Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

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Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
Death: Died in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Abbey Church, St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Husband of Eleanor Percy, Countess of Northumberland
Father of Joan Percy, Nun; John Percy; Eleanor West, Lady; Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland; Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont and 8 others
Brother of Elizabeth Percy, Countess of Westmoreland; Margaret Cliford; Matilda Percy; Thomas Percy, Baron Egremont; Anne de Percy and 1 other

Occupation: 2nd Earl of Northumberland. Killed in 1st battle of War of the Roses, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English Nobleman, Military Commander
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

  • Sir Henry Percy, 5th Lord Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, Constable of England1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20
  • M, #12913, b. 3 February 1393, d. 22 May 1455
  • Father Sir Henry 'Harry Hotspur' Percy, Justice of Chester, North Wales, & Flintshire21,22,23 b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
  • Mother Elizabeth Mortimer21,22,23 b. 12 Feb 1371, d. 20 Apr 1417
  • Sir Henry Percy, 5th Lord Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, Constable of England Warden of the Marches of Scotland. He was born on 3 February 1393 at of Warkworth, Northumberland, England; Age 22 in 1417.3,11,19 He married Eleanor Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville, 1st Earl Westmoreland, 4th Baron Neville and Joan Beaufort, between 28 February 1416 and 18 March 1416 at Berwick, Northumberland, England; They had 9 sons (Sir Henry, 6th Earl of Northumberland, 6th Lord Percy; William, Bishop of Carlisle; Sir Richard; George, Rector of Rothbury; John; Sir Thomas, Lord Egremont; Sir Ralph; John; & Henry) and 3 daughters (Joan; Katherine, wife of Sir Edmund, 4th Lord Grey of Ruthin & 1st Earl of Kent; & Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Hungerford, of Sir Laurence Raynesford, & of Sir Hugh Vaughan).24,3,5,6,9,10,11,13,14,15,17,18,19 Sir Henry Percy, 5th Lord Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, Constable of England died on 22 May 1455 at 1st Battle of St. Albans, St. Albans, at age 62; Buried in the Lady Chapel, St. Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire.3,11,19
  • Family Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. c 1473
  • Children
    • Sir Ralph Percy, Seneschal at Alnwick+ d. 25 Apr 1464
    • Eleanor Percy
    • Sir Henry Percy, 3rd Earl Northumberland, 6th Lord Percy+3,11,19 b. 25 Jul 1421, d. 29 Mar 1461
    • Sir Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont b. 29 Nov 1422, d. 10 Jul 1460
    • Katherine Percy+3,25,6,7,11,12,15,16,19,20 b. 28 May 1423, d. bt 2 May 1493 - 17 Oct 1493
    • Sir Richard Percy b. c 1427, d. 29 Mar 1461
    • Anne Percy+26,3,4,8,9,11,13,17,19 b. c 1440, d. 5 Jul 1522
  • Citations
  • 1.[S3638] Unknown author, Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, by F. L. Weis, 4th Ed., p. 55; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1875.
  • 2.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IX, p. 715.
  • 3.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 578-579.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 564.
  • 5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 78.
  • 6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 278-279.
  • 7.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 285.
  • 8.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 372-373.
  • 9.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 431-432.
  • 10.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 249.
  • 11.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 343-344.
  • 12.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 348-349.
  • 13.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 349-351.
  • 14.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 455.
  • 15.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 130-131.
  • 16.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 140.
  • 17.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 362-363.
  • 18.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 236.
  • 19.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 356.
  • 20.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 374-375.
  • 21.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 577-578.
  • 22.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 341-342.
  • 23.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 354-355.
  • 24.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 540-544.
  • 25.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 622.
  • 26.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 409.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p430.htm#i12913

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  • Henry de Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland1
  • M, #107252, b. 3 February 1392/93, d. 22 May 1455
  • Last Edited=3 Apr 2013
  • Henry de Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland was born on 3 February 1392/93 at Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England.2 He was the son of Sir Henry Percy, Lord Percy and Elizabeth de Mortimer.1 He married Lady Eleanor de Neville, daughter of Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Lady Joan de Beaufort, after October 1414 at Alnwick, Northumberland, England.3 He died on 22 May 1455 at age 62 at St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, killed in action. He was buried at Abbey of St. Albans, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.4
  • He held the office of Lord High Constable [England]. He was created 1st Earl of Northumberland [England] on 16 March 1415/16.5,6 He fought in the First Battle of St. Albans on 22 May 1455.
  • Children of Henry de Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and Lady Eleanor de Neville
    • 1.Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland+ b. 25 Jul 1421, d. 29 Mar 1461
    • 2.Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont7 b. 29 Nov 1422, d. 10 Jul 1460
    • 3.Lady Catherine Percy+8 b. 28 May 1423
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 95. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
  • 2.[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
  • 3.[S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 17. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
  • 4.[S1545] Mitchell Adams, "re: West Ancestors," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 6 December 2005 - 19 June 2009. Hereinafter cited as "re: West Ancestors."
  • 5.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 96.
  • 6.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IX, page 715. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 7.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume V, page 33.
  • 8.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 180.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10726.htm#i107252

