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Prominent Historians and Philosophers

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  • Jan Amos Komenský (1592 - 1670)
  • Jürgen Kuczynski (1904 - 1997)
    Jürgen Kuczynski From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jürgen Kuczynski Jürgen Kuczynski (1997) by Guenter Prust.jpg Jürgen Kuczynski on 10 January 1997 Born Jürgen Kuczynski 17 August 1904 Elberfeld ...
  • Donald C Davidson
    Donald C. Davidson is the historian of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the only person to hold such a position on a full-time basis for any motorsports facility in the world. Davidson started his care...
  • Adriaan Koerbagh (c.1632 - 1669)
    Radicaal Koerbagh studeerde aan de universiteit van Utrecht en Leiden, werd doctor in de medicijnen en meester in de rechten. Hij was een van de radicaalste verlichters van zijn tijd: hij verwierp zo...
  • R' Jacob Klatzkin (1882 - 1948)
    Missing wife and children. When found, add to .

Prominent Historians and Philosophers

Prominent Historians and Philosophers who have made major contributions to our understanding of our world and the human condition.

Selected profiles list by activity period:

Photo: The School of Athens by Raphael

       

BCE

0 – 1000 CE

  • Philon of Alexandria, Φίλων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, פילון האלכסנדרוני (c. 20 BCE – 50 AC) Hellenistic Jewish Biblical philosopher in Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Seneca (c. 1 BCE – 65 CE) Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
  • Flavius, Josephus Titus; יוסף בן מתתיהו - Yosef ben Matityahu (37 – c. 100 CE) Jewish historian in Ancient Rome
  • Plutarch, Plutarchus, Πλούταρχος (c. 46 – 120 CE) Greek historian, biographer and essayist
  • Tacitus (c. 56 – c. 117 CE) Senator and historian of the Roman Empire.
  • Hypatia - Ὑπατία of Alexandria (370 – 415 CE) Greek scholar from Alexandria, Egypt, considered the first notable woman in mathematics, philosophy and astronomy.
  • Agathias Scholasticus, Αγαθίας σχολαστικός (c. 530 – 582/594), of Myrina (Mysia), Greek poet and the principal historian of part of the reign of the Roman emperor Justinian I between 552 and 558. His famous works: Cyclus, (The Circle) - compilation of "modern" (in Justinian's day) poems and epigrams which Agathias edited, and in which he included about 100 of his own productions. Historiæ - a sequel to Procopius' (public) history of Justinian's reign.
  • Bēda (672/673 – 735) Saint Bede or the Venerable Bede. English monk, author and scholar. "The Father of English History", by his work "Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People).
  • Einhard (c. 775 – March 14, 840 ACE) Frankish scholar and courtier. Einhard was a dedicated servant of Charlemagne and his son Louis the Pious; his main work is a biography of Charlemagne, the Vita Karoli Magni, "one of the most precious literary bequests of the early Middle Ages."

1000 – 1500

XVI century

XVII century

XVIII century

  • Voltaire (21/11/1694 – 30/5/1778) French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (28/6/1712 – 2/7/1778) Genevan philosopher & writer. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Imanuel Kant (22/4/1724 – 12/2/1804) German philosopher
  • Moses Mendelssohn - משה מנדלסון; (c 6/9/1729 – 4/1/1786) German Jewish philosopher

XIX century

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (28/7/1770 – 14/11/1831) German philosopher, of the German Idealism movement
  • Carlo Cattaneo (1801 - 1869) Italian philosopher and Revolutionary
  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) Danish philosopher and theologian
  • Christiam Mommsen (30/11/1817 – 1/11/1903) German historian and writer; his masterpiece - "The History of Rome". Nobel Prize in Literature 1902.
  • Karl Marx (5/5/1818 – 14/3/1883) German Jewish philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist and writer
  • John Venn (4/8/1834 – 4/4/1923) British logician and philosopher, famous for introducing the Venn diagram.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche (15/10/1844 – 25/8/1900) German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer.

XX century

  • Henri Bergson (18/10/1859 – 4/1/1941) French philosopher. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927.
  • John Dewey (1859 – 1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  • Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH TD PCc DL FRS RA (1874 – 1965) British statesman, army officer and writer (see: A History of the English-Speaking Peoples). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1940 - 1945 & 1951 - 1955. Nobel Prize in Literature, 1953.
  • Martin Buber, מרטין בובר‎; (8/2/1878 – 13/6/1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher
  • Franz Kafka (3/7/1883 – 3/6/1924) German-language Jewish novelist who revolutionized thinking and literature of the XX century
  • Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) Jewish German philosopher, historian and educator
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26/4/1889 – 29/4/1951) Austrian-British philosopher
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (26/7/1894 – 22/11/1963) English-American writer and philosopher
  • Sir Karl Raimund Popper (1902 – 1994) Austro-British philosopher
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (21/6/1905 – 15/4/1980) French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic
  • Simone de Beauvoir (9/1/1908 – 14/4/1986) French novelist and philosopher
  • Sir Isaiah Berlin (1909 – 1997) Russian-British philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading thinkers of the twentieth century, and as the dominant liberal scholar of his generation.
  • A.J. Ayers (1910 – 1989) British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, and a Special Operations MI6 agent.
  • Bernard Lewis (born 1916) British-American historian, scholar in Oriental studies
  • Georg Henrik von Wright (14 June 1916 – 16 June 2003) Finnish philosopher, succeeded Wittgenstein as a professor in Cambridge. He focused on analytic philosophy and philosophical logic. He was also interested in moralism and pessimism.

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