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Juliana (Juliane) FitzMaurice of Offaly, Lady of Thomond

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died in Thomond, Connaught, Clare, Ireland
Place of Burial: Dublin, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland and Maud de Prendergast, Lady of Offaly
Wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond; Nicholas Avenal and Adam de Cretignes
Mother of Matilda (Maud) de Clare; Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond; Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond and Margaret de Clare, Baroness of Badlesmere
Sister of Amabel FitzMaurice

Occupation: a Norman-Irish noblewoman
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Juliane FitzMaurice

Note from Curator Pam Wilson:

Juliana FitzMaurice was the daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice and Maud de Prendergast (not Emmeline de Longespee).

She married 3 times:

  1. Thomas de Clare
  2. Nicholas Avenel
  3. Adam de Cretinges

She is NOT the Juliana who married John (de) Cogan (that is her cousin, Juliana FitzGerald--see below).

Charles Cawley (FMG) does not mention the marriage to Nicholas Avenel. He writes [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm]:

JULIANA . Her parentage [Maurice and Matilda de Prendergrast] and two marriages are confirmed by documents attached to a writ dated 28 Jul 1292, relating to claims made by "Thomas de Clare and Maurice Fitz Maurice" against "the vill of Youghal", which include (1) an agreement dated 18 Feb 1275 relating to lands granted by Thomas to Maurice, remainder to Thomas and “the heirs of his body begotten of Juliana his wife”, (2) a writ dated 6 Apr 1292 recording that “Adam de Cretinge and Juliana his wife” had shown that “Maurice Fitz Maurice” had “enfeoffed Thomas the Clare formerly Juliana´s husband and Juliana herself” of certain property, and (3) an inquisition taken 12 Aug 1292 which found that “Thomas de Clare and Juliana his wife were jointly enfeoffed by Maurice Fitz Maurice, Juliana´s father”[565]. The identity of Juliana´s mother is confirmed by the inquisitions following the death of her stepmother Emmeline de Longespee (see above) which recorded that the heirs of the deceased were descendants of her sister, not descendants of Juliana and her husband Thomas de Clare.

m firstly ([1274/12 Feb 1275]) THOMAS de Clare Lord of Thomond, son of RICHARD de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford & his wife Matilda de Lacy (-29 Aug 1287).

Children [Inserted from http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#ThomasClaredied1287]:

a) MARGARET de Clare (-late 1333). The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. Inquisitions made after a writ dated 10 Apr "14 Edw II", after the death of "Thomas son of Richard de Clare", name "Margaret the wife of Bartholomew de Badelesmere and Maud the wife of Robert de Welle, aunts of the said Thomas and sisters of the said Richard are his next heirs and aged 30 or more”[2017]. King Edward III ordered the restoration of her lands to “Margaretæ quæ fuit uxor Bartholomæi de Badelesmere” by charter dated 22 Feb 1327[2018]. m firstly (1289) GILBERT de Umfraville, son of GILBERT de Umfraville Earl of Angus & his wife Elizabeth Comyn of Buchan (-before 23 May 1303). m secondly (before 30 Jun 1308) BARTHOLOMEW de Badlesmere of Badlesmere and Chilham Castle, Kent, son of GUNCELIN Badlesmere & his wife Joan FitzBernard of Kingsdown, Kent (-1322). He was summoned to Parliament in 1309 whereby he is deemed to have become Lord Badlesmere.

b) GILBERT de Clare (Limerick 3 Feb 1281-1308). Lord of Thomond. A writ dated 6 Jul "29 Edw I" records proof of age taken of "Gilbert son and heir of Thomas de Clare", a witness stating that he was born "at Lymerick and baptised...there...on the morrow of the Purification 9 Edw I and was 21 on the morrow of the same feast last”[2019]. m ISABELLA, daughter of --- (-1322). Inquisitions made after a writ dated 10 Apr "14 Edw II", after the death of "Thomas son of Richard de Clare", record land in Ireland "Corkemoid [alias Corkemoyth]...whereof Isabel late the wife of Gilbert de Clare is dowered”[2020].

