Skander Shemashendi (c.1850 - c.1920)

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Death: Died in Malaria
Occupation: Painter / Artisan
Managed by: Ricardo Hendi
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Skander Shemashendi

Skander, Isaac, Iakup y Emblahad (Domingo) mueren de malaria (uno por semana) en espacio de un mes. Dato dado por la esposa de Ibrahim Helvaci en una entrevista en City Bell, Diciembre 26, 2000.

Skander, Isaac Iakup and Emplahad die of Malaria (one per week) in one month. Data by Ibrahim Helvaci's wife during an interview in City Bell, December 26, 2000.

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Skander Shemashendi's Timeline

1850
1850
1885
1885
Age 35
Mardin, Mardin Province, Turkey

Death of Skander Shemashendi's spouse, Karim's mom.

1887
September 30, 1887
Age 37
1920
1920
Age 70
Malaria
1923
1923
Age 70
Mardin, Mardin Province, Turkey

They probably leave Mardin under stressful circumstances after the massacre that killed 6,000 people in 1914 to 1920 Assyrian Massacre by "The Young Turks" regime.

They head towards Aleppo (probably by the recently finished train service) where they had some family relatives or friends (Conjectural)

Mardin, Diyarbekir, Malatya and Harput were cities never occupied by Allied troops after the Armistice,
and continued under Turkish rule. The Christians that lived in them were either those who had not been
forcibly deported or deportees that had returned to their homes of their own volition. The pressures put on
them and seizures made from 1922 onwards increased. It is for this reason that, from 1922 until the end of
1923, 3,202 refugees, all of them Armenians, left the Harput and Diyarbekir regions and found refuge in
Syria (CADN, doc. 3, see bibliography). During the same period 2,666 Armenians emigrated from Malatya
and entered Syrian territory (CADN, doc. 4, see bibliography). The expulsions from Diyarbekir from the
beginning of 1924 took on greater scope and this time encompassed all the Christian communities.
According to the statistics for 1924, the Christian population of the city represented 2,000 Armenians,
1,500 Chaldeans, 1,400 Assyrians/Syriacs and 500 Greek Catholics (CADN, doc. 5, see bibliography). Less
than a year later, in January 1925, the Christian population of the city, 545 persons, was assessed (CADN,
doc. 6, see bibliography)

During these years, the representatives of the Armenian, Assyrian/Syriac, Chaldean, Greek Orthodox and
Maronite communities that lived in Syria and Lebanon were often in direct communication with their
co-religionists and compatriots living in the Turkish border zone. Also, members of the minorities in
Turkey had familial ties to people in Syria and Lebanon. Thus both sides made efforts to maintain
communication, usually by mail. For example, a merchant going to Aleppo from Turkey would bring letters
that would, through various internal networks, reach their addressees. We should note that this kind of
personal letter may be found in the archives of community organizations, which means that in political
terms, those containing interesting news and reports were often passed to the community leaders for them
to utilize.
Church records (especially in Aleppo) are also, for the same reasons, rich sources. In the first place reports
and letters detailing the activities of representatives in Turkey are to be found there. But the church was
also directly involved in the work of settling the refugees. Thus information concerning the number of
refugees and the circumstances of their expulsion are also to be found in these archives

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- present
Turkey
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- present
Mardin, Mardin Province, Turkey