Jason Nelson Robards, Jr. (1922 - 2000)

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Birthplace: Chicago, Cook, Illinois, USA
Death: Died in Bridgeport, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA
Managed by: Ivy Jo Smith
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Jason Nelson Robards, Jr.

Biography for Jason Robards More at IMDbPro »

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Date of Birth : 26 July 1922, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Date of Death: 26 December 2000, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA (metastasized lung cancer)

Birth Name: Jason Nelson Robards Jr.

Height: 5' 9½" (1.77 m)

Mini Biography:

Powerful and highly respected American star character actor. Son of stage and film star Jason Robards Sr., he was born in Chicago, but raised mostly in Los Angeles. A star athlete at Hollywood High School, he served in the U.S. Navy in World War II, where he saw combat as a radioman (though he is not listed in official rolls of Navy Cross winners, despite the claims some -- not he -- have made. Neither was he at Pearl Harbor during the Dec. 7, 1941 attack, his ship being at sea at the time.) Returning to civilian life, he attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and struggled as a small-part actor in local New York theatre, TV and radio before shooting to fame on the New York stage in Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" as Hickey. He followed that with another masterful O'Neill portrayal, as the alcoholic Jamie Tyrone in "Long Day's Journey Into Night" on Broadway. He entered feature films in The Journey (1959) and rose rapidly to even greater fame as a film star. Robards won consecutive Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for All the President's Men (1976) and Julia (1977), in each case playing real-life people. He continued to work on the stage, winning continued acclaim in such O'Neill works as "Moon For the Misbegotten" and "Hughie." Robards died of lung cancer in 2000.

IMDb Mini Biography By: Jim Beaver

Spouse

Lois O'Connor (14 February 1970 - 26 December 2000) (his death) 2 children

Lauren Bacall (4 July 1961 - 10 September 1969) (divorced) 1 child

Rachel Taylor (1959 - 4 May 1961) (divorced)

Eleanor Pittman (7 May 1948 - 1958) (divorced) 3 children

Trivia

Recipient of 22nd Annual Kennedy Center Honors for lifetime contribution to arts and culture, presented by President Bill Clinton in Washington, DC, Dec. 5, 1999.

Father of actor Jason Robards III.

Father, with actress Lauren Bacall, of actor Sam Robards.

He has 3 children with Eleanor Pitman. He has 2 children with 'Lois O'Connor (I)'. He won an Emmy in 1988 for Inherit the Wind (1988) (TV).

Was a Civil War buff in real life. He played President U.S. Grant in The Legend of the Lone Ranger (1981), and was the voice of Gen. Grant in the PBS mini-series "The Civil War" (1990).

Preferred working in the theater, and said once that he performed in Hollywood films so that he could "grab the money and go back to Broadway as fast as I can."

In 1972, he was in a horrifying accident on a winding California road. He drove his car into the side of a mountain and nearly died. His acute drinking problem contributed to the accident. He slowly recovered after extensive surgery and facial reconstruction.

On April 22, 2002, the first Jason Robards Award for Excellence in Theatre was awarded to Christopher Plummer by the Roundabout Theatre.

Jennifer Jason Leigh added the "Jason" to her stage name in tribute to Robards, a family friend. She said, "I like the way it sounds between Jennifer and Leigh."

In one of his last roles, in Paul Thomas Anderson's Magnolia (1999), he portrayed a man dying from lung cancer to excellent effect. Two years later he himself died from the same disease.

Attended Hollywood High School in Hollywood, CA, and played on the football, baseball, basketball, and track teams, at one time entertaining the idea of becoming a professional athlete.

Avoided films until age 37 because he felt his acting father, Jason Robards Sr., had sold out and tarnished his own reputation by "going Hollywood".

First lead role was in the 1953 off-Broadway production of "American Gothic" directed by José Quintero.

Two daughters and four sons: Sarah Louise, Shannon Robards, Jason Robards III, Sam Robards, David and Jake Robards.

Received all of his Oscar nominations for playing real-life people: Benjamin C. Bradlee in All the President's Men (1976), Dashiell Hammett in Julia (1977), and Howard Hughes in Melvin and Howard (1980).

In 1988, he became the 11th performer to win the Triple Crown of acting: Oscar, Tony, Emmy. Two Oscars: Best Supporting Actor, All the President's Men (1976), and Best Supporting Actor, Julia (1977). Tony: Best Actor, Play, "The Disenchanted" (1959). Emmy: Best Actor, Miniseries/Special: Inherit the Wind (1988) (TV).

Won Broadway's 1959 Tony Award as Best Actor (Dramatic) for "The Disenchanted." He has been nominated seven other times: as Best Supporting or Featured Actor (Dramatic) in 1957 for "Long Day's Journey into Night;" as Best Actor (Dramatic) in 1960 for "Toys in the Attic," in 1964 for "After The Fall," in 1965 for "Hughie," in 1972 for "The Country Girl" and in 1974 for "A Moon for the Misbegotten"; and as Best Actor (Play) in 1978 for "A Touch of the Poet." With eight nominations, he holds the record for being the actor nominated the most times for a Tony Award, although he only won once.

Was the first winner of a Best Actor Obie Award, which recognize achievement in the Off-Broadway theater, for playing Hickey in the revival of Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" during the 1955-56 season. He tied for the Best Actor award with George Voskovec, who was cited for "Uncle Vanya."

He and Leonardo DiCaprio both received Oscar-nominations for portraying Howard Hughes. Robards was nominated for Melvin and Howard (1980) and DiCaprio for The Aviator (2004).

As of 2005, he is the only actor to win consecutive Best Supporting Actor Oscars (for _All the President's Men (1976)_qv) and Julia (1977)).

Played Hickey in three different productions of Eugene O'Neill's play "The Iceman Cometh" -- off-Broadway in 1955, on television in 1960, and on Broadway in 1955. Also played Hickey in production of Iceman Cometh 1985/86 in NYC (Lunt-Fontane) and LA (James Doolittle Theater).

He is more closely associated with the works of Eugene O'Neill than any other actor.

He was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts in 1997 by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington, DC.

Shares the role of Howard Hughes with Leonardo DiCaprio. In the television series ("Parenthood" (1990)_) based on _Parenthood_ (1989)_, DiCaprio took over the role that Joaquin Phoenix had played in the film--opposite Robards as his grandfather.

