Hans Christoffel Snyman, SV/PROG

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Hans Christoffel Snyman (Schneider), SV/PROG

Nicknames: "Hans Christoffel Snijder", "Hans Christoffel Schneider", "Scneider"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
Death: Died in South Africa
Immediate Family:

Partner of Catharina van Paliacatta, SM/PROG
Father of Christoffel Snyman

Occupation: Soldier
Managed by: Linda Smit
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Hans Christoffel Snyman (Schneider), SV/PROG

Emigration: 21 Feb 1657 Heidelberg, , Baden-Wèurttemberg, Germany as soldier on the ship "Prins Willem" Source: My People Puzzle

http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g5/p5247.htm

Hans Christoffel (Christoph) Snijder (Schneider/Snijman) a. as soldaat v. Heidelberg, Rynse-Palts, Duitsland voor 1665, na Robbeneiland verban, geen rekord gevind na 1668, het voorkind gehad by Catharina, vrygestelde kompanjieslavin, v. Paliacatta, provinsie Dravida, Indië (ook bekend as Groote Catrijn en Catharina v. Bengale) a. 21.2.1657 aan boord Prins Willem, bej. » Kaapstad 29.4.1668. Catharina x Kaapstad 20.12.1671 Anthonij v. Bengale (ook bekend as Anthonij v. Japan en Anthonij de Chinees) bej. » Kaapstad 12.9.1670 eerste “vryswarte” wat eiendom besit in Tafelvallei † c. 1682. Met die uitsondering v. Christoffel, sterf die hele gesin in ‘n tragedie tussen Des. 1682 en Feb. 1683

First name variants: Christoffel / Christoph

Surname variants: Schneider / Snijder / Snijman / Snyman

Hans Christoffel Snijder (this is the Dutch version of Schneider) also known as Snijman from Heidelberg in the Palatinate was a soldier in the VOC garrison convicted and banished to Robben Island on 30th July 1667 for not standing guard - instead he had been sleeping on a regular basis with Groote Catrijn - washerwoman at the Fort to successive commanders. Thereafter, Snijders disappears from the records at the Cape.

On instructions from the Council of India, Groote Catrijn was again pardoned.

Christoffel Snyman who was baptised on 9 March 1669. (Christoffel became the stamvader of the Snyman family in Southern Africa).

The Snyman family traces its lineage back to Christoffel Snyman, son of Catharina van Palicatte. Her husband was Anthonij van Bengale, but Christoffel’s father appears to have been Christoph Schneider (known at the Cape as Christoffel Snyman), who came from Heidelberg, in Germany. The younger Christoffel probably married Marguerite de Savoye in 1789, and died before 1707.

“But these Snymans are also direct descendants of the Voortrekkers.

“This generation’s direct forefathers were a) Andries Hendrik Potgieter, the Voortrekker leader, and b) Commandant Jan Viljoen, the great hunter-explorer – who is reputed to be (in family legend) the discoverer of the Victoria Falls and told Livingstone about them. His farm was Vergenoeg in the Zeerust district, still owned by the Viljoen family.

“The Snymans made their original (and lost) fortune) with their wagon-trains taking produce and goods between East London and the interior.

“In these arms the yoke also refers to the yoke of Christ which I bear as a priest in Christ’s Church. Surmounting the yoke is a a dove (gules) reminding all that this priesthood is under, inspired and strengthened by God the Holy Spirit. The symbol of the Holy Spirit is always a dove. The Holy Spirit was ‘poured out’ at Pentecost in tongues of flame, so this dove is red.


“The shield displays the arms of the Snyman family as an inescutcheon upon the arms of the Viljoen family.

“These two families were bound up together through the common female progenitor, Marguerite Thérèse de Savoye, widow Snyman. She is the first African female forebear of all the Snymans. Then, in her widowhood, she and her eldest daughter, Catharina, became progenitors of all the Viljoens – by marrying the two brothers Henning and Johannes Viljoen of Great Ida’s Valley near Stellenbosch.

“Note that the Snyman arms contain an arm holding a sickle. This is again a symbol of farming stock. The Snymans were farmers who cut the corn and harvested the crops on their farms. They were the men who cut or reaped their crops, and were indeed ‘cut-men’ or ‘sny-mans’.

