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Prominent Historians and Philosophers

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  • Rafael Altamira y Crevea (1866 - 1951)
    En 1933 lo proponen como candidato al premio Nobel de la Paz. Rafael Altamira y Crevea (February 10, 1866 – June 1, 1951) was a Spanish historian and jurist. Born in Alicante, Altamira is ...
  • George Burton Adams (1851 - 1925)
    George Burton Adams (June 3, 1851 – May 26, 1925) was an American medievalist historian who taught at Yale University from 1888 to 1925. He was noted for his written works as well as his 1908 ...
  • Wilbur Cortez Abbott (1869 - 1947)
    Wilbur Cortez Abbott (December 28, 1869 – February 3, 1947) was an American historian and educator, born at Kokomo, Indiana. He graduated from Wabash College in 1892. Afterward, he studied at ...
  • George Foot Moore (1851 - 1931)
    George Foot Moore (October 15, 1851 – May 16, 1931) was an eminent Asian scholar, historian of religion, author, Presbyterian minister, 33rd Degree Mason of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish R...
  • Christopher Eric Hitchens (1949 - 2011)
    Christopher Eric Hitchens (born 13 April 1949) was an English-American author and journalist whose books, essays, and journalistic career span more than four decades. He was an utterly engaging deeply ...

Prominent Historians and Philosophers

Prominent Historians and Philosophers who have made major contributions to our understanding of our world and the human condition.

Selected profiles list by activity period:

Photo: The School of Athens by Raphael

       

BCE

0 – 1000 CE

1000 – 1500

XVI century

XVII century

XVIII century

  • Voltaire (21/11/1694 – 30/5/1778) French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (28/6/1712 – 2/7/1778) Genevan philosopher & writer. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Imanuel Kant (22/4/1724 – 12/2/1804) German philosopher
  • Moses Mendelssohn - משה מנדלסון; (c 6/9/1729 – 4/1/1786) German Jewish philosopher

XIX century

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (28/7/1770 – 14/11/1831) German philosopher, of the German Idealism movement
  • Carlo Cattaneo (1801 - 1869) Italian philosopher and Revolutionary
  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) Danish philosopher and theologian
  • Christiam Mommsen (30/11/1817 – 1/11/1903) German historian and writer; his masterpiece - "The History of Rome". Nobel Prize in Literature 1902.
  • Karl Marx (5/5/1818 – 14/3/1883) German Jewish philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist and writer
  • John Venn (4/8/1834 – 4/4/1923) British logician and philosopher, famous for introducing the Venn diagram.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche (15/10/1844 – 25/8/1900) German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer.

XX century

  • Henri Bergson (18/10/1859 – 4/1/1941) French philosopher. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927.
  • John Dewey (1859 – 1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  • Martin Buber, מרטין בובר‎; (8/2/1878 – 13/6/1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher
  • Franz Kafka (3/7/1883 – 3/6/1924) German-language Jewish novelist who revolutionized thinking and literature of the XX century
  • Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) Jewish German philosopher, historian and educator
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26/4/1889 – 29/4/1951) Austrian-British philosopher
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (26/7/1894 – 22/11/1963) English-American writer and philosopher
  • Sir Karl Raimund Popper (1902 – 1994) Austro-British philosopher
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (21/6/1905 – 15/4/1980) French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic
  • Simone de Beauvoir (9/1/1908 – 14/4/1986) French novelist and philosopher
  • Sir Isaiah Berlin (1909 – 1997) Russian-British philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading thinkers of the twentieth century, and as the dominant liberal scholar of his generation.
  • A.J. Ayers (1910 – 1989) British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, and a Special Operations MI6 agent.
  • Bernard Lewis (born 1916) British-American historian, scholar in Oriental studies

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