He won an Oscar for playing Benjamin Bradlee in All the President's Men (1976), making him one of eleven actors to win the Award for playing a real person who was still alive at the evening of the Award ceremony (as of 2007). The other ten actors and their respective performances are: Spencer Tracy for playing Father Edward Flanagan in Boys Town (1938), Gary Cooper for playing Alvin C. York in Sergeant York (1941), Patty Duke for playing Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker (1962), Robert De Niro for playing Jake La Motta in Raging Bull (1980), Sissy Spacek for playing Loretta Lynn in Coal Miner's Daughter (1980), Susan Sarandon for playing Sister Helen Prejean in Dead Man Walking (1995), Geoffrey Rush for playing David Helfgott in Shine (1996), Julia Roberts for playing Erin Brockovich in Erin Brockovich (2000), Jim Broadbent for playing John Bayley in Iris (2001/I) and most recently Helen Mirren for playing Queen Elizabeth II in The Queen (2006).

In 1978 he became the second actor to receive an Oscar, Emmy and Tony nomination in the same calendar year (for Julia (1977), "Washington: Behind Closed Doors" (1977) and "A Touch of the Poet", respectively).

Katharine Hepburn was the godmother of his son Sam Robards.

Was a trustee at Fairfield University in Connecticut.

He was nominated for a 1976 Joseph Jefferson Award for Best Guest Artist in a play, "Hughie," at the Academy Festival Theatre in Chicago, Illinois.

Has portrayed President Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln (1992), The Perfect Tribute (1991) and Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1964), President Ulysess S. Grant in The Civil War (1990) and The Legend of the Lone Ranger (1981), President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in F.D.R.: The Last Year (1980) and fictional President Richard Monckton (A Richard Nixon-type) in Washington: Behind Closed Doors (1977).

Served as a radioman aboard the U.S.S. Northampton, which was sunk by Japanese torpedoes in the Battle of Tassafaronga.

Personal Quotes

An actor doesn't change thought, theme, or mood unless the character does, and the character only does it within the words of the play.

I've always played disintegrated characters.

Once you're on [stage], nobody can say, "Cut it". You're out there on your own, and there's always that thrill of a real live audience.

All I know is, I don't do a lot of analysis. I know those words have to move me. I rely on the author. I don't want actors reasoning with me about "motivation" and all that bull. All I want 'em to do is learn the goddamn lines and don't bump into each other.

The theatre has kept me alive, and it's allowed me to work at my craft.

[about Arthur Miller's semi-autobiographical play "After the Fall"] They should have called it "After the Money"!

-------------------- ג'ייסון רוברדס ג'ייסון רוברדס JasonRobards-1.jpg ג'ייסון רוברדס, 1975 תאריך לידה: 26 ביולי 1922 מקום לידה: שיקגו, אילינוי, ארצות הברית תאריך פטירה: 26 בדצמבר 2000 מקום פטירה: ברידג'פורט, קונטיקט, ארצות הברית פרסים: שני פרסי אוסקר בקטגוריית פרס אוסקר לשחקן המשנה הטוב ביותר, פרס אמי, פרס טוני דמות ידועה: בן בראדלי (הופעה ב"כל אנשי הנשיא"), דשייל האמט (הופעה ב"ג'וליה") ג'ייסון נלסון רוברדס, הבן (באנגלית: Jason Nelson Robards, Jr; ‏26 ביולי 1922- 26 בדצמבר 2000), היה שחקן קולנוע ותיאטרון אמריקאי. זכה בשני פרסי אוסקר בקטגוריית פרס אוסקר לשחקן המשנה הטוב ביותר, בפרס האמי ובפרס הטוני. תוכן עניינים [הסתרה] 1 ביוגרפיה ושירות צבאי 2 תיאטרון 3 קריירה קולנועית 4 חיים אישיים 5 פילמוגרפיה נבחרת 6 קישורים חיצוניים ביוגרפיה ושירות צבאי[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

רוברדס נולד בשיקגו, בנם של הופ מקסין ושחקן התיאטרון והראינוע ג'ייסון רוברדס האב. כשהיה פעוט משפחתו עברה להתגורר בניו יורק ולאחר מכן עברה ללוס אנג'לס כאשר היה בן שש. הוריו התגרשו כאשר היה תלמיד בית ספר. בנערותו הצטיין באתלטיקה בה עסק כשלמד ב"תיכון הוליווד", למרות שקיבל מספר הצעות למלגה במוסדות הלימוד הגבוהים בארצות הברית בחר רוברדס להתגייס לחיל הים האמריקני. בצי הצטרף רוברדס לסיירת כבדה "USS Northampton", במהלך המתקפה על פרל הארבור היה רוברדס על אוניית המלחמה במרחק 100 מייל מהוואי. רוברדס צפה בהרס העצום שנגרם לצי בעת מתקפת הפתע היפנית רק יומיים לאחר מכן כשספינתו עגנה בנמל. לאחר מכן ספינתו של רוברדס השתתפה בקרב גוודלקנל וב"קרב על איי סנטה קרוז". בליל "הקרב על טאסאפרונגה" בנובמבר 1942 נפגעה ספינתו של רוברדס מפגיעה ישירה של טילי טורפדו יפניים, רוברדס מצא עצמו בתוך שניות בתוך המים, הוא ניצל על ידי משחתת אמריקאית. שנתיים לאחר מכן שהוא עדיין נלחם בחזית האוקיינוס השקט עבר רוברדס עימות צבאי נוסף הפעם עם ספינת "USS Nashville" שהייתה בדרך לפלישה על איי מינדורו שבצפון הפיליפינים, מתקפת קמיקזה פתאומית פגעה בגוף האונייה וגרמה לאבידות של למעלה מ-200 מלחים. רוברדס שנלחם בקרב הקשה קיבל את מדליית "צלב הצי". רוברדס חשב לראשונה לעסוק בתחום המשחק בעת שירותו הצבאי על אוניית המלחמה, הוא הנחה מופעי בידור על אוניית פרל הארבור ולאחר שקיבל קרדיט מחבריו התאהב במקצוע והחליט לפתח אותו, לאחר שחזר מהמלחמה אביו המליץ לו ללכת ללמוד באקדמיה האמריקאית ללימודי דרמה שבניו יורק. תיאטרון[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

לאחר המלחמה עבר רוברדס לניו יורק ועבד בתחנת רדיו מקומית ומשם עבר לבימות התיאטרון. זכה להכרה ראשונה בזכות תפקידו במחזה "איש הקרח" מאת יוג'ין או'ניל, הופעה שהעניקה לו את פרס אובי. עבר בשנת 1985 להופיע על בימת ברודוויי, רשם הישג חסר תקדים כשהיה מועמד שמונה פעמים לפרס הטוני, יותר מכל שחקן תיאטרון אחר בהיסטוריה. ההצלחה הראשונה הייתה במחזה "מסע ארוך אל תוך הלילה", לאחר מכן במחזות: "צעצועים בעליית הגג" של ארתור מילר, "הוגי", "נערות המדינה", "ליל ירח לממזר" ו"נגיעה של משורר". הופעתו במחזה "מפוכח" ב-1959 הייתה זו שהעניקה לו את פרס הטוני היחיד שלו בקריירה. קריירה קולנועית[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