“The term ‘issuing from a cloud’ may mean: ‘Their ancestry is shrouded in mystery,’ or ‘The family were blessed in their coming to Southern Africa,’ or ‘They were very devout and religious family,’ or even that ‘their farming was prosperous’ or heavenly blessed.”

Regarding the motto, he writes:

“The source is unsure, but comes from the Vulgate Latin version of St Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 13:5, which states that (Christian) love ‘is not arrogant’.

“The Latin ‘Non Agit Perperam’ can be strictly translated as ‘He does not carry arrogance’. The motto is both a statement and challenge to the bearer of these arms: ‘He is not arrogant.’”

--------------------

First name variants: Christoffel / Christoph

Surname variants: Schneider / Snijder / Snijman / Snyman

Hans Christoffel Snijder (this is the Dutch version of Schneider) also known as Snijman from Heidelberg in the Palatinate was a soldier in the VOC garrison convicted and banished to Robben Island on 30th July 1667 for not standing guard - instead he had been sleeping on a regular basis with Groote Catrijn - washerwoman at the Fort to successive commanders. Thereafter, Snijders disappears from the records at the Cape.

On instructions from the Council of India, Groote Catrijn was again pardoned.

fel Snyman who was baptised on 9 March 1669. (Christoffel became the stamvader of the Snyman family in Southern Africa).

The Snyman family traces its lineage back to Christoffel Snyman, son of Catharina van Palicatte. Her husband was Anthonij van Bengale, but Christoffel’s father appears to have been Christoph Schneider (known at the Cape as Christoffel Snyman), who came from Heidelberg, in Germany. The younger Christoffel probably married Marguerite de Savoye in 1789, and died before 1707.

“But these Snymans are also direct descendants of the Voortrekkers.

“This generation’s direct forefathers were a) Andries Hendrik Potgieter, the Voortrekker leader, and b) Commandant Jan Viljoen, the great hunter-explorer – who is reputed to be (in family legend) the discoverer of the Victoria Falls and told Livingstone about them. His farm was Vergenoeg in the Zeerust district, still owned by the Viljoen family.

“The Snymans made their original (and lost) fortune) with their wagon-trains taking produce and goods between East London and the interior.

“In these arms the yoke also refers to the yoke of Christ which I bear as a priest in Christ’s Church. Surmounting the yoke is a a dove (gules) reminding all that this priesthood is under, inspired and strengthened by God the Holy Spirit. The symbol of the Holy Spirit is always a dove. The Holy Spirit was ‘poured out’ at Pentecost in tongues of flame, so this dove is red.

“The shield displays the arms of the Snyman family as an inescutcheon upon the arms of the Viljoen family.

“These two families were bound up together through the common female progenitor, Marguerite Thérèse de Savoye, widow Snyman. She is the first African female forebear of all the Snymans. Then, in her widowhood, she and her eldest daughter, Catharina, became progenitors of all the Viljoens – by marrying the two brothers Henning and Johannes Viljoen of Great Ida’s Valley near Stellenbosch.

“Note that the Snyman arms contain an arm holding a sickle. This is again a symbol of farming stock. The Snymans were farmers who cut the corn and harvested the crops on their farms. They were the men who cut or reaped their crops, and were indeed ‘cut-men’ or ‘sny-mans’.

“The term ‘issuing from a cloud’ may mean: ‘Their ancestry is shrouded in mystery,’ or ‘The family were blessed in their coming to Southern Africa,’ or ‘They were very devout and religious family,’ or even that ‘their farming was prosperous’ or heavenly blessed.”

Regarding the motto, he writes:

“The source is unsure, but comes from the Vulgate Latin version of St Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 13:5, which states that (Christian) love ‘is not arrogant’.

“The Latin ‘Non Agit Perperam’ can be strictly translated as ‘He does not carry arrogance’. The motto is both a statement and challenge to the bearer of these arms: ‘He is not arrogant.’

