Susan B. Anthony

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Susan Brownell Anthony

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bowens Corners, Adams, Berkshire, Massachusetts, USA
Death: Died in Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA
Place of Burial: Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Daniel Anthony and Lucy Anthony (Read)
Sister of Daniel Read Anthony; Guelma Penn McLean; Hannah Lapham Anthony; Mary Stafford Brown; Eliza Tefft Anthony and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Susan B. Anthony

Biographical Summary #1:

"...Susan B. Anthony (February 15, 1820 - March 13, 1906) was born in Adams, Massachusetts.

"...Quaker, teacher, temperance and abolition organizer, outstanding women's rights leader with sharp political instincts, met Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1850, took sufferage petitions door-to-door 1854, worked for emancipation but felt black men should not be given the vote ahead of women, published The Revolution 1868-70, lectured for 6 years to pay of its $10,000 debt, advocated equal pay for equal work, encouraged more women to form unions, "more than any other suffrage leader, she was the victim of masculine ridicule" including satirical cartoons and newspaper attacks, driving force behind National Woman Suffrage Association 1869-90, National American Woman Suffrage Association head 1892-1900, single-minded champion of federal amendment, called "The Invincible" and "The Napoleon of the woman's rights movement," active in state campaigns from Kansas 1867 to California 1896, spoke across country for 30 years, voted in 1872 election, arrested and convicted but won popular support, led Centennial protest 1876, recruited Carrie Catt and Anna Shaw to suffrage, lived with sister Mary in Rochester, New York, became internationally respected symbol of woman's movement, "She has a broad and generous nature, and a depth of tenderness that few women possess" said Elizabeth Cady Stanton..."

SOURCE: http://www.mith2.umd.edu/WomensStudies/PictureGallery/anthony.html

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

"...Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 - March 13, 1906) was a prominent American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States. She traveled the United States, and Europe, and gave 75 to 100 speeches every year on women's rights for 45 years..."

"... Anthony was born and raised in West Grove, near Adams, Massachusetts. She was the second oldest of seven children:

  1. Guelma Penn (1818-1873)
  2. Hannah Lapham (1821-1877)
  3. Daniel Read (1824-1904)
  4. Mary Stafford (1827-1907)
  5. Eliza Tefft (1832-1834)
  6. Jacob Merritt (1834-1900)
  7. Lucy Read (1793-1880)

"...Her earliest American ancestors were the immigrants John Anthony (1607 - 1675), who was from Hempstead, Essex and his wife Susanna Potter (c. 1623 - 1674), who was from London, Middlesex..."

"...Anthony's father Daniel was a cotton manufacturer and abolitionist.."

"...In 1839, the family moved to Hardscrabble, New York, in the wake of the panic and economic depression that followed. That same year, Anthony left home to teach and to help pay off her father's debts..."

"...In 1849, at age 29, Anthony quit teaching and moved to the family farm in Rochester, New York. She began to take part in conventions and gatherings related to the temperance movement..."

"...In 1851, on a street in Seneca Falls, Anthony was introduced to Elizabeth Cady Stanton by a mutual acquaintance, as well as fellow feminist Amelia Bloomer. Anthony joined with Stanton in organizing the first women's state temperance society in America after being refused admission to a previous convention on account of her sex, in 1851..."

"...On January 1, 1868, Anthony first published a weekly journal entitled The Revolution. Printed in New York City, its motto was: "The true republic--men, their rights and nothing more; women, their rights and nothing less."

"...In 1869, Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the National Woman's Suffrage Association (NWSA), an organization dedicated to gaining women's suffrage. Anthony was vice-president-at-large of the NWSA from the date of its organization until 1892, when she became president..."

"...After retiring in 1900, Anthony remained in Rochester, where she died of heart disease and pneumonia in her house at 17 Madison Street on March 13, 1906. She was buried at Mount Hope Cemetery. Following her death, the New York State Senate passed a resolution remembering her "unceasing labor, undaunted courage and unselfish devotion to many philanthropic purposes and to the cause of equal political rights for women."..."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Susan B. Anthony', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 25 August 2011, 19:41 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Susan_B._Anthony&oldid=446704951> [accessed 26 August 2011]

Burial:

Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA. Plot: Section C, Lot 93

SOURCE: Find A Grave Memorial# 31. www.findagrave.com

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Susan B. Anthony's Timeline

1820
February 15, 1820
Adams, Berkshire, Massachusetts, USA
February 15, 1820
Adams, MA, USA
February 15, 1820
Adams, MA, USA

Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was a prominent American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States. She traveled the United States and Europe, and gave 75 to 100 speeches every year on women's rights for 45 years.