רוברדס הופיע בשנת 1959 בסרט "המסע" ובשנה שלאחר מכן בסרט הטלוויזיה של סידני לומט "איש הקרח". רוברדס עבד עם לומט גם בעיבוד נוסף למחזהו יוג'ין אוניל, "מסע ארוך אל תוך הלילה" וזכה בפרס השחקן הטוב ביותר של "פסטיבל קאן". בשנות ה-60 הופיע בסרטים: "איזדורה" המבוסס על חייה של הרקדנית איזדורה דנקן, "ענוג הוא הלילה", עיבוד קולנועי לספר של פרנסיס סקוט פיצג'רלד, "אלף ליצנים" קומדיה בה השתתף והיה מועמד לפרס גלובוס הזהב לשחקן הטוב ביותר בסרט קומי/מוזיקלי ו"גירושין בסטייל אמריקאי". גילם את ראש המאפיה אל קפונה בסרט פשע המבוסס על אירועי "טבח יום ולנטיין" ואת הפושע שייאן בסרט המערבון של סרג'יו ליאונה "היו זמנים במערב". רוברדס גילם את דמותו של אל"ם וולטר שורט שפיקח על כוחות הצבא הימיים של צבא ארצות הברית בדרמת המלחמה "טורה! טורה! טורה!" העוקבת אחר המהלכים הפוליטיים, הדיפלומטיים והצבאיים שהובילו למתקפת הפתע של חיל האוויר היפני על בסיס הצי של ארצות הברית פרל הארבור. הופיע במערבון של סם פקינפה "פט גארט ובילי הנער". זכה להערכה בשנת 1976 עבור משחקו בדרמה הפוליטית "כל אנשי הנשיא" המספרת את הרקע ל"פרשת ווטרגייט". בסרט גילם רוברדס את דמותו של עורך עיתון ה"וושינגטון פוסט" בן בראדלי שחושב שהפרשה הפוליטית שחשפו זוג העיתונאים קארל ברנסטיין (דאסטין הופמן) ובוב וודוורד (רוברט רדפורד) לא שווה כותרת ראשית. על הופעתו זכה רוברדס בפרס אוסקר לשחקן המשנה הטוב ביותר והיה מועמד לפרס גלובוס הזהב. ב-1977 הפך לשחקן הקולנוע הראשון והיחיד עד היום שזכה שנתיים רצופות בשני פרסי אוסקר בקטגוריית שחקן המשנה. את פרס האוסקר השני קיבל על הופעתו בדרמה הביוגרפית של פרד זינמן "ג'וליה" בה הופיע בתור דשייל האמט, סופר אמריקאי, אחד הבולטים שבמחברי ספרי הבלשים שמוצג בסרט גם בתור מאהבה של המחזאית ליליאן הלמן (ג'יין פונדה). זכה בפרס האמי בשנת 1988 על תפקידו בסרט הטלוויזיה "כנגד החוק". לאחר מכן הופיע רוברדס במערבון "בא פרש פראי וחופשי", בדרמה הקומית של ג'ונתן דמי "הווארד וג'ון" בה הופיע בתור הווארד יוז והיה מועמד בשלישית לפרס האוסקר וברביעית לפרס גלובוס הזהב, בקומדיה הריאלסטית של רון הווארד "הורים במשרה מלאה" ובדרמה "פילדלפיה" בו גילם את צ'ארלס ווילר ראש חברת פרקליטים שמחליט לפטר את אנדרו באקט (טום הנקס) בגלל שנדבק במחלת האיידס. הופעתו האחרונה של רוברטס הייתה בסרטו של פול תומאס אנדרסון "מנגוליה", מהחשובים ביותר שנעשו במהלך שנות ה-90. בסרט גילם רוברדס את ארל פארטרידג', מפיק טלוויזיה עשיר שגוסס ממחלת סרטן הריאה. קיבל בשנת 1999 את פרס מרכז קנדי על תרומתו רבת השנים לתרבות האמריקאית. חיים אישיים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

לרוברדס שישה ילדים מארבעת נישואיו, שניים מהם משמשים גם הם כשחקני קולנוע: ג'ייסון רוברדס השלישי מאשתו הראשונה אלינור פיטמן וסם רוברדס מאשתו השלישית שחקנית הקולנוע לורן באקול לה היה נשוי במשך שבע שנים. ב-1972 היה רוברדס מעורב בתאונת דרכים קשה באזור הררי פיתולי בקליפורניה, כתוצאה מהפגיעה הקטלנית נאלץ לעבור מספר רב של ניתוחים מקיפים וטיפולים קוסמטיים. הסיבה לתאונה הייתה ככל הנראה אלכוהוליזם שליווה אותו במרבית חייו. רוברדס נפטר ב-26 בדצמבר 2000 בברידג'פורט, קונטיקט ממחלת סרטן הריאה, גופתו נשרפה על פי בקשתו האחרונה. פילמוגרפיה נבחרת[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

המסע (1959) איש הקרח (19560) מסע ארוך אל תוך הלילה (1961) ענוג הוא הלילה (1962) אלף ליצנים (1965) יום רביעי כל שהוא (1966) יד גדולה לגברת קטנה (1966) שעתו של האקדח (1967) איזדורה (1968) סט. טבח יום ולנטיין (1968) היו זמנים במערב (1968) טיפשים (1970) יוליוס קיסר (1970) טורה! טורה! טורה! (1970) הבלדה של קייבל הודג' (1970) לג'וני יש אקדח (1971) המלחמה בין הגבר לאשה (1972) פט גארט ובילי הנער (1973) כל אנשי הנשיא (1976) ג'וליה (1977) בא פרש פראי וחופשי (1978) מלווין והווארד (1980) הרם את הטיטאניק (1980) קאבו בלאנקו (1980) האגדה על ריינג'ר בודד (1981) משהו מרושע בדרך (1983) מקס דוגן חוזר (1983) ריקוד מרובע (1987) אם במבחן (1988) אלוף האורות של ניו יורק (1988) קשת שחורה (1989) הורים במשרה מלאה (1989) איחוד (1980) חלום שהתגשם (1989) כסף קטן (1990) עדות מוקלטת (1992) פילדלפיה (1993) משפט (1993) הרפתקאותיו של הקלברי פין (1993) ליגה קטנה גדולה (1994) עיתון (1994) רסיסים של חיבה (1997) אוייה המדינה (1998) חמדת (1998) מנגוליה (1999) קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

ג'ייסון רוברדס, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית)

