Gaetano Polidori (1764 - 1853)

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Birthplace: Italy
Death: Died in London, England
Occupation: writer, scholar, translator
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Gaetano Polidori

Gaetano Polidori (1764-1853) was an Italian writer and scholar living in London. He was the son of Agostino Ansano Polidori (1714-78), a physician and poet who lived and practised in his native Bientina, near Pisa, Tuscany.

Polidori studied law at the University of Pisa. He became secretary to the tragedian Vittorio Alfieri in 1785 and remained with him four years.

He came to England from Paris in 1790 after resigning as Alfieri's secretary. He settled in London, working as an Italian teacher.

He translated various literary works into Italian, notably, John Milton's Paradise Lost and Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto, as well as other writings of Milton and Lucan. He wrote prolifically, producing his own fiction, poetry, criticism, and tragedies.

In 1793, he married an English governess, Anna Maria Pierce, and they had four sons and four daughters. His oldest son John William Polidori was a physician to Lord Byron and author of the first vampire story in English, The Vampyre (1819).

His daughter Frances Polidori married exiled Italian scholar Gabriele Rossetti and had four children, Maria Francesca Rossetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Michael Rossetti and Christina Georgina Rossetti.

Gaetano Polidori published a number of works, including some of his own writings. He also set up a private press at his home in London, where amongst other works (mostly his own), he printed the first editions of some poems by his grandchildren, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Christina Rossetti. He also printed an edition of the poem Osteologia, which his father Agostino Ansano Polidori had written in 1763.

He retired to a house in Holmer Green, Buckinghamshire in 1836.

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Gaetano Polidori's Timeline

1764
1764
Italy
1794
1794
Age 30
Middlesex, england
1795
1795
Age 31
1800
April 27, 1800
Age 36
1804
1804
Age 40
Middlesex, England
1808
1808
Age 44
Middlesex, england
1810
1810
Age 46
London, England
1853
1853
Age 89
London, England
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