Juliana (Juliane) FitzMaurice of Offaly, Lady of Thomond (1263 - 1300) MP

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Birthplace: 1249-1263; Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died in Thomond, Connaught, Clare, Ireland
Occupation: a Norman-Irish noblewoman
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Juliana (Juliane) FitzMaurice of Offaly, Lady of Thomond

Note from Curator Pam Wilson:

Juliana FitzMaurice daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice and Maud de Prendergast

married 3 times:

Thomas de Clare

Nicholas Avenel

Adam de Cretinges

She is NOT the Juliana who married John de Crogan (that is her cousin--see below).

Note from Curator Pam Wilson (24 September 2010): There is a problem with conflicting sources. FMG MedLands shows that there were *two* Julianas who were first cousins: one (A) the daughter of Gerald (II) FitzMaurice and the other (B) the daughter of his brother Maurice FitzMaurice (m. Maud de Prendergast and Emmeline de Longespee), both of whom were sons of Maurice FitzGerald, Baron Offaly, and his wife Juliana. So both would have been named after their paternal grandmother.

According to MedLands, Juliana (A) married John de Cogan, while Juliana (B) married both Thomas de Clare of Thomond and Nicholas Avenel.

ThePeerage.com is closely in agreement with FMG/MedLands and positions the Juliana (B) who married Thomas de Clare and Nicholas Avenel as the daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice and Emmeline de Longespee.

The references from the LDS Family Search as well as one from Rootsweb's WorldConnect collapse the identities of the two Julianas (A) and (B), while another reference has her married to Gilbert "The-Red-Earl" De Clare as well as Thomas de Clare.

A well-researched genealogy by John Blythe Dobson at http://library.uwinnipeg.ca/people/dobson/genealogy/ff/FitzAlan/FitzAlan-AT.cfm says of her:

<<Julian FitzMaurice, d. 1300, her father’s coheiress.[40] She is called in an inquisition “Juliana quæ fuit uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti, filia et altera hæres … Mauritii filii Mauritii,” while another taken a little later shows that she had remarried to Adam de Cretinge, referring to “Adam de Cretinge et Juliana uxor ejus (filia Mauritii filii Mauritii defuncti) quondam uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti.”[41]>>

This would seem to support the addition of a third husband, Adam de Cretinge, based on referencing (#40) Magna Charta Sureties, 5th ed., line 144; Paget, 1:14; AR8, line 178. and (#41) Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:431, 448.

Researchers on GEN-MEDIEVAL-L seem to support the version on FMG/MedLands as well, with the exception of Douglas Richarson's well-backed claim that Juliana could not have been the daughter of Emmeline de Longespee but was instead the daughter of Maud Prendergast (see http://tinyurl.com/h32qw for more details):

"Juliana's mother was NOT Emmeline Longespee as claimed everywhere in print. A careful examination of Emmeline Longespee's records shows that at her

death, Emmeline's IPM did NOT list Juliana as her daughter and heiress. Rather, Emmeline's heir was her grand niece, Maud la Zouche, wife of Robert, lst Lord Holand. In fact, all of Emmeline's property appears to have gone to Maud and possibly to Maud's sister, Ellen."

After extensive research and study of this problem, I am going to set the family tree on Geni.com for Juliana following FMG/MedLands with the exception of her mother, who I will set as Maud de Prendergast because of the lack of any counterevidence by FMG.

I have also made changes to the wikipedia page for her, which is unfortunately still listed as Juliana FitzGerald (rather than FitzMaurice).

__________________

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm

GERALD FitzMaurice, son of MAURICE FitzGerald & his [first/second] wife --- ([1150]-1203). The Expugnatio Hibernica names "duo Mauricii filii, Giraldus et Alexander"[537]. Baron of Offaly. The Annales Cambriæ record the death in 1200 of "Geraldus filius Mauricii" in Ireland[538].

m ([1193]) as her first husband, EVE, daughter of [ROBERT de Bermingham & his wife ---] (-[1226]). She married secondly Geoffrey FitzRobert, and thirdly Geoffrey de Marsh.