[הסתרה] פרס אוסקר לשחקן המשנה הטוב ביותר

1936‏-1940 וולטר ברנן (1936) • ג'וזף שילדקראט (1937) • וולטר ברנן (1938) • תומאס מיטשל (1939) • וולטר ברנן (1940) 1941‏-1960 דונלד קריספ (1941) • ואן הפלן (1942) • צ'ארלס קובורן (1943) • בארי פיצ'גראלד (1944) • ג'יימס דן (1945) • הרולד ראסל (1946) • אדמונד גוון (1947) • וולטר יוסטון (1948) • דן ג'גר (1949) • ג'ורג' סנדרס (1950) • קארל מלדן (1951) • אנתוני קווין (1952) • פרנק סינטרה (1953) • אדמונד או'בריין (1954) • ג'ק למון (1955) • אנתוני קווין (1956) • רד באטנס (1957) • ברל אייבס (1958) • יו גריפית' (1959) • פיטר יוסטינוב (1960) 1961‏-1980 ג'ורג' צ'קיריס (1961) • אד בגלי (1962) • מלווין דאגלס (1963) • פיטר יוסטינוב (1964) • מרטין בלסם (1965) • וולטר מתאו (1966) • ג'ורג' קנדי (1967) • ג'ק אלברטסון (1968) • גיג יאנג (1969) • ג'ון מילס (1970) • בן ג'ונסון (1971) • ג'ואל גריי (1972) • ג'ון האוסמן (1973) • רוברט דה נירו (1974) • ג'ורג' ברנס (1975) • ג'ייסון רוברדס (1976) • ג'ייסון רוברדס (1977) • כריסטופר ווקן (1978) • מלווין דאגלס (1979) • טימותי האטון (1980) 1981‏-2000 ג'ון גילגוד (1981) • לואיס גוסט ג'וניור (1982) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1983) • היינג נגור (1984) • דון אמיצ'י (1985) • מייקל קיין (1986) • שון קונרי (1987) • קווין קליין (1988) • דנזל וושינגטון (1989) • ג'ו פשי (1990) • ג'ק פאלאנס (1991) • ג'ין הקמן (1992) • טומי לי ג'ונס (1993) • מרטין לנדאו (1994) • קווין ספייסי (1995) • קובה גודינג ג'וניור (1996) • רובין ויליאמס (1997) • ג'יימס קובורן (1998) • מייקל קיין (1999) • בניסיו דל טורו (2000) 2001 ואילך ג'ים ברודבנט (2001) • כריס קופר (2002) • טים רובינס (2003) • מורגן פרימן (2004) • ג'ורג' קלוני (2005) • אלן ארקין (2006) • חאווייר ברדם (2007) • הית' לדג'ר (2008) • כריסטוף ואלץ (2009) • כריסטיאן בייל (2010) • כריסטופר פלאמר (2011) • כריסטוף ואלץ (2012) קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםזוכי אוסקר: שחקן המשנה הטובזוכי אמי - אישיםשחקני תיאטרון אמריקאיםזוכי פרס טוניחוגרים אמריקאים במלחמת העולם השנייה

Jason Robards From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For his father, an actor uniformly credited as "Jason Robards", see Jason Robards, Sr.. Jason Robards Jason Robards-1968-1.jpg In Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) Born Jason Nelson Robards, Jr. July 26, 1922 Chicago, Illinois, U.S. Died December 26, 2000 (aged 78) Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S. Cause of death lung cancer Occupation Actor Years active 1946–2000 Known for Playing Historical Figures, Eugene O'Neill Spouse(s) Eleanor Pittman (m.1948–1958; divorced) Rachel Taylor (m.1959–1961; divorced) Lauren Bacall (m.1961–1969; divorced) Lois O'Connor (m.1970–2000; his death) Children 6, including Sam Robards Parents Jason Robards, Sr., Hope Maxine (nee Glanville) Awards See Awards Jason Nelson Robards, Jr. (July 26, 1922 – December 26, 2000) was an American actor on stage, and in film and television. He is a winner of the Tony Award, two Academy Awards and the Emmy Award. He was also a United States Navy combat veteran of World War II. He became famous playing works of American playwright Eugene O'Neill and regularly performed in O'Neill's works throughout his career. Robards was cast in both common-man roles and as well-known historical figures. Contents [hide] 1 Early life and education 2 Naval service in World War II 3 Career 4 Awards 5 Personal life 6 Death 7 Legacy 8 Work 8.1 Stage 8.2 Film 8.3 Television 9 References 10 External links Early life and education[edit]

Robards was born and raised in Chicago, the son of Hope Maxine (née Glanville) Robards and Jason Robards, Sr.,[1] an actor who regularly appeared on the stage and in such early films as The Gamblers (1929). Robards was of English, Welsh, Irish, and Swedish descent.[2][3] The family moved to New York City, New York, when Jason Jr. was still a toddler, and then moved to Los Angeles, California, when he was six years old. Later interviews with Robards suggested that the trauma of his parents' divorce, which occurred during his grade-school years, greatly affected his personality and worldview. As a youth, Robards also witnessed first-hand the decline of his father's acting career. The elder Robards had enjoyed considerable success during the era of silent films, but he fell out of favor after the advent of "talkies" (sound film), leaving the younger Robards soured on the Hollywood film industry. The teenaged Robards excelled in athletics, running a 4:18 mile during his junior year at Hollywood High School in Los Angeles. Although his prowess in sports attracted interest from several universities, upon his graduation in 1940, Robards decided to join the Navy. Naval service in World War II[edit]

As a radioman 3rd class in the Navy, Robards served aboard a heavy cruiser, the USS Northampton (CA-26) in 1941. On December 7, 1941, he was aboard the Northampton in the Pacific Ocean about 100 miles (160 km) off Hawaii. Contrary to some stories, he witnessed the devastation of the Japanese attack on Hawaii only afterwards, when the Northampton returned to Pearl Harbor two days later.[4] The Northampton was later directed into the Guadalcanal campaign in World War II's Pacific theater, where she participated in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. During the Battle of Tassafaronga on Guadalcanal on the night of November 30, 1942, the Northampton was sunk by hits from two Japanese torpedoes. Robards found himself treading water until near daybreak, when he was rescued by an American destroyer. For its service in the war the Northampton was awarded five battle stars. Two years later, in November 1944, Robards was radioman on the USS Nashville (CL-43), the flagship for the invasion of Mindoro in the northern Philippines. On December 13, she was struck by a kamikaze aircraft off Negros Island in the Philippines. The aircraft hit one of the port five-inch gun mounts, while its two bombs set the midsection ablaze. There were 223 casualties, and the Nashville was forced to return to Pearl Harbor and then to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, for repairs. Robards served honorably during the war, but was not a recipient of the U.S. Navy Cross for bravery, as has been recorded in numerous uncited resources. The inaccurate story that he was a Navy Cross recipient derives from a 1979 column by Hy Gardner[5] which stated that Robards was awarded the medal. From this false story, many subsequent references repeated the inaccuracy. But Robards's name does not appear on any official or semi-official rolls of Navy Cross recipients.[6] It was on the Nashville that Robards first found a copy of Eugene O’Neill’s play Strange Interlude in the ship’s library.[7][8] It was also in the Navy that he first started thinking seriously about becoming an actor. He had emceed for a Navy band in Pearl Harbor, gotten a few laughs and decided he liked it. His father suggested he enroll in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City.[7] Career[edit]