____________________

  • Henry PERCY (2º E. Northumberland)
  • Born: 3 Feb 1393, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Died: 22 May 1455, St. Albans, Kent, England
  • Buried: Abbey Church, St. Albans
  • Notes: Killed in battle.
  • Father: Henry "Hotspur" PERCY (B. Percy)
  • Mother: Elizabeth MORTIMER
  • Married: Eleanor NEVILLE (C. Northumberland) AFT Oct 1414, Berwick, Wiltshire, England
  • Children:
    • 1. Henry PERCY (3º E. Northumberland)
    • 2. Thomas PERCY (1º B. Egremont)
    • 3. Catherine PERCY (C. Kent)
    • 4. Richard PERCY
    • 5. Anne PERCY
    • 6. Joan PERCY
    • 7. Ralph PERCY (Sir)
    • 8. William PERCY (Bishop of Carlisle)
    • 9. John PERCY (b. 8 Jul 1418)
    • 10. George PERCY
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PERCY.htm#Henry PERCY (2º E. Northumberland)

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  • Pearce genealogy, being the record of the posterity of Richard Pearce, an early inhabitant of Portsmouth, in Rhode Island, who came from England, and whose genealogy is traced back to 972. With an introduction of the male descendants of Josceline de Louvaine .. (1888)
  • http://archive.org/details/pearcegenealogyb00pier
  • http://archive.org/stream/pearcegenealogyb00pier#page/36/mode/1up
  • From the foregoing historical sketch of the English branch of the Percies it will be seen that Peter17 Percy* was son of Ralph16 Percy; he (Peter17) was born in 1447 and his descent is as follows from the first ancestor: Galfred1, William2, Alan3, William4, William5, Agnes6, Henry7, William8, Henry9, Henry10, Henry11, Henry12, Henry13, Henry14, Henry15, Ralph16.
  • Peter17 Percy had a son Richard18. The father was standard bearer to Richard the Third at the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
  • Richard18 founded Pearce Hall in York, England, where he lived and died leaving an eldest son Richard19, Jr.
  • Richard19, Jr. resided on the homestead of his father and had two sons Richard20, Jr., b. 1590, and William20. It was at this time that the spelling of the name in this branch was changed from Percy to Pearce.
  • Richard20 Pearce, Jr. (Richard19) b. 1590 m. in England Martha ---- .
  • He resided in Bristol, England, and came to America in the ship "Lyons" from that place. His brother, Capt. William Pearce, was master of the ship. Children: .... etc.

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Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (3 February 1393 – 22 May 1455) was an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. Father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1405 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland.

In the following years, Northumberland occasionally served with the king in France, but his main occupation was the protection of the border to Scotland. At the same time, a feud with the Neville family was developing, particularly with Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury . This feud became entangled with the conflict between the Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset over control of national government. The conflict culminated in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, at St Albans, where both Somerset and Northumberland were killed.

Family background

Henry Percy was the son of another Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", and Elizabeth Mortimer. Elizabeth was the daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa , granddaughter of Edward III. Hotspur's father – the young Henry's grandfather – was also called Henry Percy, and in 1377 became the first of the Percy family to hold the title of Earl of Northumberland. Both Hotspur and his father were early and active supporters of Henry Bolingbroke, who usurped the throne from Richard II in 1399, and became King Henry IV. They were initially richly rewarded, but soon grew disillusioned with the new regime. Hotspur rose up in rebellion, and was killed at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403.

