Sophie Philippe Elisabeth Justine de Bourbon (1734 - 1782) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Versailles Palace, Versailles, Ile-de-France, France
Death: Died in Versailles, Ile-de-France, France
Occupation: Princess of France, Duchess of Louvois, Fille de France
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About Sophie Philippe Elisabeth Justine de Bourbon

Full name Sophie Philippine Élisabeth Justine de France

Sophie Philippine Élisabeth Justine de France,[1] fille de France (27 July 1734 – 2 March 1782) was a French princesse du sang. She was the sixth daughter and eighth child of Louis XV of France and his Queen consort Marie Leszczyńska. First known as Madame Cinquième, she later became Madame Sophie.

Biography

Sophie is less well known than many of her sisters. Her birth at the Palace of Versailles was relatively unremarked. Unlike the older children of Louis XV, she was not raised at Versailles, but sent to live at the Abbey of Fontevraud with her older sister Madame Victoire and younger sisters Madame Thérèse (who died young) and Madame Louise.

She had a shy, reserved nature, and was considered ugly and uninteresting. She is reported to have had a phobia of thunder, and it was known that she reacted strongly toward it. Her father called her Graille. She did not exercise any influence at the court, but let herself be directed by her older sister Madame Adélaïde, following her in her antipathy against her father's mistresses, Madame de Pompadour and then Madame du Barry.

She was one of the four royal sisters to survive their parents. Her mother died on 24 June 1768 and all of her children were badly affected. Her father died 6 years later on 10 May 1774.

During the reign of her nephew Louis XVI of France, she and her sisters were allowed to maintain their apartments at Versailles and often stayed at the Château de Bellevue - made famous by the mistress of her father. In 1776, Louis XVI made her the Duchess of Louvois with her sister Madame Adélaïde, both of whom held the duchy-peerage for their lifetime.

She was buried in the royal tomb at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis which was plundered and destroyed at the time of the French Revolution.

Her nephews included (among others) Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, Louis XVI of France, Louis XVIII of France, Charles X of France. Her nieces included Madame Élisabeth and Queen Maria Luisa of Spain.

In 2006, she was played by Scottish actress Shirley Henderson in the movie Marie Antoinette.

Her niece, Madame Sophie, youngest daughter of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette was named after her.

buried : Basilique Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France

^ Achaintre, Nicolas Louis, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de Bourbon, Vol. 2, (Publisher Mansut Fils, 4 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Paris, 1825), 155.

   This article is based on a translation of the equivalent article of the French Wikipedia on 3 November 2006

Sources

Portal icon Kingdom of France portal

   This page is a translation of its French equivalent.
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Sophie de France's Timeline

1734
July 27, 1734
Versailles, Ile-de-France, France
1782
March 2, 1782
Age 47
Versailles, Ile-de-France, France
1782
Age 47
Basilique Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France