Robards decided to get into acting after the war and his career started out slowly. He moved to New York City and found small parts — first in radio and then on the stage. His big break was landing the starring role in José Quintero's 1956 off-Broadway-theatre production and the later 1960 television film of O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh, portraying the philosophical salesman Hickey; he won an Obie Award for his stage performance. He later portrayed Hickey again in a 1985 Broadway revival also staged by Quintero, who also directed Robards in Broadway productions of O'Neill's plays: Long Day's Journey Into Night (1956, as Jamie Tyrone, and 1988, as Tyrone, Sr.), Hughie (1964), A Touch of the Poet (1977) and A Moon for the Misbegotten (1973). He repeated his role in Long Day's Journey Into Night in the 1962 film and televised his performances in A Moon for the Misbegotten (1975) and Hughie (1984). Robards also appeared on stage in a revival of O'Neill's Ah, Wilderness! (1988) directed by Arvin Brown, as well as Lillian Hellman's Toys in the Attic (1960), Arthur Miller's After the Fall (1964), Clifford Odets's The Country Girl (1972) and Harold Pinter's No Man's Land (1994).

Publicity photo, 1975 He made his film debut in the two-reel comedy Follow That Music (1946), but after his Broadway success he was invited to make his feature debut in The Journey (1959). He became a familiar face to movie audiences throughout the 1960s, notably for his performances in A Thousand Clowns (1965) (repeating his stage performance), The Night They Raided Minsky's (1968) and Once Upon a Time in the West (1968). He appeared on television anthology series, including two segments in the mid-1950s of CBS's Appointment with Adventure. Robards played three different U.S. presidents in film. He played the role of Abraham Lincoln in the TV movie The Perfect Tribute (1991) and supplied the voice for two television documentaries, first for "The Presidency: A Splendid Misery" in 1964, and then again in the title role of the 1992 documentary miniseries Lincoln. He also played the role of Ulysses S. Grant in The Legend of the Lone Ranger (1981) and supplied the Union General's voice in the PBS miniseries The Civil War (1990). He also played Franklin D. Roosevelt in FDR: The Final Years (1980). Robards appeared in two dramatizations based on the Watergate scandal. In 1976 he portrayed Washington Post executive editor Ben Bradlee in the film All the President's Men, based on the book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward. The next year, he played fictional president Richard Monckton (based on Richard Nixon) in the 1977 television miniseries Washington: Behind Closed Doors based on John Ehrlichman's roman à clef The Company. In 1983, Robards starred in the television movie The Day After where he played Dr. Russell Oakes. The movie is one of the most viewed television programs of all time. Robards voiced a number of documentaries, including Ken Burns's Empire of the Air: The Men Who Made Radio (1991). In Magnolia (1999), his final feature film role, the ailing Robards portrayed a dying man who reconnects with his estranged son. Awards[edit]

Robards received eight Tony Award nominations,[9] — more than any other male actor as of October 2009. He won the Tony for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play for his work in The Disenchanted, (1959); this was also his only stage appearance with his father. He received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in consecutive years for All the President's Men (1976) for portraying Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee and Julia (1977) for portraying writer Dashiell Hammett (1977).[10] He was also nominated for another Academy Award for his role as Howard Hughes in Melvin and Howard (1980). Robards received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie for Inherit the Wind (1988).[11] In 1997, Robards received the U.S. National Medal of Arts, the highest honor conferred to an individual artist on behalf of the people. Recipients are selected by the U.S. National Endowment for the Arts and the medal is awarded by the President of the United States. In 1999, he was among the recipients at the Kennedy Center Honors, an annual honor given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture.[12] In 2000, Robards received the 1st Monte Cristo Award, presented by the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center, and named after O'Neill's home. Subsequent recipients have included Edward Albee, Kevin Spacey, Wendy Wasserstein, and Christopher Plummer. Jason Robards narrated the public radio documentary, Schizophrenia: Voices of an Illness, produced by Lichtenstein Creative Media, which was awarded a 1994 George Foster Peabody Award for Excellence in Broadcasting. According to Time Magazine, Robards offered to narrate the schizophrenia program, saying that his first wife had been institutionalized for that illness.[13] Personal life[edit]

around 1975 Robards had six children from his four marriages, including actor Jason Robards III (born 1949) by his first wife, Eleanor Pittman; and actor Sam Robards by his third wife, actress Lauren Bacall, to whom he was married in 1961: they divorced in 1969, in significant part because of his alcoholism.[14] In 1972 he was seriously injured in an automobile accident when he drove his car into the side of a mountain on a winding California road, requiring extensive surgery and facial reconstruction. The accident may have been related to his lifelong struggle with alcoholism.[7][8] Robards was a U.S. Civil War buff and scholar, an interest which informed his portrayal of the voice of Ulysses S. Grant in The Civil War series by filmmaker Ken Burns. Death[edit]

A resident of the Southport section of Fairfield, Connecticut,[15] Robards died of lung cancer in Bridgeport, Connecticut, on December 26, 2000 at the age of 78. He was cremated. His death was mourned by both fans and actors. "He was the last of a breed of actors who dedicated themselves to a life in the theater. Without asking for the role, he was our elder statesman," said actor Kevin Spacey.[16] Legacy[edit]

The Jason Robards Award was created by the Roundabout Theatre Company in New York City in his honor and his relationship with the theatre. Work[edit]