Earl Henry was not present at the battle, but there is little doubt that he participated in the rebellion. After a short imprisonment, he was pardoned, and in June 1404 he delivered his grandson into the king's custody at Doncaster. By May 1405, however, the earl was involved in another rebellion. His plans failed, and he was forced to flee to Scotland, taking his grandson with him. The following years were marked by an itinerant life and further plotting, while the young Henry remained in the custody of the Duke of Albany. On 19 February 1405, the first earl of Northumberland was killed in the Battle of Bramham Moor , leaving the young Henry Percy as heir apparent to the earldom. Henry remained in Scotland until the accession of Henry V in 1413, when he tried to claim his grandfather's title. His cause was aided by the king's aunt, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland , who arranged his marriage to her daughter Eleanor. It was in Henry V's interest to reconcile with the Percys, with their vast network in the north of England; in 1416 Henry Percy was created Earl of Northumberland. Service to the king

Northumberland served occasionally in Henry V's wars in France over the following years. He joined the king on an expedition to the Continent in 1416, and sent a minor contingent of soldiers the next year. His main task, however, was the defence of the Scottish Borders, and on 16 December 1416 he was appointed Warden of the East March. In late August 1417, the Scots invaded northern England; while Albany laid siege to Berwick Castle, the Earl of Douglas attempted to take Roxburgh Castle. Percy lifted the siege of Berwick, and forced both Albany and Douglas across the border. At the same time, he was also involved in national political affairs, and acted as steward at the coronation of Henry's queen Catherine on 24 February 1421.

When Henry V died in 1422, Northumberland was appointed member of the council appointed to govern during the minority of Henry VI. He might have been involved in an embassy to the Council of Siena in 1423, but still his main area of responsibility lay in the border region. In the council, he seems to have belonged to the circle around Bishop Henry Beaufort, and he followed Beaufort – now cardinal – to peace negotiations at Berwick in 1429. As Warden of the East March, he was constantly occupied with peace negotiations and defence of northern England, but his efforts were constantly frustrated, and in 1434 he resigned his commission. The next year, Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, equally exasperated by the lack of royal support, gave up his commission as Warden of the West March. Northumberland was appointed joint warden with the earl of Huntingdon of both marches for one year, during which time, although suffering defeat by the Earl of Angus at the Battle of Piperdean, he was able to repel a siege on Roxburgh by James I of Scotland. In 1440 he was once more appointed Warden of the West March, and this time held the position until his death.

Feud with Neville family

Initially, Northumberland's relations with the other great northern family, the Nevilles , were friendly. He was already connected to the Neville earls of Westmorland through his marriage with Eleanor Neville, and in 1426 he married his sister Elizabeth off to the young Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland. In the early 1440s, Northumberland was involved in other disputes. A conflict over land with the archbishop of York escalated into open violence. The king intervened on the archbishop's side, though Northumberland remained in favour at court. Nevertheless, he spent less time involved in central affairs at Westminster in the later 1440s.

In the early 1450s, the relationship between the Percy family and Salisbury – who belonged to a cadet branch of the Westmorland Neville family – started to deteriorate. What triggered the conflict was the marriage between Salisbury's son Thomas and Maud Stanhope, niece and heiress of Lord Cromwell. By this marriage Wressle Castle, which had traditionally been in the possession of the Percy family, would pass to the Nevilles. At the same time, the Neville-Cromwell wedding had led Huntingdon (now Duke of Exeter) to join the cause of the Percys, because of a territorial dispute with Cromwell. Northumberland himself, who was nearing sixty, did not take action at the time, but one of his younger sons did. Thomas Percy had been created Baron Egremont in 1449, relating to his possessions in the Neville-dominated county of Cumberland. On 24 August 1453, Thomas attacked the Neville-Cromwell wedding party at Heworth near York with a force of over 700 men. No one was killed in the skirmish, and the wedding party escaped intact.

The conflict, however, continued over the following years. On 8 October, Northumberland and Salisbury were summoned to court and ordered to end the conflict, but the warnings were ignored. Instead, the collective forces of the Percy and Neville families gathered at their Yorkshire strongholds of Topcliffe,_North_Yorkshire and Sand Hutton respectively, only a few miles apart. Both sides had ignored royal commands to disband, and battle seemed inevitable, but eventually a truce ensued and the forces withdrew. Then, in October 1454, Thomas Percy and his brother Richard were captured by the Nevilles in a battle at Stamford Bridge,_East_Riding_of_Yorkshire. The conflict was escalating, and converging with events in national politics.

Towards civil war

Discontent was brewing in England against the personal rule of Henry VI, who had been declared of age in 1437. The main antagonists were Richard, Duke of York , and Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset. Somerset enjoyed great influence over the king, but after Henry had been incapacitated by mental illness in 1453, York was appointed protector in 1454. The Nevilles were by this time closely associated with York, so the natural option for Northumberland was to side with Somerset and the king. Attempts were made to reconcile Northumberland and Salisbury in the north, but little was accomplished. In December, the king rallied sufficiently to resume control of government, and York's protectorate was terminated. With Somerset back at the centre of power, civil war seemed imminent.