   

c) RICHARD de Clare (after 1281-1318). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Lord of Thomond. m JOANNA, daughter of --- (-1322). Inquisitions made after a writ dated 10 Apr "14 Edw II", after the death of "Thomas son of Richard de Clare", record land in Ireland "Coulirthir...held in dower by Joan late the wife of Richard de Clare”[2021]. Richard & his wife had one child:

i) THOMAS de Clare (-before 10 Apr 1321). Inquisitions made after a writ dated 10 Apr "14 Edw II", after the death of "Thomas son of Richard de Clare", name "Margaret the wife of Bartholomew de Badelesmere and Maud the wife of Robert de Welle, aunts of the said Thomas and sisters of the said Richard are his next heirs and aged 30 or more”[2022].

d) MATILDA de Clare (-[4 Mar/24 May] 1327). The Annals of Worcester record the marriage 12 Nov 1295 of “Robertus de Clifford” and “filiam Thomæ de Clara neptem comitis Geleberti”[2023]. Inquisitions made after a writ dated 10 Apr "14 Edw II", after the death of "Thomas son of Richard de Clare", name "Margaret the wife of Bartholomew de Badelesmere and Maud the wife of Robert de Welle, aunts of the said Thomas and sisters of the said Richard are his next heirs and aged 30 or more”[2024]. m firstly (12 Nov 1295) ROBERT [I] de Clifford Lord Clifford, son of ROGER [III] de Clifford & his wife Isabel de Vipont (-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314). m secondly (before 16 Dec 1315) ROBERT de Welle Lord Welle, son of --- (-Aug 1320).

[Juliana] m secondly (before 6 Apr 1292) as his second wife, ADAM de Creting, son of ---. [A writ dated 8 Feb "24 Edw I", following the death of "Adam de Creting alias de Cretinge", names "John his son aged 17 [...aged 19...aged 20] is his next heir”, and inquisitions dated 30 Jun “27 Edw I”, following a writ dated 24 Sep “26 Edw I”, records “Rumford in Haveryngge [Essex]. The said Adam and Nichola his wife were enfeoffed jointly of the manor”[566]. The inquisitions include no reference to land in Ireland and it is assumed that these two writs followed the death of a different Adam de Creting.]

Note from Curator Pam Wilson (24 September 2010): There is a problem with conflicting sources. FMG MedLands shows that there were *two* Julianas who were first cousins: one (A) the daughter of Gerald (II) FitzMaurice and the other (B) the daughter of his brother Maurice FitzMaurice (m. Maud de Prendergast and Emmeline de Longespee), both of whom were sons of Maurice FitzGerald, Baron Offaly, and his wife Juliana. So both would have been named after their paternal grandmother.

According to MedLands, Juliana (A) married John de Cogan, while Juliana (B) married both Thomas de Clare of Thomond and Nicholas Avenel.

ThePeerage.com is closely in agreement with FMG/MedLands and positions the Juliana (B) who married Thomas de Clare and Nicholas Avenel as the daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice and Emmeline de Longespee.

The references from the LDS Family Search as well as one from Rootsweb's WorldConnect collapse the identities of the two Julianas (A) and (B), while another reference has her married to Gilbert "The-Red-Earl" De Clare as well as Thomas de Clare.

A well-researched genealogy by John Blythe Dobson at http://library.uwinnipeg.ca/people/dobson/genealogy/ff/FitzAlan/FitzAlan-AT.cfm says of her:

<<Julian FitzMaurice, d. 1300, her father’s coheiress.[40] She is called in an inquisition “Juliana quæ fuit uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti, filia et altera hæres … Mauritii filii Mauritii,” while another taken a little later shows that she had remarried to Adam de Cretinge, referring to “Adam de Cretinge et Juliana uxor ejus (filia Mauritii filii Mauritii defuncti) quondam uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti.”[41]>>

This would seem to support the addition of a third husband, Adam de Cretinge, based on referencing (#40) Magna Charta Sureties, 5th ed., line 144; Paget, 1:14; AR8, line 178. and (#41) Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:431, 448.

Researchers on GEN-MEDIEVAL-L seem to support the version on FMG/MedLands as well, with the exception of Douglas Richarson's well-backed claim that Juliana could not have been the daughter of Emmeline de Longespee but was instead the daughter of Maud Prendergast (see http://tinyurl.com/h32qw for more details):

"Juliana's mother was NOT Emmeline Longespee as claimed everywhere in print. A careful examination of Emmeline Longespee's records shows that at her

death, Emmeline's IPM did NOT list Juliana as her daughter and heiress. Rather, Emmeline's heir was her grand niece, Maud la Zouche, wife of Robert, lst Lord Holand. In fact, all of Emmeline's property appears to have gone to Maud and possibly to Maud's sister, Ellen."

After extensive research and study of this problem, I am going to set the family tree on Geni.com for Juliana following FMG/MedLands with the exception of her mother, who I will set as Maud de Prendergast because of the lack of any counterevidence by FMG.