Gerald & his wife had one child:

1. MAURICE FitzGerald (-1257). Baron of Offaly. m JULIANA, daughter of ---. Maurice & his wife had four children:

a) GERALD FitzMaurice ([1220]-1243). m ---. The name of Gerald´s wife is not known. Gerald & his wife had two children:

i) MAURICE FitzGerald (-1268). Baron of Offaly. m firstly ---. m secondly as her first husband, AGNES de Valence Dame de Danfalize, daughter of WILLIAM de Lusignan "de Valence" Seigneur de Valence Lord of Pembroke & his wife Joan Munchensy. She married secondly Hugh Balliol Baron of Bywell, and thirdly Jean d'Avesnes Seigneur de Beaumont. Maurice & his [first/second] wife had one child:

(a) GERALD FitzMaurice (-1287). Baron of Offaly. m JOAN de Joinville, daughter of GEOFFREY de Joinville (Geneville], Justiciar of Ireland & his wife Matilda de Lacy.

ii) JULIANA (-after 1309). m JOHN de Cogan (1243-1275).

b) MAURICE FitzMaurice (-1286). m firstly as her second husband, MATILDA, widow of MAURICE de Rocheford, daughter of GERALD de Prendergast & his wife ---. m secondly EMMELINE de Longespee, daughter of STEPHEN Longuespee [Seneschal of Gascony, Justiciar of Ireland] & his wife Emmeline de Rydeleford. The Book of Lacock names “Elam de la Souch…Emelinam” as the children of “Stephanus Lungespee” and his wife “Emelinam comitissam de Ulton”, adding that Emeline married “Mauritio filio Mauritii”[539]. Maurice & his first wife had one child:

i) AMABEL . m ANDREW Avenel .

Maurice & his second wife had one child:

ii) JULIANA . m firstly THOMAS de Clare Lord of Thomond, son of RICHARD de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford & his wife Matilda de Lacy (-1287). m secondly NICHOLAS Avenel .

c) DAVID FitzMaurice .

d) THOMAS FitzMaurice (-Ballyloughmask, co. Mayo 1271). m ---. The name of Thomas´s wife is not known. Thomas & his wife had one child:

i) JOHN FitzThomas (-Laraghbryan, near Maynooth 12 Sep 1316, bur Kildare, Church of the Friars Minor). Baron of Offaly. He was created Earl of Kildare in 1316.

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Juliana FitzGerald, Lady of Thomond

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Juliana FitzMaurice

Lady of Inchiquin and Youghal

Lady of Thomond

Spouse(s)

Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal

Nicholas Avenel

Adam de Cretynges

Issue

Maud de Clare

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex

Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere

Noble family FitzGerald

Father Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland

Mother Maud de Prendergast

Born c. 1263

Dublin, Ireland

Died 24 September 1300 (aged about 37)

Juliana FitzMaurice, Lady of Thomond (c. 1263 – 24 September 1300) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford. Juliana was married three times; Thomas being her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzGerald.

[edit] Family

Juliana FitzMaurice was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice (FitzGerald), 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238–1286) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242 – before 1273).[1]She had a sister Amabel who married but was childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1194 – 20 May 1257) and Juliana, and her maternal grandparents were Sir Gerald de Prendergast of Beauvoir and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline de Longespee, but fathered no children by her. It had been previously believed that Emmeline was Juliana's mother, but many genealogists, including Douglas Richardson, have since established that the mother of Juliana and her sister Amabel was Maud de Prendergast, since Emmeline's heiress was Maud La Zouche, wife of Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand, and the granddaughter of her elder sister, Ela Longespee, which is further proof that she died childless. [2] The Complete Peerage also confirms this.

Bunratty Castle, the home of Juliana FitzMaurice and Thomas de Clare

Marriages and issue

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and on 26 January 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

   * Maud de Clare (c. 1276 – 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
   * Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281 – 1308)
   * Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281 – 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
   * Margaret de Clare (c. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333 / 3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas was killed in battle on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges [5].

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

References

   * The Complete Peerage, Vol. VII, p.200
   * Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Ireland, Earls of Kildare
   * Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)
   * Joe Power, 'The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009
  1. ^ The Complete Peerage
  2. ^ Douglas Richardson, "Parentage of Juliane Fitz Maurice," 24 April 2004, soc.genealogy.medieval newsgroup, http://groups.google.com/group/soc.genealogy.medieval/
  3. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)
  4. ^ Joe Power, The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009
  5. ^ “Adam de Cretinge et Juliana uxor ejus (filia Mauritii filii Mauritii defuncti) quondam uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti.” Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:431, 448.