Stage[edit] Run Production Role Notes Nov. 7, 1956 - Mar. 29, 1958 Long Day's Journey Into Night James Tyrone, Jr. Theatre World Award Nominated-Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play Dec. 3, 1958 - May 16, 1959 The Disenchanted Manley Halliday Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Feb. 25, 1960 - Apr. 8, 1961 Toys in the Attic Julian Berniers Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Mar. 15, 1961 - Jun. 10, 1961 Big Fish, Little Fish William Baker Apr. 5, 1962 - Apr. 13, 1963 A Thousand Clowns Murray Burns Jan. 23, 1964 - May 29, 1965 After the Fall (play) Quentin Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Mar. 12, 1964 - Jul. 2, 1964 But for Whom Charlie Seymour Rosenthal Dec. 22, 1964 - Jan. 30, 1965 Hughie "Erie" Smith Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Nov. 16, 1965 - Jan. 22, 1966 The Devils Urbain Grandier Oct. 16, 1968 - Dec. 29, 1968 We Bombed in New Haven Captain Starkey Mar. 15, 1972 - May 6, 1972 The Country Girl Frank Elgin Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Dec. 29, 1973 - Nov. 17, 1974 A Moon for the Misbegotten James Tyrone, Jr. Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Dec. 28, 1977 - Apr. 30, 1978 A Touch of the Poet Cornelius Melody Nominated-Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play Apr. 4, 1983 - Jan. 1, 1984 You Can't Take It with You Martin Vanderhof Sep. 29, 1985 - Dec. 1, 1985 The Iceman Cometh Theodore Hickman "Hickey" Apr. 16, 1987 - Apr. 18, 1987 A Month of Sundays (play) Cooper Jun. 23, 1988 - July 23, 1988 Ah, Wilderness! Nat Miller Jun 14, 1988 - July 23, 1988 Long Day's Journey Into Night James Tyrone Oct. 31, 1989 - Jan. 21, 1990 Love Letters Andrew Makepiece Ladd III Nov. 17, 1991 - Feb. 22, 1992 Park Your Car in Harvard Yard Jacob Brackish Jan. 27, 1994 - Mar. 20, 1994 No Man's Land Hirst Source: "Jason Robards, Jr.". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Film[edit] Year Film Role Notes 1959 The Journey Paul Kedes 1961 By Love Possessed Julius Penrose 1962 Tender Is the Night Dr. Richard "Dick" Diver Long Day's Journey Into Night Jamie Tyrone Best Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival) National Board of Review Award for Best Actor 1963 Act One George S. Kaufman 1965 A Thousand Clowns Murray Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy 1966 A Big Hand for the Little Lady Henry Drummond Any Wednesday John Cleves 1967 Divorce American Style Nelson Downes The St. Valentine's Day Massacre Al Capone Hour of the Gun Doc Holliday 1968 Once Upon a Time in the West Cheyenne The Night They Raided Minsky's Raymond Paine Isadora Singer 1970 Rosolino Paternò, soldato… Sam Armstrong The Ballad of Cable Hogue Cable Hogue Julius Caesar Marcus Brutus Tora! Tora! Tora! Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short Fools Matthew South 1971 Johnny Got His Gun Joe's Father Murders in the Rue Morgue Cesar Charron 1972 The War Between Men and Women Stephen Kozlenko 1973 Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid Governor Wallace 1975 A Boy and His Dog Lou Craddock Mr. Sycamore John Gwilt 1976 All the President's Men Ben Bradlee Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated-BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture The Spy Who Never Was Inspector Barkan 1977 Julia Hammett Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated-BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture 1978 Comes a Horseman Jacob "J.W." Ewing 1979 Hurricane Captain Bruckner 1980 Cabo Blanco Gunther Beckdorff Raise the Titanic Admiral James Sandecker Melvin and Howard Howard Hughes Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor (3rd place) New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (2nd place) Nominated-Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture 1981 The Legend of the Lone Ranger Ulysses S. Grant 1983 Max Dugan Returns Max Dugan Something Wicked This Way Comes Charles Halloway 1987 Square Dance Dillard 1988 The Good Mother Muth 1989 Dream a Little Dream Coleman Ettinger Reunion Harry Strauss Parenthood Frank Buckman Black Rainbow Walter Travis 1990 Quick Change Chief Rotzinger 1992 Deceptions Clay Storyville Clifford Fowler 1993 The Adventures of Huck Finn The King The Trial Doctor Huld Philadelphia Charles Wheeler 1994 The Paper Graham Keighley Little Big League Thomas Heywood 1995 Crimson Tide Rear Admiral Anderson uncredited 1997 A Thousand Acres Larry Cook 1998 Heartwood Logan Reeser The Real Macaw Grandpa Girdis Beloved Mr. Bodwin Enemy of the State Congressman Phillip Hammersley uncredited 1999 Magnolia Earl Partridge Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Cast Nominated-Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Television[edit] Year Title Role Notes 1951-1954 The Big Story (radio/TV series) Mr. Simms Aaron Dudley episode: Arthur Mielke of the Washington Times Herald episode: Aaron Dudley, Reporter 1955 The Philco Television Playhouse Mason Joe Grant episode: The Outsiders episode: The Death of Billy the Kid 1955-1956 Armstrong Circle Theatre Paul Foster Reinhardt Schmidt episode: Man in Shadow episode: Lost $2 Billion: The Story of Hurricane Diane Justice Karder episode: Pattern of Lies episode: Decision by Panic 1956-1957 The Alcoa Hour Jayson Bert Palmer Bridger episode: Night episode: The Big Build-Up episode: Even the Weariest River 1955-1957 Studio One in Hollywood Prisoner Leonard O'Brien Cameron episode: Twenty-Four Hours episode: The Incredible World of Horace Ford episode: A Picture in the Paper 1958 Omnibus (U.S. TV series) Prime Minister episode: Moment of Truth 1959 Playhouse 90 Robert Jordan episode: For Whom the Bell Tolls: Part 2 NBC Sunday Showcase Alex Reed episode: People Kill People Sometimes A Doll's House (TV movie) Dr. Rank 1960 Dow Hour of Great Mysteries Detective Anderson episode: The Bat The Play of the Week Theodore 'Hickey' Hickman episode: The Iceman Cometh 1962 Westinghouse Presents: That's Where the Town is Going (TV movie) Hobart Cramm 1964 Abe Lincoln in Illinois (TV movie) Abraham Lincoln Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role 1963-1966 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Irish LaFontain Ivan Denisovich episode: Shipwrecked episode: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich 1966 ABC Stage 67 Royal Earle Thompson episode: Noon Wine 1969 Spoon River (TV movie) Reader 1972 Circle of Fear Elliot Brent episode: The Dead We Leave Behind The House Without a Christmas Tree (TV movie) Jamie Mills 1973 The Thanksgiving Treasure (TV movie) James Mills 1974 The Country Girl Frank Elgin 1975 The Easter Promise (TV movie) Jamie A Moon for the Misbegotten James Tyrone Jr. Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Special Program - Drama or Comedy 1976 Addie and the King of Hearts (TV movie) Jamie Mills 1977 Washington: Behind Closed Doors (TV miniseries) President Richard Monckton 6 episodes Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series 1978 A Christmas to Remember (TV movie) Daniel Larson 1980 F.D.R.: The Last Year (TV movie) President Franklin D. Roosevelt Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Special Haywire (TV movie) Leland Hayward 1983 The Day After Dr. Russell Oakes 1984 American Playhouse Erie Smith episode: Hughie Sakharov (TV movie) Andrei Sakharov Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Film Great Performances Grandpa Martin Vanderhof episode: You Can't Take It with You 1985 The Atlanta Child Murders (miniseries) Alvin Binder The Long Hot Summer Will Varner 1986 Johnny Bull (TV movie) Stephen Kovacs The Last Frontier (miniseries) Ed Stenning 1987 Laguna Heat (TV movie) Wade Shepard Breaking Home Ties Lloyd 1988 Inherit the Wind Henry Drummond Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Special The Christmas Wife (TV movie) John Tanner Thomas Hart Benton (TV movie) Narrator 1990 The Civil War (TV series) Ulysses S. Grant 9 episodes 1991 The Perfect Tribute Abraham Lincoln Chernobyl: The Final Warning Dr. Armand Hammer An Inconvenient Woman Jules Mendelson American Masters Narrator episode: Helen Hayes: The First Lady of the American Theatre Mark Twain and Me (TV movie) Mark Twain Nominated- CableACE Award for Best Actor in a Movie or Miniseries 1992 Lincoln (TV movie) Abraham Lincoln (voice) 1993 Heidi Grandfather 1994 The Enemy Within General R. Pendleton Lloyd 1995 My Antonia (film) Josea Burden Journey Marcus 1996-1997 The American Experience Narrator episode: Truman: Part I episode: T.R.: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt (Part I) 2000 Going Home Charles Barton Source: "Jason Robards". IMDb. Retrieved 22 October 2013. References[edit]