-------------------- Christoffel SNIJMAN was gedoop 9 Maart 1669, sy vader was Hans Christoffel Snijman 'n soldaat by die Kaap. Sy vader het 'n skelm verhouding gehad met die slaafin Catharina van Bengale, sy was ook bekend as Groote Catrijn (Kyk ook onder haar inskrywing). Sy vader is toe na Robben eiland gestuur op die 30 Julie 1667. Christoffel se moeder was hierdie Catharina van Bengale.

In 'n brief van die owerheid 6 Januarie 1672 word daar melding gemaak dat Groot Catrijn vrygestel was.

Sy moeder trou later met die vryswarte Anthony (Jansz) (de Later) van Bengale, wat toe sy stiefvader was. Baie mense maak die fout om te dink dat sy stiefvader sy vader was. Daar moes 'n tragedie plaas gevind het want die hele familie is ewe skielik oorlede tussen Desember 1682 en Februarie 1683, behalwe Christoffel.

Christoffel was een van die min manlike halfslag slawe wat in die witgemeenskap ingetrou het. Christoffel trou in Julie 1689 met Margaretha Therese DE SAVOYE sy was van Gent, Vlaandere. Haar ouers was Jacques de Savoije en Christine du Pont (korrekte ouers gekry van Jean le Roux) , sommige gepubliseerde inligting verkeerdelike gee haar moeder as Marie Madeleine de Klerk.

Hulle het nege kinders gehad: b1 Jacobus Christoffel Snyman, ged 10.12.1690 (jonk oorlede?) b2 Catharina Snyman, ged 27.1.1692 x Johannes Viljoen b3 Maria Magdelana Snyman, ged 9.8.1693, x 15 Des 1710 Theunis Botha b4 Christina Snyman, ged 22.7.1695 x Jeremias Roux b5 Elsie Snyman, ged 1.8.1697 x 22 Okt 1713 Jacobus Botha b6 Johanna Snyman, ged 25.10.1699 x 7 Feb 1717 Anthonie Lombard b7 Philippus Snyman, ged 24.7.1701 x 14 Apr 1726 Johanna Margaretha van Deventer b8 Susanna Snyman, ged 28.10.1703 x Jacob Coetzer b9 Elisabeth Snyman, ged 21.3.1706, oorlede 18 Maart 1758 x Jan Hendrik van Helsdingen Christoffel Snyman het in 1692 geboer in vennootskap met Ernst Friedrich Walter. Hy het geboer op die plaas Sandvliet in Groot Drakenstein. Christoffel Snyman het in 1706 gesterwe. Margaretha Therese DE SAVOYE trou toe met Henning Viljoen.

Bronne: Inligting van Danie Viljoen Mansell Upham, "In Hevigen Woede", Capensis Inligting van Jean le Roux

Saamgestel deur: AM van Rensburg

Catharina van Bengale / Groot Catrijn ..... Snyman connection. (article taken from the internet)

Groot Catrijn, was also known as Catharina van Bengale. She was a slave woman from Paliacatte, on the Coromandel Coast, India. She was born about 1631 and died about 1683. She was a slave in Batavia to the free woman Maria Magdalena (we don't know whether she had a surname).

Catrijn was sexually assaulted on 8 October 1656 by her lover, the slave Claes van Malabar, in a stable at Fort Rijswijck. In the altercation, she hit Claes with a ladder across his stomach. Claes died four days later due to a burst bladder from the blow he received. Catharine then faced charges of murder and received the death sentence. She was however pardoned, being banished as a slave to the Cape. She arrived at the Cape on 21 February 1657 on the ship Prins Willem. This ship was part of the return fleet which left Batavia on 4 December 1656. Catrijn was the first recorded female slave convict at the Cape.

Groote Cathrijn then gets baptised as an adult with her fellow slave friend Mooij Ansela on 29 April 1668.

The soldier Hans Christoffel Snijman had a relationship with Groot Catrijn who was a slave woman. From this relationship was born Christoffel Snijman. Christoffel Snyman was baptised on 9 March 1669.

Groot Catrijn later got married the free black (mardijker) Anthonij (Jansz) (de Later) van BENGALE on 20th December 1671. In a letter dated 6 January 1672 it is mentioned that Groot Catrijn was freely pardoned. A tragedy must have taken place since the whole family died between December 1682 and February 1683, the only one who did not die was Christoffel Snijman. Many people wrongly consider the father of Snijman to be this free black, but he was the stepfather. Christoffel is the stamvader of the Snyman family.