_____________

ThePeerage.com

http://www.thepeerage.com/p358.htm:

Last Edited=29 Apr 2009

Juliana FitzMaurice was born circa 1249 at Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland.2 She was the daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée.1

She married, firstly, Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy.3

She married, secondly, Nicholas Avenal.4

She died circa 1300.

Her married name became Avenal.4 Her married name became de Clare.5

Children of Juliana FitzMaurice and Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

   * Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+6 d. 7 Jun 1318
   * Maud de Clare+5 b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 1327
   * Gilbert de Clare6 b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 1307
   * Margaret de Clare+1 b. c 1287, d. 1333

Citations

  1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  2. [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
  3. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.
  4. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2297. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  5. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.
  6. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

-----------------

Wikipedia?

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady Thomond (c.1263- 24 September 1300), was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of

Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford. Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

Family

Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1287) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242- before 1273).[1]She had a younger sister Amabel who died childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1190- 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Gerald de Prendergast and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.[2]

Bunratty Castle, the home of Juliana FitzGerald and Thomas de Clare

Marriages and children

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas died on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

--------------------

--------------------

Juliana FitzMaurice1

F, #3572, b. circa 1249, d. circa 1300

Last Edited=7 Apr 2007

    Juliana FitzMaurice was born circa 1249 at Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland.2 She was the daughter of Sir Maurice fitz Maurice and Emeline de Longespée.1 She married Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and Matilda de Lacy.3 She died circa 1300.
    Her married name became de Clare.4 She was also known as Julian FitzMaurice.4

Children of Juliana FitzMaurice and Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond

Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare+ d. 7 Jun 13185

Maud de Clare+ b. c 1276, d. fr 4 Mar 1326/27 - 24 May 13274

Gilbert de Clare b. 3 Feb 1280/81, d. 13075

Margaret de Clare+ b. c 1287, d. 13331

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 200.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 247.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

--------------------

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady of Thomond (c.1263- 24 September 1300), was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford. Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

[edit] Family

Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1286) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242- before 1273).[1]She had a younger sister Amabel who married but was childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1194- 20 May 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Sir Gerald de Prendergast of Beauvoir and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.[2]


Bunratty Castle, the home of Juliana FitzGerald and Thomas de Clare[edit] Marriages and issue

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and on 26 January 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

Maud de Clare (c.1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.

Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1308)

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas was killed in battle on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

[edit] References

The Complete Peerage, Vol. VII, p.200

Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Ireland, Earls of Kildare

Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)

Joe Power, 'The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009

1.^ The Complete Peerage

2.^ It had been previously believed that Emmeline was Juliana's mother, but many genealogists, including Douglas Richardson have since established that the mother of Juliana and her sister, Amabel was Maud de Prendergast. The Complete Peerage also confirms this. Maurice FitzGerald did not have any children by his second wife, Emmeline Longespee. In point of fact, Emmeline's heiress was Maud La Zouche, wife of Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand, and the granddaughter of her elder sister, Ela Longespee, which is further proof that she died childless.

3.^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Earls of Gloucester (Clare)

4.^ Joe Power, The Normans in Ireland, retrieved on 28 May 2009

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliana_FitzGerald,_Lady_of_Thomond"

Categories: 1263 births | 1300 deaths | Daughters of barons | Anglo-Normans in Ireland | Medieval women | 13th-century Irish people | FitzGerald family -------------------- Juliana FitzGerald, Lady of Thomond (c.1263- 24 September 1300), was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond, a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford. Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

Family

Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin, Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1286) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (17 March 1242- before 1273). She had a younger sister Amabel who married but was childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare. Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1194- 20 May 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Sir Gerald de Prendergast of Beauvoir and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh, Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy. Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.

Marriages and children

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England, with whom he went on a Crusade. He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland, and on 26 January 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond. He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle, which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:

   * Maud de Clare (c.1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
   * Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1308)
   * Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
   * Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.

Thomas was killed in battle on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died on 24 September 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V, Edward IV, Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne Boleyn, Mary Boleyn, and Diana, Princess of Wales. The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.

view all 31

Juliane FitzMaurice's Timeline

1263
1263
1249-1263; Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
1270
1270
Age 7
1275
1275
Age 12
1276
1276
Age 13
Thomond, County Clare, Munster, Ireland
1278
1278
Age 15
Essex, England
1280
February 3, 1280
Age 17
1280
Age 17
1287
April 1, 1287
Age 24
Connaught, County Clare, Thurmond, Ireland
1288
1288
Age 25
2ND Husband
1292
1292
Age 29