Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Is your surname Baden-Powell?

Research the Baden-Powell family

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB

Birthplace: London, Greater London, UK
Death: Died in Nyeri, Central, Kenya
Place of Burial: Nyeri, Central, Kenya
Immediate Family:

Son of Revd Professor Baden Powell and Henrietta Grace Powell (Smyth)
Husband of Olave St Clair Baden-Powell (Soames)
Father of (Arthur Robert) Peter Baden-Powell, 2nd Baron Baden-Powell; The Hon Heather King (Baden-Powell) and The Hon Betty St Clair Clay (Baden-Powell)
Brother of Henry Warington Smyth Baden-Powell; Sir George Smyth Baden-Powell; Augustus Smyth Powell; Francis Smyth Baden-Powell; Henrietta Smyth Powell and 4 others
Half brother of Charlotte Elizabeth Powell; Baden Henry Powell; Louisa Ann Powell and Laetitia Mary Powell

Occupation: Lieutenant-General and founder of the scout movement, Lietenant General in British Army, writer, founder of the Scout movement
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (pronounced /ˈbeɪdən ˈpoʊ.əl/) OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941), also known as B-P or Lord Baden-Powell, was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement.

After having been educated at Charterhouse School, Baden-Powell served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War in South Africa, Baden-Powell successfully defended the town in the Siege of Mafeking. Several of his military books, written for military reconnaissance and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. Based on those earlier books, he wrote Scouting for Boys, published in 1908 by Pearson, for youth readership. During writing, he tested his ideas through a camping trip on Brownsea Island with the local Boys' Brigade and sons of his friends that began on 1 August 1907, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting.

After his marriage to Olave St Clair Soames, Baden-Powell, his sister Agnes Baden-Powell and notably his wife actively gave guidance to the Scouting Movement and the Girl Guides Movement. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri, Kenya, where he died and was buried in 1941.


view all

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell's Timeline

February 22, 1857
London, Greater London, UK
October 30, 1913
Age 56
Battle, East Sussex, England
June 1, 1915
Age 58
Battle, East Sussex, England
April 16, 1917
Age 60
Ewhurst, Surrey, England
January 8, 1941
Age 83
Nyeri, Central, Kenya
Nyeri, Central, Kenya