About John H. Outland
John H. Outland (March 7, 1871 – March 24, 1947) was an American football player and coach. He played football at Penn College in Oskaloosa, Iowa, the University of Kansas, and the University of Pennsylvania. He was twice named an All-American while playing for the Penn Quakers, in 1897 as a tackle and in 1898 as a halfback. After playing, Outland coached at Franklin & Marshall College in 1900, the University of Kansas in 1901, and Washburn University from 1904 to 1905, compiling a career college football record of 21–15–2. He is the namesake of the Outland Trophy, an annual award established in 1946 and given to best interior lineman in college football. Outland was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 2001.
Early life and playing career---
Outland was born in Hesper, Kansas. He was a member of the first football team at Penn College in Oskaloosa, Iowa in 1891. Outland captained the team in 1892, scoring 32 of the team's 36 points. After starring in football and baseball at the University of Kansas in 1895 and 1896, Outland went to Philadelphia to complete his medical education at the University of Pennsylvania. There he became one of the few men ever to win All-American football honors as both lineman and the backfield player. He was picked by Walter Camp as a tackle as a first-team All-American in 1897. In 1898, he was selected again, this time as a halfback. He was captain of the 1898 Pennsylvania team and was voted "Most Popular Man" at the University of Pennsylvania.
Outland worked his way through college and spent his last two summers as a companion to rich young men who were alcoholics. To keep the away from alcohol, Outland took them on camping trips in the Wyoming mountains.
After receiving his medical degree, Outland served as a major in the United States Army Medical Corps during World War I.
Outland was the founder of the Kansas Relays, having obtained the inspiration for that event at Penn, when as a student, he saw the Penn Relays just getting under way. For many years he held the post of honorary referee of the Kansas events.
Outland conceived the idea of the Outland Trophy because of his belief that interior lineman were not given enough recognition in college football. The trophy is the third oldest college football trophy. Selection of the winner is made by the Football Writers Association of America.
Outland suffered a stroke in March 1947 and died at his home in Laguna Beach, California two weeks later.