Scota, Queen of the Gadelians

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Scota, Queen of the Gadelians

Also Known As: "Meritaten / Tea Tephi"
Birthplace: Egypt
Death: Died in Ireland
Place of Burial: Between Sliabh Mis and the Sea, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Nactabaeus, Pharaoh of Egypt (Fictional)
Wife of Galamh / Milesius and Galamh / Milesius
Mother of Fial . nic Miled; Heber Finn, High King of Ireland; Amergin Gluingeal mac Miled, Chief Ollam of Ireland; Érimón mac Míl Espáine, 2nd High King of Ireland; Arannan Of Spain Prince Of Spain and 6 others

Occupation: Princess of Egypt, eponym of SCOTS,
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Scota, Queen of the Gadelians

Namesake for Scotland. Killed in battle over Ireland. Her grave is shown even today where she was buried near the sea.

She is a legendary figure from whom the Scots took their name. She is said to have been the daughter of an unnamed Eyptian pharaoh. The context of her story shows that the Irish thought of her as a daughter of the pharaoh of the Exodus and a contemporary of Moses.

There are two different versions of her place in the genealogy. She was the wife either of Gaodhal Glas or of his descendant Míl Espáine.

An 11th century rescension of the Historia Brittonum mentions Scota. She also appears in the Book of Leinster, a 12th century redaction of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, where she married Geytholos (Gaodhal Glas). The earliest Scottish sources claim Geytholos was "a certain king of the countries of Greece, Neolus, or Heolaus, by name", while the Leinster redaction of the Lebor Gabála Érenn calls him a Scythian.

In variant manuscripts of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, her husband was Míl Espáine.

Faced with the discrepancy, modern genealogists have created two Scotas.

There are many guesses about her father, Scota the wife of Gaodhal Glas being (perhaps) daughter of the mythical Pharaoh Cingeris, and Scota the wife of Míl Espáine being (perhaps) daughter of the mythical Pharaoh Nactabaeus. Both pharaohs are named only in medieval Irish sources, not in Egyptian sources. Some modern genealogists have speculated that Nactabaeus might have been Necho I or Necho II.

Later, her story became attached to the story of the Stone of Scone. It was she who brought it from Egypt to Scotland (Baldred Bisset, Processus, 1301).

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