Prime Minister Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

Is your surname Primrose?

Research the Primrose family

Prime Minister Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

Also Known As: "1st Earl of Midlothian", "Lord Dalmeny"
Birthplace: Charles Street,Westminster,Middlesex,England
Death: Died in Durdans,Epsom,Surrey,England
Place of Burial: Dalmeny,West Lothian,Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Archibald John Primrose, Lord Dalmeny and Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Primrose (Stanhope)
Husband of Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery
Partner of Francis Douglas, 1st Baron Kelhead, Viscount Drumlanrig
Father of Sybil Myra Caroline Grant; Margaret Etrenne Hannah Crewe-Milnes (Primrose), Marchioness of Crewe; Harry Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery and Captain Rt. Hon. Neil James Archibald Primrose
Brother of Constance Evelyn Wyndham, Baroness Leconfield of Leconfield; Mary Catherine Constance Hope and Edward Henry Primrose

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Prime Minister Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery

The Rt Hon Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, KG, PC (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal statesman and Prime Minister. Between the death of his father, in 1851, and the death of his grandfather, the 4th Earl, in 1868, he was known by the courtesy title of Lord Dalmeny.

Rosebery first came to national attention in 1879–1880 by sponsoring the successful Midlothian campaign of William Ewart Gladstone. He briefly was in charge of Scottish affairs. This finest performance in office came as chairman of the London County Council in 1889. He entered the cabinet in 1885 and served twice as foreign minister, paying special attention to French and German affairs. He succeeded Gladstone as prime minister and leader of the Liberal party in 1894; the Liberals lost the 1895 election. He resigned the party leadership in 1896 and never again held political office. He was widely known as a brilliant orator, an outstanding sportsman and marksman, a writer and historian, connoisseur and collector. All of these activities attracted him more than politics, which grew boring and unattractive. Furthermore, he drifted to the right of the Liberal party and became a bitter critic of its policies.

view all

Prime Minister Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery's Timeline

May 7, 1847
Charles Street,Westminster,Middlesex,England
June 17, 1847
St Geo Han Sq,Westminster,Middlesex,England
March 20, 1878
Age 30
Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London, England
December 18, 1879
Age 32
Barnbougle, Midlothian, Scotland
January 1, 1881
Age 33
Epsom, Surrey, England
January 8, 1882
Age 34
Mayfair, Westminster, London, England
December 14, 1883
Age 36
Barnbougle, Midlothian, Scotland
May 21, 1929
Age 82
May 25, 1929
Age 82
Dalmeny,West Lothian,Scotland