Susan B. Anthony was born and raised in West Grove, near Adams, Massachusetts. She was the second oldest of seven children, Guelma Penn (1818), Susan Brownell (1820), Hannah E. (1821), Daniel Read (1824), Mary Stafford (1827), Eliza Tefft (1832), and Jacob Merritt (1834), born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read. One brother, publisher Daniel Read Anthony, would become active in the anti-slavery movement in Kansas, while a sister, Mary Stafford Anthony, became a teacher and a woman's rights activist. Anthony remained close to her sisters throughout her life.

Anthony's father Daniel was a cotton manufacturer and abolitionist, a stern but open-minded man who was born into the Quaker religion.[1] He did not allow toys or amusements into the household, claiming that they would distract the soul from the "inner light." Her mother Lucy was a student in Daniel's school; the two fell in love and agreed to marry in 1817, but Lucy was less sure about marrying into the Society of Friends (Quakers). She was not a convinced Quaker and claimed that she was “not good enough” for them. Lucy Anthony was a progressive-minded woman. She attended the Rochester women’s rights convention held in August 1848, two weeks after the historic Seneca Falls Convention, and signed the Rochester convention’s Declaration of Sentiments. Lucy and Daniel Anthony enforced self-discipline, principled convictions, and belief in one's own self-worth.

Susan was a precocious child, having learned to read and write at age three.[2] In 1826, when she was six years old, the Anthony family moved from Massachusetts to Battenville, New York. Susan was sent to attend a local district school, where a teacher refused to teach her long division because of her gender. Upon learning of the weak education she was receiving, her father promptly had her placed in a group home school, where he taught Susan himself. Mary Perkins, another teacher there, conveyed a progressive image of womanhood to Anthony, further fostering her growing belief in women's equality.

In 1837, Anthony was sent to Deborah Moulson's Female Seminary, a Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia. She was not happy at Moulson's, but she did not have to stay there long. She was forced to end her formal studies because her family, like many others, was financially ruined during the Panic of 1837. Their losses were so great that they attempted to sell everything in an auction, even their most personal belongings, which were saved at the last minute when Susan's uncle, Joshua Read, stepped up and bid for them in order to restore them to the family.

In 1839, the family moved to Hardscrabble, New York, in the wake of the panic and economic depression that followed. That same year, Anthony left home to teach and to help pay off her father's debts. She taught first at Eunice Kenyon's Friends' Seminary, and then at the Canajoharie Academy in 1846, where she rose to become headmistress of the Female Department. Anthony's first occupation inspired her to fight for wages equivalent to those of male teachers, since men earned roughly four times more than women for the same duties.

In 1849, at age 29, Anthony quit teaching and moved to the family farm in Rochester, New York. She began to take part in conventions and gatherings related to the temperance movement. In Rochester, she attended the local Unitarian Church and began to distance herself from the Quakers, in part because she had frequently witnessed instances of hypocritical behavior such as the use of alcohol amongst Quaker preachers. As she got older, Anthony continued to move further away from organized religion in general, and she was later chastised by various Christian religious groups for displaying irreligious tendencies.

In her youth, Anthony was very self-conscious of her looks and speaking abilities. She long resisted public speaking for fear she would not be sufficiently eloquent. Despite these insecurities, she became a renowned public presence, eventually helping to lead the women's movement.
Susan B. Anthony, who died 14 years, 5 months and five days before passage of the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote, was honored as the first real (non-allegorical) American woman on circulating U.S. coinage with her appearance on the Susan B. Anthony dollar. The coin, approximately the size of a U.S. quarter, was minted for only four years, 1979, 1980, 1981, and 1999. Anthony dollars were produced at the Philadelphia and Denver mints for all four years, and at the San Francisco mint for the first three production years.


A Susan B. Anthony dollar coinAnthony's birthplace in Adams was purchased in August 2006 by Carol Crossed, founder of the New York chapter of Democrats for Life of America, affiliated with Feminists for Life.[14]

Anthony's childhood home in Battenville, New York was placed on the New York State Historic Register in 2006, and the National Historic Register in 2007.[15]


Susan B. Anthony House in 1967The Susan B. Anthony House in Rochester was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1966 and was operated as a museum.[16]

The American composer Virgil Thomson and poet Gertrude Stein wrote an opera, The Mother of Us All, that abstractly explores Anthony's life and mission.

Anthony was featured on U.S. commemorative stamps in 1936 and 1954.

Anthony is commemorated along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott in The Woman Movement, a sculpture by Adelaide Johnson, unveiled in 1921 at the United States Capitol.

1906
March 13, 1906
Age 86
Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA
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Rochester, Monroe, New York, USA