In May 1455, Northumberland was travelling with the king and Somerset to a great council at Leicester, when the party was intercepted by York and the Nevilles. On 22 May 1455, at the First Battle of St Albans, the royal forces clashed with the forces loyal to the Duke of York, in what has been described as the first battle of the Wars of the Roses. The battle was a complete victory for the Yorkist side, and led to another reversal of the political situation. The king was taken captive, and Somerset was killed. Northumberland was also among the casualties, and was buried at the nearby St Albans Abbey. A suggestion made by a contemporary chronicler, and supported by modern-day historians, said that the true purpose of the battle was to settle personal scores. Once York and Salisbury had killed Somerset and Northumberland respectively, the battle was effectively over.

Estates and family

The Percy estates were primarily located in the northern counties of Yorkshire , Northumberland, and Cumberland. Even though the title was restored in 1416, and the Percy estates were officially regranted, this did not mean the immediate return of all the family possessions. Protracted legal battles followed, particularly with John, Duke of Bedford. Even at the time of his death, Northumberland had not recovered all the estates once held by his grandfather.

Northumberland's marriage to Eleanor Neville produced at least ten children. Henry Percy was succeeded by his son Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, who himself died fighting in the Wars of the Roses, at the Battle of Towton on 29 March 1461.

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  • Sir Henry Percy KG (20 May 1364 – 21 July 1403), commonly known as Sir Harry Hotspur, or simply Hotspur, was a late medieval English nobleman. He was known as one of the most valiant knights of his day, and was a significant captain during the Anglo-Scottish wars. He later led successive rebellions against Henry IV of England, and was slain at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 at the height of his career.
  • Henry Percy was born 20 May 1364 at Alnwick Castle in Northumberland, the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph de Neville, 2nd Lord Neville of Raby, and Alice de Audley.[1] He was knighted by King Edward III in April 1377.[2] In 1380 he was in Ireland with the Earl of March,[3] and in 1383 travelled in Prussia.[4] He was appointed warden of the east march either on 30 July 1384 or in May 1385,[4] and in 1385 accompanied Richard II on an expedition into Scotland.[1] 'As a tribute to his speed in advance and readiness to attack' on the Scottish borders, the Scots bestowed on him the name 'Haatspore'.[2] In April 1386 he was sent to France to reinforce the garrison at Calais, and led raids into Picardy. Between August and October 1387 he was in command of a naval force in an attempt to relieve the siege of Brest.[4] In appreciation of these military endeavours he was made a Knight of the Garter in 1388.[4] Reappointed as warden of the east march, he commanded the English forces against James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas, at the Battle of Otterburn on 10 August 1388, where he was captured, but soon ransomed for a fee of 7000 marks.[2]
  • During the next few years Percy's reputation continued to grow. He was sent on a diplomatic mission to Cyprus in June 1393, and appointed deputy to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, in the Duchy of Aquitaine.[2] He returned to England in January 1395, taking part in Richard II's expedition to Ireland, and was back in Aquitaine the following autumn. In the summer of 1396 he was again in Calais.[3]
  • His military and diplomatic service brought Percy substantial marks of royal favour in the form of grants and appointments,[4] but despite this the Percy family determined to support Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV, on his return from exile in June 1399. Percy and his father joined Bolingbroke's forces at Doncaster, and marched south with them. After King Richard's deposition, Percy and his father were 'lavishly rewarded' with lands and offices.[3]
  • Under the new king, Percy had extensive civil and military responsibility in both the east march towards Scotland and in north Wales, where he was appointed High Sheriff of Flintshire in 1399. He was however under increasing pressure in north Wales as a result of the rebellion of Owain Glyn Dwr. In March 1402 Henry IV appointed Percy royal lieutenant in north Wales, and on 14 September 1402 Percy, his father, and the Earl of Dunbar and March were victorious against a Scottish force at the Battle of Homildon Hill, taking prisoner among others Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas.[1]
  • The Percys had become increasingly discontented with Henry IV, however. Among their grievances was the King's failure to pay the wages due to them for defending the Scottish border, his favour towards Dunbar, his demand that the Percys hand over their Scottish prisoners, his failure to put an end to Owain Glyn Dwr's rebellion through a negotiated settlement, his increasing promotion of his son Prince Henry's military authority in Wales, and his failure to ransom the Percys' kinsman, Henry Percy's brother-in-law, Sir Edmund Mortimer (1376–1409), whom the Welsh had captured in June 1402, and who had a claim to the crown as the grandson of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, second surviving son of King Edward III.[5]
  • Spurred on by these grievances, in the summer of 1403 the Percys rebelled and took up arms against the King. According to Bean, it is clear that the Percys were in collusion with Glyndwr. On his return to England shortly after the victory at Homildon Hill, Henry Percy issued proclamations in Cheshire accusing the King of 'tyrannical government'.[3] Joined by his uncle, Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, he marched to Shrewsbury where he intended to do battle against a force there under the command of the Prince of Wales. However the army of his father, Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland was, for reasons never fully explained, slow to move south as well, and it was without Northumberland's assistance that Henry Percy and Worcester arrived at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403, where they found the King with a large army. The ensuing battle was fierce, with heavy casualties on both sides, but when Henry Percy himself was struck down and killed, his own forces fled.[3] The Earl of Worcester was executed two days later.[6]
  • King Henry, upon being brought Percy's body after the battle, is said to have wept. The body was taken by Thomas Neville, 5th Baron Furnivall (d.1407), to Whitchurch, Shropshire for burial; however when rumours circulated that Percy was still alive, the King 'had the corpse exhumed and displayed it, propped upright between two millstones, in the market place at Shrewsbury'.[3] That done, the King dispatched Percy's head to York, where it was impaled on one of the city's gates; his four-quarters were sent to London, Newcastle upon Tyne, Bristol, and Chester before they were finally delivered to his widow. She had him buried in York Minster in November of that year.[7] In January 1404, Percy was posthumously declared a traitor, and his lands were forfeited to the Crown.[citation needed]
  • Henry Percy married Elizabeth Mortimer, the eldest daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, and his wife, Philippa, the only child of Lionel, 1st Duke of Clarence, and Elizabeth de Burgh, Countess of Ulster,[8] and by her had two children:
    • Henry 3 February 1393 – 22 May 1455 2nd Earl of Northumberland; married Eleanor Neville, by whom he had issue. He was slain at the First Battle of St Albans during the Wars of the Roses.[9]
    • Elizabeth c.1395 – 26 October 1436 Married firstly John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, slain at the Siege of Meaux on 13 March 1422, by whom she had issue, and secondly Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland (d. 3 November 1484), by whom she had a son, Sir John Neville.[10]
  • Sometime after 3 June 1406 Elizabeth Mortimer married as her second husband, Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys, by whom she had a son, Sir Roger Camoys.[11] Thomas Camoys distinguished himself as a soldier in command of the rearguard of the English army at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415.[12]
  • Henry Percy, 'Hotspur', is one of Shakespeare's best-known characters. In Henry IV, Part 1 Percy is portrayed as the same age as his rival, Prince Hal, by whom he is slain in single combat. In fact he was 23 years older than Prince Hal, the future King Henry V, who was a youth of 16 at the date of the Battle of Shrewsbury.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Hotspur_Percy

