Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere (c.1287 - 1333) MP

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Nicknames: "Margaret de clare baroness Badlesmere"
Birthplace: Bunratty Castle , Connaught, County Clare, Thurmond, Ireland
Death: Died in London, Aldgate, England
Occupation: Baroness of Badlesmere, a Norman-Irish noblewoman and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere
Managed by: Patricia Norton Chong
Last Updated:

About Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Lady_Badlesmere]

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/ 3 January 1334) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere.[1]

In 1321, she was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London for refusing Isabella of France, Queen consort of King Edward II, admittance to Leeds Castle of which her husband, Lord Badlesmere, was castellan.

Contents

1 Family 2 Marriages 3 Leeds Castle 4 Issue 5 Ancestry 6 References 7 Sources


Family

Margaret was born at Bunratty Castle in Thomond, Ireland on or about 1 April 1287, the youngest child of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly. Her paternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy. Her maternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1242), daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and a de Burgh daughter whose first name is not known. Margaret's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru, Dermot McMurrough, and Maud de Braose.

Margaret had an elder sister, Maud and two brothers, Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond, and Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond, who was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318.[2]

On 29 August 1287, when she was almost five months of age, her father was killed in battle. Her mother married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel, sometime afterwards.

Margaret was co-heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of her brother Richard, by which she inherited the manors of Plashes in Standon, Hertfordshire and lands in Thomond, Limerick and Cork in 1321 upon the death of Thomas.[3]

Marriages

Before 1303, she married firstly, Gilbert de Umfraville, son of Gilbert de Umphraville, Earl of Angus, and Elizabeth Comyn. Upon their marriage, the Earl of Angus granted Gilbert and Margaret the manors of Hambleton and Market Overton. When Gilbert died childless, sometime before 1307, the manors passed to Margaret.

Sometime before 30 June 1308, she married secondly, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, (1275-14 April 1322), an English baron and Governor of Bristol Castle, by whom she had five children.[4] She was styled as Lady Badlesmere on 26 October 1309, and henceforth known by that title.[5]


Lord Badlesmere was appointed castellan of the Royal Castle of Leeds in Kent, by Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, Regent of King Edward II. In October 1321, the queen consort Isabella of France went on a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas at Canterbury. She decided to break her journey by stopping at Leeds Castle, which was given to her as part of her dowry[6] Bartholomew was away at the time leaving Margaret in charge of the castle. Due to her dislike of Isabella as well as her own belligerent character, she refused the Queen admittance, and subsequently ordered her archers to fire upon Queen Isabella when she approached the outer barbican. When King Edward heard of the treatment meted out to his consort by Margaret, he sent an expeditionary force to the castle. After a successful assault of the castle, with the King's troops using ballistas, the defenders surrendered, and Margaret was seized and sent to the Tower of London.[7]

As a result of Margaret's arrest, Lord Badlesmere joined Lancaster's rebellion and fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322. He was arrested and afterward hanged for treason on 14 April 1322. Margaret remained imprisoned in the Tower until 3 November 1322.[2] She was released from the Tower, due to the successful mediation, on her behalf, of her son-in-law William de Ros. She retired to the convent house of the Minorite Sisters, outside Aldgate.[8]

In 1328, her son Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder and succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere.

Margaret died between 22 October 1333 and 3 January 1334.[9]

Issue

1.Margery de Badlesmere (1308/1309- 18 October 1363), married before 25 November 1316, William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros of Hamlake. (c.1290- 3 February 1343[10]), by whom she had six children.

2.Maud de Badlesmere (1310- 24 May 1366), married firstly Robert FitzPayn, and secondly, John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford. By her second marriage, Maud had seven children.

3.Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313- 8 June 1356), married firstly Sir Edmund Mortimer, and secondly, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. Both marriages produced children.

4.Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338, married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.

5.Margaret de Badlesmere (born 1315), married John Tiptoft, 2nd Lord Tiptoft, by whom she had one son, Robert Tiptoft.

References

1.^ Thomas B. Costain "The Three Edwards" 2.^ a b The Complete Peerage. 3.^ Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, p. 35 4.^ The Complete Peerage 5.^ The Complete Peerage, volume 1, page 372. 6.^ Thonas B.Costain "The Three Edwards" pages 193-95 7.^ Costain,pages 193-95 8.^ Richardson and Everingham, p.35 9.^ Richardson and Everingham,p.35 10.^ thePeerage.com.pp.10696

Sources

1.G.E. Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. 2.Thomas B. Costain The Three Edwards. Published by Doubleday, 1958 3.Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Lady_Badlesmere" Categories: 1287 births | 1333 deaths | Anglo-Normans in Ireland | Women of medieval England | Prisoners in the Tower of London

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Margaret de Clare1 F, #3559, b. circa 1287, d. 1333

Last Edited=1 Jan 2004

    Margaret de Clare was born circa 1287.2 She was the daughter of Sir Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzMaurice.1 She married, firstly, Gilbert de Umfreville, son of Gilbert de Umfreville, 8th Earl of Angus and Elizabeth Comyn, before 1303.1 She married, secondly, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, son of Guncelin de Badlesmere and Joan FitzBernard, before 30 June 1308.1 She died in 1333.1
    From before 1303, her married name became de Umfreville.1 From before 30 June 1308, her married name became de Badlesmere.1 As a result of her marriage, Margaret de Clare was styled as Lady Badlesmere on 26 October 1309. In 1321 she refused the Queen admission to the Royal Castle of Leeds, leading to the siege and capture of the Castle.2 Between 11 November 1321 and 3 November 1322 at Tower of London, The City, London, England, she was imprisoned.2

Children of Margaret de Clare and Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere Margery de Badlesmere+ b. c 13063 Maud de Badlesmere+ b. c 1310, d. 13663 Elizabeth de Badlesmere+ b. c 1313, d. 8 Jun 13563 Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Lord Badlesmere b. 18 Oct 1314, d. 7 Jun 13382 Margaret de Badlesmere+ b. c 13153

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 149. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 372. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 373.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere

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Margaret de Clare, Baroness of Badlesmere's Timeline

1255
1255
Badlesmere, Kent, England
1287
April 1, 1287
Connaught, County Clare, Thurmond, Ireland
1289
1289
Age 1
Of Castle, Prudhoe, Northumberland, England
1303
1303
Age 15
Of, Castle, Badlesmere, Kent, England
1304
December 3, 1304
Age 17
Kent, England
1309
1309
Age 21
Castle,Penmark,Glamorganshire,Wales
1310
1310
Age 22
Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, (Present UK)
1313
1313
Age 25
Chilham Castle, Badlesmere, Kent, England
1314
October 1, 1314
Age 27
Hambleton, Rutlandshire, England
1315
December 3, 1315
Age 28
Castle, Badlesmere, Kent, England