Nicolaas Willem Herbst (1897 - 1901)

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Birthplace: Bloemfontein, South Africa
Death: Died in South Africa
Cause of death: Broncho Phneumonia
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Nicolaas Willem Herbst

Aliwal North Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Master Nicolaas Willem Herbst

Born in camp? No

Place of death: Aliwal North RC

Age died: 5 years

Died in camp? Yes

Cause of death: broncho-pneumonia

Gender: male

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Free State

Registration as child: Yes

Unique ID: 26070

Camp History

Name: Aliwal North RC

Farm History

Name: Koppieskraal

District: Bloemfontein


Title: RS 29 ORC DL

Type: Death lists

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: RS 29

Origin: Goldman

Notes: p.121

Title: Government Gazette of the Orange River Colony


Notes: 8/11/1901, p.634

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Nicolaas Willem Herbst's Timeline

May 3, 1897
South Africa
July 18, 1897
South Africa
January, 1901
Age 3

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

The origins of the Aliwal North camps are unusually well documented. In August 1900 Major Kendal Pretyman Apthorp, a relative of General Pretyman, the Military Governor of the Orange River Colony, was appointed District Commissioner of the Smithfield district. This area had a fairly large number of English-speaking farmers in addition to the Boer residents. When Apthorp took over, Smithfield was quiet. About forty impoverished families were asking for help and on 24 September 1900 Apthorp had to write to the Military Governor for funds and the right to appoint a Relief Committee to distribute aid.1
But at the end of September conditions began to change rapidly. Boer commandos had captured Zastron and Rouxville and occupied the towns for a couple of weeks. Shortly after Bethulie was threatened. A trickle of farmers began to rejoin the commandos. Apthorp was convinced that the Boers should be treated courteously and he was opposed to the farm burning which had begun to take place as reprisal for the raids. He was unhappy about the women, however, complaining that ‘they are far more bitter, and they excel the men as perverters of the truth’.

October 30, 1901
Age 4
South Africa
Age 3
South Africa