris Cudworth Masham (18 January 1659 – 20 April 1708) was an English philosopher. She was the daughter of Cambridge Platonist philosopher Ralph Cudworth and a friend of John Locke, an English philosopher of what later came to be termed as the empiricist school. She published two works on issues of theology, epistemology, and moral philosophy, and corresponded with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Locke on metaphysical issues.

In her published books, Masham argued for improved education for women and objected to double standards of "virtue" for women and men. Masham's first work, A Discourse Concerning the Love of God, argued against the view that God was the only proper object of human love, whilst her second concerns the education of children, with the prime concern of that education to produce 'virtuous' children.

Recently, Masham has been recognized for her contributions to early feminist thought. Unlike her male contemporaries who devalue the importance of women and their relevance to social and political life, Masham argued that mothers were essential to the well-being of political society. In addition, she also advocated women's participation in disciplines long dominated by men: sciences and philosophy.

Damaris Cudworth became Lady Masham upon her marriage to Sir Francis Masham in 1685, and she also corresponded with Leibniz.

Primary sources Masham, Damaris Cudworth, A Discourse Concerning the Love of God, Printed in London for A. and J. Churchil at the Black-Swan in Paternoster-Row, 1696. Masham, Damaris Cudworth, Occasional Thoughts in reference to a Virtuous or Christian Life, Printed in London for A. and J. Churchil at the Black-Swan in Paternoster-Row, 1705. Beer, E. S., The Correspondence of John Locke, vol II (of VII) (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1976).

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Damaris Cudworth's Timeline

January 18, 1659
June 24, 1685
Age 26
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
June 1686
Age 27
April 20, 1708
Age 49
Bath, Bath and North East Somerset, United Kingdom