Jump up ^ Jason Robards genealogy. Jump up ^ http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70717F8385F107A93C2AB178AD85F408785F9 Jump up ^ [1] Jump up ^ Bloomfield, Gary L.; Shain, Stacie L., with Davidson, Arlen C., (2004). Duty, Honor, Applause — America's Entertainers in World War II. p. 264. Lyon's Press, Guilford, Connecticut. ISBN 1-59228-550-3 Jump up ^ Gardner, Hy. Panorama magazine, Vol. II, No. 1, Sunday Daily Herald, January 7, 1979, p. 2 Jump up ^ Sterner, C. Douglas. Index: Recipients of the Navy Cross, All Wars/All Periods, All Branches of Service. Pueblo CO, 2006 ^ Jump up to: a b c The New York Times Magazine, January 20, 1974 ^ Jump up to: a b Black, Steven A., et al. (editors) (2002). Jason Robards Remembered — Essays and Recollections. McFarland & Co., Jefferson, North Carolina. ISBN 978-0-7864-1356-0. Jump up ^ "American Theatre Wing". Jump up ^ "Oscars data base of nominees and winners". Jump up ^ "Emmy Awards Database of nominees and winners". Jump up ^ "Kennedy Center list of Honorees". Jump up ^ [2] Time Magazine "The Souls that Drugs Saved," October 10, 1994. Jump up ^ Bacall, Lauren. (2006). By Myself and Then Some. p. 377. HarperCollins, New York, New York. ISBN 978-0-06-112791-5. Jump up ^ "From the Archives" feature ("The Week of July 8") of The Advocate (Stamford, Connecticut), July 9, 2007, page A7, Stamford edition. Jump up ^ The New York Times, February 27, 2001 External links[edit]

