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Prominent Historians and Philosophers

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Profiles

  • Matilda Edgar (1844 - 1910)
    Matilda Ridout Edgar (29 September 1844 – 29 September 1910) was a Canadian historian and feminist. She was born Matilda Ridout, became Matilda Edgar by marriage, and became Lady Edgar in 1898 when...
  • Douglas Cole (1938 - 1997)
    ) Douglas Lowell Cole (December 9, 1938 – August 18, 1997) was a Canadian historian specializing in art and cultural history, particularly the cultures of Northwest Pacific Coast. Douglas Cole was ...
  • Gordon Wright (1912 - 2000)
    ) Gordon Wright (April 24, 1912 – January 11, 2000) was an American historian. He focused on modern European history and was the pre-eminent historian on modern French history. He has been recognized...
  • Frederic Austin Bancroft (1860 - 1945)
    Frederic Bancroft (1860 - 1945) was a historian, author, and librarian. Biography He was born in Galesburg, Illinois and was graduated with an A.B. from Amherst College and received a Ph. D. from...
  • William John Cox
    William John (Billy Jack) Cox (born 1941) is an American public interest lawyer, author, philosopher, and political activist.

Prominent Historians and Philosophers

Prominent Historians and Philosophers who have made major contributions to our understanding of our world and the human condition.

Selected profiles list by activity period:

Photo: The School of Athens by Raphael

       

BCE

0 – 1000 CE

1000 – 1500

XVI century

XVII century

XVIII century

  • Voltaire (21/11/1694 – 30/5/1778) French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (28/6/1712 – 2/7/1778) Genevan philosopher & writer. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Imanuel Kant (22/4/1724 – 12/2/1804) German philosopher
  • Moses Mendelssohn - משה מנדלסון; (c 6/9/1729 – 4/1/1786) German Jewish philosopher

XIX century

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (28/7/1770 – 14/11/1831) German philosopher, of the German Idealism movement
  • Carlo Cattaneo (1801 - 1869) Italian philosopher and Revolutionary
  • Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) Danish philosopher and theologian
  • Christiam Mommsen (30/11/1817 – 1/11/1903) German historian and writer; his masterpiece - "The History of Rome". Nobel Prize in Literature 1902.
  • Karl Marx (5/5/1818 – 14/3/1883) German Jewish philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist and writer
  • John Venn (4/8/1834 – 4/4/1923) British logician and philosopher, famous for introducing the Venn diagram.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche (15/10/1844 – 25/8/1900) German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer.

XX century

  • Henri Bergson (18/10/1859 – 4/1/1941) French philosopher. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927.
  • John Dewey (1859 – 1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  • Martin Buber, מרטין בובר‎; (8/2/1878 – 13/6/1965) Austrian-born Jewish philosopher
  • Franz Kafka (3/7/1883 – 3/6/1924) German-language Jewish novelist who revolutionized thinking and literature of the XX century
  • Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929) Jewish German philosopher, historian and educator
  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26/4/1889 – 29/4/1951) Austrian-British philosopher
  • Aldous Leonard Huxley (26/7/1894 – 22/11/1963) English-American writer and philosopher
  • Sir Karl Raimund Popper (1902 – 1994) Austro-British philosopher
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (21/6/1905 – 15/4/1980) French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic
  • Simone de Beauvoir (9/1/1908 – 14/4/1986) French novelist and philosopher
  • Sir Isaiah Berlin (1909 – 1997) Russian-British philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading thinkers of the twentieth century, and as the dominant liberal scholar of his generation.
  • A.J. Ayers (1910 – 1989) British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, and a Special Operations MI6 agent.
  • Bernard Lewis (born 1916) British-American historian, scholar in Oriental studies

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