Robert Leonhard Pollack

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Robert Leonhard Pollack

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
Death: Died in Czech Republic
Cause of death: Murdered in the Shoah
Place of Burial: Martyrer of the Holocaust
Immediate Family:

Son of Leopold Pollack and Lina Pollack
Husband of Charlotte Reinhaus
Brother of Else Jakubowski and Walter Pollack

Occupation: Pastry baker
Managed by: Jack Marcel Klaber
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Robert Leonhard Pollack

Robert, his parents, brother and sister fled from Frankfurt, Germany already early on to Amsterdam, Netherlands. They opened the first German immigrants business in Holland, a lunchroom and ice-salon in the heart of the German colony in Amsterdam, the Beethovenstreet. To invite also local patrons, they had a sign that read: "We also speak Dutch!".... Robert became engaged to Charlotte (Lotte) Reinhaus, who escaped from Germany in 1935 to Amsterdam. They were married April 1942 and as the last Jews from Amsterdam deported to Westerbork transitcamp on July 23 1943. This due to their task to provide food from the lunchroom to the "Hollandsche Schouwburg" in Amsterdam, the collection center from where all the Jews from Amsterdam where deported to Westerbork. After Westerbork, Robert and Lotte were deported to Theresienstadt on September 4,1944 from where Robert was deported to Auschwitz on September 29, 1944. From there he was taken by Oscar Schindler to Bruenlitz concentrationcamp and worked as a cook in the factory as one of "Schindler's Jews". He died in Bruenlitz one week before the liberation on April 30, 1945.

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Robert Leonhard Pollack's Timeline

1913
July 20, 1913
Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
1934
1934
- present
Age 20
Amsterdam, North-Holland, Netherlands
1938
1938
- 1942
Age 24
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

It is possible that after being engaged to Robert Pollack, Lotte moved in with the family Pollack who all lived above the lunchroom and ice-salon "Delicia".

1942
April 16, 1942
Age 28
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

According to the registration cards of their respective husbands, Edith married on the same date in Amsterdam as her sister Charlotte.

April 16, 1942
Age 28
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

According to the registration cards of their respective husbands, Charlotte married on the same date in Amsterdam as her sister Edith.

1943
November 24, 1943
Age 30
Westerbork, Midden-Drenthe, Drenthe, The Netherlands

The family Pollack was initially "sperred" (exempted) from deportation due to the fact that their lunchroom "Delicia" was ordered to provide food for the rounded up people that were being held at the "Hollandsche Schouwburg".

However, as soon as all people were put on the trains to Westerbork, the Pollack family was also put on transport to Westerbork.

1944
September 4, 1944
- September 6, 1944
Age 31
Terezín, Litoměřice District, Ústí nad Labem Region, Czech Republic

Transport XXIV/7, in total 2087 people; the 2rd. last transport from Westerbork.
After two days only 2049 people arrived in Theresienstadt.
Source: http://www.holocaust-lestweforget.com/westerbork-transport-schedule...

September 29, 1944
Age 31
Oswiecim, Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
1945
April 30, 1945
Age 31
Czech Republic

Although being one of Schindler's Jews, Robert succumbed to the hardship and inhuman conditions only one week before liberation of the camp.
Two of his comrades who survived, gave later evidence about his death.

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Martyrer of the Holocaust