Jason Robards at the Internet Movie Database Jason Robards at the Internet Broadway Database Jason Robards at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Jason Robards, Jr. | PlaybillVault.com [hide] Awards for Jason Robards [hide] v t e Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (1961–1980) George Chakiris (1961) Ed Begley (1962) Melvyn Douglas (1963) Peter Ustinov (1964) Martin Balsam (1965) Walter Matthau (1966) George Kennedy (1967) Jack Albertson (1968) Gig Young (1969) John Mills (1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey (1972) John Houseman (1973) Robert De Niro (1974) George Burns (1975) Jason Robards (1976) Jason Robards (1977) Christopher Walken (1978) Melvyn Douglas (1979) Timothy Hutton (1980) Complete list (1936–1940) (1941–1960) (1961–1980) (1981–2000) (2001–2020) [hide] v t e Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Award 1946–1959 Ray Milland (1946) Edward G. Robinson (1949) Michael Redgrave (1951) Marlon Brando (1952) Charles Vanel (1953) Spencer Tracy/cast of Bolshaya Semya (1955) John Kitzmiller (1957) Paul Newman (1958) Bradford Dillman/Dean Stockwell/Orson Welles (1959) 1960–1979 Anthony Perkins (1961) Dean Stockwell/Jason Robards/Ralph Richardson/Murray Melvin (1962) Richard Harris (1963) Antal Páger/Saro Urzì (1964) Terence Stamp (1965) Per Oscarsson (1966) Oded Kotler (1967) Jean-Louis Trintignant (1969) Marcello Mastroianni (1970) Riccardo Cucciolla (1971) Jean Yanne (1972) Giancarlo Giannini (1973) Jack Nicholson (1974) Vittorio Gassman (1975) José Luis Gómez (1976) Fernando Rey (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Jack Lemmon (1979) 1980–1999 Michel Piccoli (1980) Ugo Tognazzi (1981) Jack Lemmon (1982) Gian Maria Volonté (1983) Alfredo Landa/Francisco Rabal (1984) William Hurt (1985) Michel Blanc/Bob Hoskins (1986) Marcello Mastroianni (1987) Forest Whitaker (1988) James Spader (1989) Gérard Depardieu (1990) John Turturro (1991) Tim Robbins (1992) David Thewlis (1993) Ge You (1994) Jonathan Pryce (1995) Pascal Duquenne/Daniel Auteuil (1996) Sean Penn (1997) Peter Mullan (1998) Emmanuel Schotte (1999) 2000–present Tony Leung Chiu-Wai (2000) Benoît Magimel (2001) Olivier Gourmet (2002) Muzaffer Ozdemir/Emin Toprak (2003) Yūya Yagira (2004) Tommy Lee Jones (2005) Jamel Debbouze/Samy Naceri/Roschdy Zem/Sami Bouajila/Bernard Blancan (2006) Konstantin Lavronenko (2007) Benicio del Toro (2008) Christoph Waltz (2009) Javier Bardem/Elio Germano (2010) Jean Dujardin (2011) Mads Mikkelsen (2012) Bruce Dern (2013) [hide] v t e Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie 1950s Thomas Mitchell (1952) Robert Cummings (1954) Lloyd Nolan (1955) Jack Palance (1956) Peter Ustinov (1957) Fred Astaire (1959) 1960s Laurence Olivier (1960) Maurice Evans (1961) Peter Falk (1962) Trevor Howard (1963) Jack Klugman (1964) Alfred Lunt (1965) Cliff Robertson (1966) Peter Ustinov (1967) Melvyn Douglas (1968) Paul Scofield (1969) 1970s Peter Ustinov (1970) George C. Scott (1971) Keith Michell (1972) Laurence Olivier (1973) Anthony Murphy (1973) Hal Holbrook (1974) William Holden (1974) Laurence Olivier (1975) Peter Falk (1975) Anthony Hopkins (1976) Hal Holbrook (1976) Ed Flanders (1977) Christopher Plummer (1977) Fred Astaire (1978) Michael Moriarty (1978) Peter Strauss (1979) 1980s Powers Boothe (1980) Anthony Hopkins (1981) Mickey Rooney (1982) Tommy Lee Jones (1983) Laurence Olivier (1984) Richard Crenna (1985) Dustin Hoffman (1986) James Woods (1987) Jason Robards (1988) James Woods (1989) 1990s Hume Cronyn (1990) John Gielgud (1991) Beau Bridges (1992) Robert Morse (1993) Hume Cronyn (1994) Raúl Juliá (1995) Alan Rickman (1996) Armand Assante (1997) Gary Sinise (1998) Stanley Tucci (1999) 2000s Jack Lemmon (2000) Kenneth Branagh (2001) Albert Finney (2002) William H. Macy (2003) Al Pacino (2004) Geoffrey Rush (2005) Andre Braugher (2006) Robert Duvall (2007) Paul Giamatti (2008) Brendan Gleeson (2009) 2010s Al Pacino (2010) Barry Pepper (2011) Kevin Costner (2012) Michael Douglas (2013) [hide] v t e Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s) 1990 Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder 1991 Roy Acuff Betty Comden and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw 1992 Lionel Hampton Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor 1993 Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams 1994 Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger 1995 Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon 1996 Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief 1997 Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella 1998 Bill Cosby Fred Ebb and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple Black 1999 Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s [hide] v t e National Board of Review Award for Best Actor Ray Milland (1945) Laurence Olivier (1946) Michael Redgrave (1947) Walter Huston (1948) Ralph Richardson (1949) Alec Guinness (1950) Richard Basehart (1951) Ralph Richardson (1952) James Mason (1953) Bing Crosby (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Yul Brynner (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) Spencer Tracy (1958) Victor Sjöström (1959) Robert Mitchum (1960) Albert Finney (1961) Jason Robards (1962) Rex Harrison (1963) Anthony Quinn (1964) Lee Marvin (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Peter Finch (1967) Cliff Robertson (1968) Peter O'Toole (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Peter O'Toole (1972) Al Pacino / Robert Ryan (1973) Gene Hackman (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) David Carradine (1976) John Travolta (1977) Jon Voight / Laurence Olivier (1978) Peter Sellers (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Tom Conti (1983) Victor Banerjee (1984) William Hurt / Raúl Juliá (1985) Paul Newman (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Gene Hackman (1988) Morgan Freeman (1989) Robert De Niro / Robin Williams (1990) Warren Beatty (1991) Jack Lemmon (1992) Anthony Hopkins (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Tom Cruise (1996) Jack Nicholson (1997) Ian McKellen (1998) Russell Crowe (1999) Javier Bardem (2000) Billy Bob Thornton (2001) Campbell Scott (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Jamie Foxx (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) George Clooney (2007) Clint Eastwood (2008) George Clooney / Morgan Freeman (2009) Jesse Eisenberg (2010) George Clooney (2011) Bradley Cooper (2012) [hide] v t e National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor John Williams (1954) Charles Bickford (1955) Richard Basehart (1956) Sessue Hayakawa (1957) Albert Salmi (1958) Hugh Griffith (1959) George Peppard (1960) Jackie Gleason (1961) Burgess Meredith (1962) Melvyn Douglas (1963) Martin Balsam (1964) Harry Andrews (1965) Robert Shaw (1966) Paul Ford (1967) Leo McKern (1968) Philippe Noiret (1969) Frank Langella (1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey / Al Pacino (1972) John Houseman (1973) Holger Löwenadler (1974) Charles Durning (1975) Jason Robards (1976) Tom Skerritt (1977) Richard Farnsworth (1978) Paul Dooley (1979) Joe Pesci (1980) Jack Nicholson (1981) Robert Preston (1982) Jack Nicholson (1983) John Malkovich (1984) Klaus Maria Brandauer (1985) Daniel Day-Lewis (1986) Sean Connery (1987) River Phoenix (1988) Alan Alda (1989) Joe Pesci (1990) Anthony Hopkins (1991) Jack Nicholson (1992) Leonardo DiCaprio (1993) Gary Sinise (1994) Kevin Spacey (1995) Edward Norton (1996) Greg Kinnear (1997) Ed Harris (1998) Philip Seymour Hoffman (1999) Joaquin Phoenix (2000) Jim Broadbent (2001) Chris Cooper (2002) Alec Baldwin (2003) Thomas Haden Church (2004) Jake Gyllenhaal (2005) Djimon Hounsou (2006) Casey Affleck (2007) Josh Brolin (2008) Woody Harrelson (2009) Christian Bale (2010) Christopher Plummer (2011) Leonardo DiCaprio (2012) [hide] v t e Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play (1947–1975) José Ferrer / Fredric March (1947) Henry Fonda / Paul Kelly / Basil Rathbone (1948) Rex Harrison (1949) Sidney Blackmer (1950) Claude Rains (1951) José Ferrer (1952) Tom Ewell (1953) David Wayne (1954) Alfred Lunt (1955) Paul Muni (1956) Fredric March (1957) Ralph Bellamy (1958) Jason Robards, Jr. (1959) Melvyn Douglas (1960) Zero Mostel (1961) Paul Scofield (1962) Arthur Hill (1963) Alec Guinness (1964) Walter Matthau (1965) Hal Holbrook (1966) Paul Rogers (1967) Martin Balsam (1968) James Earl Jones (1969) Fritz Weaver (1970) Brian Bedford (1971) Cliff Gorman (1972) Alan Bates (1973) Michael Moriarty (1974) John Kani and Winston Ntshona (1975) Complete list (1947–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) Categories: 1922 births2000 deathsActors from Chicago, IllinoisActors from New YorkAmerican male film actorsAmerican military personnel of World War IIAmerican male stage actorsAmerican male television actorsAmerican male voice actorsAudio book narratorsBest Supporting Actor Academy Award winnersCancer deaths in ConnecticutDeaths from lung cancerOutstanding Performance by a Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie Primetime Emmy Award winnersKennedy Center honoreesObie Award recipientsActors from Los Angeles, CaliforniaMale Spaghetti Western actorsTony Award winnersUnited States National Medal of Arts recipientsUnited States Navy personnelMale Western (genre) film actorsActors from Fairfield, Connecticut20th-century American male actors21st-century American male actorsAmerican people of English descentAmerican people of Welsh descentAmerican people of Irish descentAmerican people of Swedish descent