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Prominent Historians and Philosophers

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  • George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne (1685 - 1753)
    Wikipedia Biographical Summary George Berkeley (12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne) , was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the ...
  • Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908 - 2009)
    Claude Levi Strauss - Wikipedia French Anthropologue et ethnologue Français Claude Lévi-Strauss (28 November 1908 – 30 October 2009) was a French anthropologist and ethnologi...
  • Christian Anton Philipp Knorr von Rosenroth (1636 - 1689)
    Knorr von Rosenroth (July 15/16, 1636 – May 4, 1689) was a German Christian Hebraist and Christian Cabalist born at Alt-Raudten, today Stara Rudna in Silesia. After having completed his studies ...
  • Henri de Boulainvilliers (1658 - 1722)
    Anne Gabriel Henri Bernard, comte de Boulainvilliers , comte de Saint-Saire, né à Saint-Saire le 11 octobre 1658 et mort à Paris le 23 janvier 1722, est un historien et astrologue ...
  • Denis Diderot (1713 - 1784)
    Denis Diderot , né le 5 octobre 1713 à Langres et mort le 31 juillet 1784 à Paris, est un écrivain, philosophe et encyclopédiste français des Lumières, ...

Prominent Historians and Philosophers who have made major contributions to our understanding of our world and the human condition.

Selected profiles list by activity period:

       

BCE

0 – 1000 CE

1000 – 1500

XVI century

XVII century

XVIII century

  • Voltaire (21/11/1694 – 30/5/1778) French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (28/6/1712 – 2/7/1778) Genevan philosopher & writer. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Imanuel Kant (22/4/1724 – 12/2/1804) German philosopher
  • Moses Mendelssohn - משה מנדלסון; (c 6/9/1729 – 4/1/1786) German Jewish philosopher

XIX century

XX century

  • Henri Bergson (18/10/1859 – 4/1/1941) French philosopher. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927.
  • John Dewey (1859 – 1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  • Martin Buber, מרטין בובר‎; (8/2/1878 – 13/6/1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher
  • Franz Kafka (3/7/1883 – 3/6/1924) German-language Jewish novelist who revolutionized thinking and literature of the XX century
  • Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) Jewish German philosopher, historian and educator
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26/4/1889 – 29/4/1951) Austrian-British philosopher
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (26/7/1894 – 22/11/1963) English-American writer and philosopher
  • Sir Karl Raimund Popper (1902 – 1994) Austro-British philosopher
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (21/6/1905 – 15/4/1980) French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic
  • Simone de Beauvoir (9/1/1908 – 14/4/1986) French novelist and philosopher
  • A.J. Ayers (1910 - 1989) British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, and a Special Operations MI6 agent.
  • Bernard Lewis (born 1916) British-American historian, scholar in Oriental studies