Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster

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Henry Plantagenet (Lancaster), 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster

Nicknames: "House of Plantagenet"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales
Death: Died in Monastery of Cannons, Leicester, Leicestershire, England.
Place of Burial: Newark Abbey, Leicester, Leicestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Edmund "Crouchback", 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster and Blanche de Navarre et d'Artois
Husband of Maud de Chaworth
Father of Maud of Lancaster, Countess of Ulster; Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster; Isabel Plantagenet; Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel and Warenne; Blanche Plantagenet and 2 others
Brother of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster; John Beaufort; Mary Plantagenet; Joan Plantagenet and Alianor of Lancaster
Half brother of Thibaut (Teobaldo) Prince Of Navarre and Juana I, reina de Navarra

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About Henry Plantagenet (Lancaster), 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster

"Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Lancaster (c. 1281 – 22 September 1345) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II of England."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Plantagenet,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20Kings%201066-1603.htm#HenryLancasterdied1345B

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=509

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1017&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I106&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I4146&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I219744&tree=Welsh

http://www.mathematical.com/lancasterhenry1281.html

http://thepeerage.com/p10214.htm#i102139

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Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 75-79. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S107] #150 [1827-1878] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1827-1878), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Henry Colburn, 1827-1878), FHL book 942 D22bup., vol. 2 p. 834.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 521, 527.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 17-18.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 196.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 1 p. 22, 77, 193, vol. 2 p. 319, vol. 3 p. 573.

[S33] #242 [1883 edition] A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New edition, 1883, reprint 1962), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (New edition. 1883. Reprint, London: Harrison and Sons, 1962), FHL book 942 D22bug 1883., p. 387.

[S35] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 2 p. 240.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S42] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (1st edition. Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co, 1996), FHL book 973 D2fp., p153.

[S45] Journal of British Studies, (The University of Chicago Press), FHL Book 942 H25j., "Edward III and His Family", vol. 26 no. 4 p. 398.

[S49] Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, (Periodical. Chobham, Surrey, England: Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2005- Published twice yearly.), vol. 1 no. 3 2004 p. 198.

[S74] #550 The history and antiquities of the county of Leicester, Nichols, John, (4 volumes, each in 2 parts. London : Printed by and for J. Nichols, 1795-1815), FHL X book 942.54 H2nic., vol. 4 pt. 1 p. 174.

[S107] #150 [1827-1878] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1827-1878), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Henry Colburn, 1827-1878), FHL book 942 D22bup., vol. 2 p. 834.

[S311] #783 Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Naturalhistory Society (1878-1921), Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, (Shrewsbury [England]: Adnitt and Nauton, 1878-1921), FHL book 942.45 C4a., Ser. 1 vol. 6 p. 71.

[S547] #1848 The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619 (1877), Camden, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 12. London: [Harleian Society], 1877), FHL book 942 B4h volume 12; FHL microfilm 162,048 ., p. 283.

[S772] The Thirteenth Century, 1216-1307 (1953), Powicke, Frederick Maurice, Sir, (The Oxford History of England, vol. 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953), FHL book 942 H2oh v. 4., p. 268.

[S1800] #771 The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887), Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, (6 volumes. London: T. Richards, 1881-1887), FHL book 942.9 D2L; FHL microfilms 990,213-990,214., vol. 1 p. 375; vol. 6 p. 322.

[S2166] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. 41 ARUNDEL:10.

[S2318] #1210 The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh, as Registered in the College of Arms from the Beginning of the XIth Century (1934), Glenn, Thomas Allen, (London: Harrison, 1934), FHL book 929.2429 G875g; FHL microfilm 994,040 ite., p. 209, 215.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 1 p. 45, 49; book 6 p. F2*.

[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C628.

-------------------- He was the younger son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester,[1] who was a son of King Henry III by his wife Eleanor of Provence. Henry's mother was Blanche of Artois, Queen Dowager of Navarre.

Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on 6 February 1298/99 by writ directed to Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis ("Henry of Lancaster, nephew of the king", Edward I), by which he is held to have become Baron Lancaster. He took part in the Siege of Caerlaverock in July 1300.

Petition for succession and inheritance[edit]

After a period of longstanding opposition to King Edward II and his advisors, including joining two open rebellions, Henry's brother Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and had his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. Henry did not participate in his brother's rebellions; he later petitioned for his brother's lands and titles, and on 29 March 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester. A few years later, shortly after his accession in 1327, the young Edward III of England returned the earldom of Lancaster to him, along with other lordships such as that of Bowland.

Revenge[edit]

On the Queen's return to England in September 1326 with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Henry joined her party against King Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king's cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester, and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser.

He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath in South Wales. He was appointed to take charge of the king and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle.

Full restoration and reward[edit]

Henry was appointed "chief advisor" for the new king Edward III of England,[2] and was also appointed captain-general of all the king's forces in the Scottish Marches.[3] He was appointed High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1327.

Loss of sight[edit]

In about the year 1330, he became blind.

Succession[edit]

He was succeeded as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester by his eldest son, Henry of Grosmont, who subsequently became Duke of Lancaster.

Issue[edit]

He married Maud Chaworth, before 2 March 1296/1297.[4]

Henry and Maud had seven children: Henry, Earl of Derby, (about 1300–1360/61) Blanche of Lancaster, (about 1305–1380) married Thomas Wake, 2nd Baron Wake of Liddell Matilda of Lancaster, (about 1310–1377); married William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster and had descendants. Joan of Lancaster, (about 1312–1345); married John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray and had descendants Isabel of Lancaster, Abbess of Amesbury, (about 1317-after 1347) Eleanor of Lancaster, (about 1318–1371/72) married (1) John De Beaumont and (2) 5 Feb. 1344/5, Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and had descendants Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320–1362), who married Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy, and was the mother of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland.

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Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster's Timeline

1281
1281
Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales
1297
March 2, 1297
Age 16
Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdom
March 2, 1297
Age 16
Kidwelly, Carmarthen, Wales
1297
Age 16
1300
1300
Age 19
Grosmont Castle, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, England
1308
1308
Age 27
Monmouth, England
1310
1310
Age 29
Lancaster, Lancastershire, England
1312
February 26, 1312
Age 31
Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales
1312
Age 31
Grismond Castle, Monmouthshire, England
1320
1320
Age 39
Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire, England