I have also made changes to the wikipedia page for her, which is unfortunately still listed as Juliana FitzGerald (rather than FitzMaurice).

__________________

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady of Thomond

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Juliana FitzMaurice

Lady of Inchiquin and Youghal

Lady of Thomond

Spouse(s)

Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal

Nicholas Avenel

Adam de Cretynges

Issue

Maud de Clare

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex

Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere

Noble family FitzGerald

Father Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland

Mother Maud de Prendergast

Born c. 1263

Dublin, Ireland

Died 24 September 1300 (aged about 37)

Juliana FitzMaurice, Lady of Thomond (c. 1263 – 24 September 1300) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford. Juliana was married three times; Thomas being her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzGerald.

[edit] Family

Juliana FitzMaurice was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238–1286) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242 – before 1273).[1]She had a sister Amabel who married but was childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1194 – 20 May 1257) and Juliana, and her maternal grandparents were Sir Gerald de Prendergast of Beauvoir and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline de Longespee, but fathered no children by her. It had been previously believed that Emmeline was Juliana's mother, but many genealogists, including Douglas Richardson, have since established that the mother of Juliana and her sister Amabel was Maud de Prendergast, since Emmeline's heiress was Maud La Zouche, wife of Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand, and the granddaughter of her elder sister, Ela Longespee, which is further proof that she died childless. [2] The Complete Peerage also confirms this.

Bunratty Castle, the home of Juliana FitzMaurice and Thomas de Clare

Marriages and issue

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and on 26 January 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

   * Maud de Clare (c. 1276 – 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
   * Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281 – 1308)
   * Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281 – 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
   * Margaret de Clare (c. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333 / 3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas was killed in battle on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges [5].

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

References

   * The Complete Peerage, Vol. VII, p.200
   * Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Ireland, Earls of Kildare
   * Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)
   * Joe Power, 'The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009
  1. ^ The Complete Peerage
  2. ^ Douglas Richardson, "Parentage of Juliane Fitz Maurice," 24 April 2004, soc.genealogy.medieval newsgroup, http://groups.google.com/group/soc.genealogy.medieval/
  3. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)
  4. ^ Joe Power, The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009
  5. ^ “Adam de Cretinge et Juliana uxor ejus (filia Mauritii filii Mauritii defuncti) quondam uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti.” Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:431, 448.

_____________

ThePeerage.com

http://www.thepeerage.com/p358.htm:

Last Edited=29 Apr 2009

Juliana FitzMaurice was born circa 1249 at Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland.2 She was the daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée.1

She married, firstly, Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy.3

She married, secondly, Nicholas Avenal.4

She died circa 1300.

Her married name became Avenal.4 Her married name became de Clare.5

Children of Juliana FitzMaurice and Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

   * Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+6 d. 7 Jun 1318
   * Maud de Clare+5 b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 1327
   * Gilbert de Clare6 b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 1307
   * Margaret de Clare+1 b. c 1287, d. 1333

Citations

  1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  2. [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
  3. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.
  4. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2297. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  5. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.
  6. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

-----------------

Wikipedia:

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady Thomond (c.1263- 24 September 1300), was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of

Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford. Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

Family

Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1287) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242- before 1273).[1]She had a younger sister Amabel who died childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1190- 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Gerald de Prendergast and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.[2]

Bunratty Castle, the home of Juliana FitzGerald and Thomas de Clare

Marriages and children

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas died on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

--------------------

--------------------

Juliana FitzMaurice1

F, #3572, b. circa 1249, d. circa 1300

Last Edited=7 Apr 2007

    Juliana FitzMaurice was born circa 1249 at Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland.2 She was the daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée.1 She married Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy.3 She died circa 1300.
    Her married name became de Clare.4 She was also known as Julian FitzMaurice.4

Children of Juliana FitzMaurice and Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+ d. 7 Jun 13185

Maud de Clare+ b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 13274

Gilbert de Clare b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 13075

Margaret de Clare+ b. c 1287, d. 13331

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

view all 27

Juliane FitzMaurice's Timeline

1260
1260
Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
1274
1274
Age 14
1276
1276
Age 16
Thomond, County Clare, Munster, Ireland
1281
February 3, 1281
Age 21
Limerick, Limerick City, Limerick, Ireland
1281
Age 21
Essex, England
1287
April 1, 1287
Age 27
Connaught, County Clare, Thurmond, Ireland
1288
1288
Age 28
2ND Husband
1292
1292
Age 32
1300
September 24, 1300
Age 40
Thomond, Connaught, Clare, Ireland
September 24, 1300
Age 40
Dublin, Ireland