Groote Catrijn FROM BENGALS Born: Cir 1631, Paliacatta, Dravida, India Christened: 29 Apr 1668, Cape Town Unmarried (1): Pieter EVERAERTS (Stamvader) Unmarried (2): Unknown UNKNOWN Unmarried (3): Hans Christoph SNIJDER (Stamvader) Marriage (4): Anthonij Jansz FROM BENGALS on 20 Dec 1671 in Cape Town Died: Between Dec 1682 and Feb 1683, Cape Town about age 51

General Notes: Groote Catrijn was charged with the murder of Claes from Malabar on 8 Oct 1656 in Batavia (Jakarta, island of Java, Indonesia). She hit Claes with an angular hay ladder and hit him until his bladder burst. He died during the night of 11/12 Oct 1656.

On 16 Nov 1656 Groote Catrijn was sentenced to be tied to a stake and strangled until she died.

On 18 Nov 1656 the Governor-General, Joan Maetsuyeker, reviewed the case and found that Groote Catrijn had been sexually abused by Claes and she was pardoned. She was however banned from Batavia and sentenced to work as a company slave in the Cape of Good Hope for the rest of her natural life.

Noted events in her life were: • Residence, 1656, Batavia. • Emigration: as slave on the ship "Prins Willem", 21 Feb 1657, Paliacatta, Dravida, India.

Groote had a relationship with Pieter EVERAERTS (Stamvader). (Pieter EVERAERTS (Stamvader) died in Mar 1664 and was buried on 17 Mar 1664 in Cape Town.)

Groote also had a relationship with Unknown UNKNOWN.

Groote also had a relationship with Hans Christoph SNIJDER (Stamvader). (Hans Christoph SNIJDER (Stamvader) died circa 1668 in Robben Island, Cape Town.)

Groote next married Anthonij Jansz FROM BENGALS on 20 Dec 1671 in Cape Town. (Anthonij Jansz FROM BENGALS was born circa 1650 in Bengals, India, christened on 12 Sep 1670 in Cape Town and died in Dec 1682 in Cape Town.)

--------------------

German born VOC soldier banned to Robben Eiland,had extra-marital relationship with Catharina van Paliacatta,a VOC slave,probably a Tamil[south Indian]. [Heese: Groep Sonder Grense]

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1. Mansell Upham, "In Hevigen Woede . . . Earliest recorded female bandiet at the Cape of Good Hope - A Study in Upward Mobility", Capensis (In Hevigen Woede) 3/97, 4/97, Western Cape Branch, Genealogical Society of South Africa, (1997): Hans Christoffel Snijman (also found as Hans Christoffel Snijder or Schneider) hailed from Heidelberg in the Palatinate and is first mentioned in the records as a soldier under the Chamber of Rotterdam in 1665 together with Arnoldus Willemsz. Date estimated by compiler. Hereinafter cited as "In Hevigen Woede . . ."

2. Mansell Upham, "In Hevigen Woede . . .", Regular nocturnal activity on the part of a distracted sentry inside the living quarters of the Fort's washerwoman - the Company slave familiarly known to all as Groote Catrijn - resulted in the conviction on 30 July 1667 of Hans Christoffel Snijman

3. Mansell Upham, "In Hevigen Woede . . .", Groote Catrijn's illegitimate son was baptised Christoffel on 9 March 1669 and witnessed by Mooij Ansela The child's paternity was no secret. He was named directly after the father. Throughout his life he identified himself by his father's surname, as did his own children.

Basically Hans Christoffel Schneider was a soldier in the employ of the VOC and was a sentry on Robben Island. He slept with one of the inmates, Groote Catrijn and made her pregnant. He was charged with damaging company property and deported back to Europe. Groote Catrijn then later married Anthonij Janz van Bengale. The child was looked after by this couple and baptized with his father's name, derived from Schneider, NOT van Bengale, who was his stepfather. GJ Westermann

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Hans Christoffel Snyman, SV/PROG's Timeline

1645
1645
Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
1669
March 9, 1669
Age 24
Cape of Good Hope
1683
1683
Age 38
South Africa