Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Is your surname Spencer-Churchill?

Research the Spencer-Churchill family

Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, Right Honorable Sir

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
Death: Died in 28 Hyde Park Gate, Hyde Park, London, England
Cause of death: Stroke
Place of Burial: St. Martins Church, Bladon, Oxfordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill and Lady Randolph Churchill
Husband of Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill
Father of Diana Churchill; Hon. Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer Churchill; Sarah Churchill (actress); Marigold Frances Churchill and Mary Soames, Baroness Soames
Brother of Maj. John Strange Spencer-Churchill

Occupation: Prime Minister, Ex - Prime Minister of U.K
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, Right Honorable Sir

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, DL, FRS, Hon. RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 (that is, for most of the Second World War) and again from 1951 to 1955. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British Prime Minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was also the first person to be made an honorary citizen of the United States.

====================================================================

Wikipedia links:

Afrikaans, العربية, Беларуская, Български, Bosanski, Česky, Dansk, Deutsch, Ελληνικά, English, Español, Eesti, Français, עברית, Magyar, Hrvatski, Bahasa Indonesia, Íslenska, Italiano, 日本語, 한국어, Nederlands, ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬, Polski, Português, Română, Русский, Српски / Srpski, Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски, Slovenčina, Slovenščina, Svenska, 中文

================================================================

other links:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/winston_churchill

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2194

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=94162

http://www.nndb.com/people/418/000025343/

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1953/churchill-bio.html

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/32413

http://www.quotationspage.com/quotes/Sir_Winston_Churchill/

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10620.htm#i106196

http://www.winstonchurchill.org/

-------------------- Redundant duplicate profile - should be removed. -------------------- Sir Winston Leonard SPENCER-CHURCHILL, KG, OM, CH, TD, DL, FRS, Hon. RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 (that is, for most of the Second World War) and again from 1951 to 1955. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British Prime Minister to have received the NOBEL Prize in Literature, and was also the first person to be made an honorary citizen of the United States.

Churchill was born into an aristocratic family as the grandson of the 7th Duke of MARLBOROUGH. His father, Lord Randolph CHURCHILL, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jennie JEROME, was an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, The Sudan, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and wrote books about his campaigns.

At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He then briefly resumed active army service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. After the War, Churchill served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative (BALDWIN) government of 1924–29, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Also controversial was his opposition to increased home rule for India and his resistance to the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII. Out of office and politically 'in the wilderness' during the 1930s, Churchill took the lead in warning about Nazi Germany and in campaigning for rearmament. On the outbreak of the Second World War, he was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville CHAMBERLAIN on 10 May 1940, CHURCHILL became Prime Minister. His steadfast refusal to consider defeat, surrender, or a compromise peace helped inspire British resistance, especially during the difficult early days of the War when Britain stood alone among European countries in its active opposition to Adolf HITLER. CHURCHILL was particularly noted for his speeches and radio broadcasts, which helped inspire the British people. He led Britain as Prime Minister until victory over Nazi Germany had been secured.

After the Conservative Party lost the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition to the Labour (Attlee) government. After winning the 1951 election, he again became Prime Minister, before retiring in 1955. Upon his death, Elizabeth II granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of world statesmen in history. Named the Greatest Briton of all time in a 2002 poll, Churchill is widely regarded as being among the most influential people in British history, consistently ranking well in opinion polls of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom.

view all 16

Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom's Timeline

1874
November 30, 1874
Oxfordshire, England
1881
1881
Age 6
St James, London, England
1891
1891
Age 16
Cheveley, Cambridgeshire, England
1895
February 1895
Age 20
RMC, Sandhurst
1908
September 12, 1908
Age 33
St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, London, England
1909
July 11, 1909
Age 34
1911
May 28, 1911
Age 36
1914
June 28, 1914
- November 11, 1918
Age 39
Europe

World War I (initialized as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Wars, was a global military conflict which involved the majority of the world's great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the Entente Powers and the Central Powers. Over 70 million military personnel were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. In a state of total war, the major combatants fully placed their scientific and industrial capabilities at the service of the war effort. Over 15 million people were killed, making it one of the deadliest conflicts in human history.

The proximate cause for the war was the 28 June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Bosnian-Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. Austria-Hungary's resulting demands against the Kingdom of Serbia led to the activation of a series of alliances which within weeks saw all of the major European powers at war. As a consequence of the global empires of many European nations, the war soon spread worldwide.

By the war's end, four major imperial powers—Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire—had been militarily and politically defeated, with the latter two ceasing to exist as autonomous countries. The revolutionized Soviet Union emerged from the Russian Empire, while the map of central Europe was completely redrawn into numerous smaller states. The League of Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. The European nationalism spawned by the war, the repercussions of Germany's defeat, and the Treaty of Versailles would eventually lead to the beginning of World War II in 1939.

October 7, 1914
Age 39
London, England
1918
November 15, 1918
Age 43