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  • Sir Henry de Percy
  • Birth: Feb. 3, 1391 Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Death: May 22, 1455 St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
  • Henry de Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland was the son of Sir Henry Percy, Lord Percy and Elizabeth de Mortimer. He married Lady Eleanor de Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Lady Joan de Beaufort, after October 1414 Alnwick, Northumberland, England. He died on 22 May 1455 at age 63 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, killed in action. He was buried St. Albans Abbey, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.
  • Henry held the office of Lord High Constable . He was created 1st Earl of Northumberland on 16 March 1415/16.
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • Henry Percy (1364 - 1403)
  • Elizabeth Mortimer De Camoys (1371 - 1417)
  • Spouse:
  • Eleanor de Neville de Percy (1398 - 1472)*
  • Children:
    • Henry Percy (1421 - 1461)*
    • George Percy (1424 - 1474)*
    • Ann Percy Vaughan (1428 - 1522)*
  • Siblings:
  • Alice Phillippa Camoys Hastings (____ - 1455)**
  • Henry de Percy (1391 - 1455)
  • Elizabeth de Percy Clifford (1395 - 1436)*
  • **Half-sibling
  • Burial: Saint Albans Cathedral , St Albans, St Albans District, Hertfordshire, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 86133703
  • From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=86133703

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IOGRAPHY: REF Weis1. Warden of the Marches of Scotland. REF FarisPA. 5th Lord Percy. ___________________

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Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland's Timeline

1391
September 1, 1391
1393
March 2, 1393
Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
1414
1414
Age 20
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
1415
1415
Age 21
Warkworth, Northumberland
1415
Age 21
Leconfield, Yorkshire, England
1418
July 8, 1418
Age 25
Warkworth, Northumberland
1421
July 25, 1421
Age 28
Leconfield, East Riding of Yorkshire, England
1422
November 29, 1422
Age 29
Leckonfield, Yorkshire, England
1423
May 28, 1423
Age 30
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
1424
July 24, 1424
Age 31
Alnwick, Northumberland