Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland

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Thomas Wentworth

Death: Died in Toddington, Bedfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Toddington
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Wentworth, 3rd Baron Wentworth and Anne Hopton
Husband of Lucy Wentworth, Countess Cleveland and Anne Crofts
Father of Catherine Spencer; Thomas Wentworth, 5th Baron Wentworth and Anne Lovelace, 7th Baroness Wentworth
Brother of Jane Wentworth
Half brother of Sir William Pope; Thomas Pope, 3rd Earl of Downe and Anne Pope

Managed by: Oliver Marcus Stedall
Last Updated:

About Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland

  • Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland (1591 – 25 March 1667) was a Cavalier general who fought for Charles I during the English Civil War.
  • He was the eldest son of Henry Wentworth, 3rd Baron Wentworth and Anne Hopton. His paternal grandfather was Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth, the last Englishman to hold Calais. The younger Thomas succeeded his father in 1593.
  • In 1614, Wentworth inherited from an aunt the estate of Toddington, Bedfordshire, until then the property of the Cheyney family, and here he made his principal residence. In 1626, he was created Earl of Cleveland, and in the following year he served under George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham in the expedition to La Rochelle. Adhering to the cause of King Charles I in the King's dispute with the Parliament of England, he attended his kinsman Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford at his execution, and afterwards was a general on the royalist side in the Civil War until he was taken prisoner at the Second Battle of Newbury in 1644. Cleveland commanded a cavalry regiment at the Battle of Worcester in 1651, when he was again taken prisoner, and he remained in the Tower of London until 1656.
  • His early extravagance and the fortunes of war had greatly reduced his estates, and Nettlestead was sold in 1643. Cleveland was described by Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, as "a man of signal courage and an excellent officer"; his cavalry charge at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, where he routed John Middleton's Parliamentary horse and then with Lord Wilmot's horse led another charge that captured the Parliamentary artillery, was one of the most brilliant incidents in the Civil War, and it was by his bravery and presence of mind that King Charles II was enabled to escape from Worcester.
  • At his death on 25 March 1667 the Earldom of Cleveland became extinct. He outlived his son Thomas (c. 1613–1665), who was called up to the House of Lords in his father's lifetime as Baron Wentworth, and whose daughter Henrietta Maria became Baroness Wentworth in her own right.
  • References
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • From:,_1st_Earl_of_Cleveland
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  • The Wentworth genealogy, comprising the origin of the name, the family in England, and a particular account of Elder William Wentworth, the emigrant, and of his descendants (1870)
  • (19) Sir Thomas Wentworth, Kt., 2d Baron Wentworth, who is said in the Peerages to have been summoned to Parliament "from 23 January, 1552 to 4 February, 1489." This is, however, an error; as the letters of Administration granted on his estate to his son Henry, on the 18 January, 1583-4, have been found. He died at Stepney, Co. Middlesex. He was one of Queen Mary's Privy Council, and Deputy of Calais when that place was surrendered, in 1558. He was subsequently tried by his peers and honorably acquitted. He was one of the noblemen who sat in judgment on the Duke of Norfolk, and also upon Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • He was twice married. His first wife was Mary, daughter of Sir John Wentworth, Kt., of Gosfield, Co. of Essex, to whom he was married at Gosfield, 9 February, 1545-6 (For her descent, see back to No. 2, of XIV., of this note).
  • She died without issue, and he remarried Anne, daughter of Henry Wentworth, Esq., of Co. Suffolk. She was buried at Stepney, Co. Middlesex, in 1571. By her he had issue as follows:
    • 1. Thomas, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. Cecil, Lord Burghley, but died without issue in his father's lifetime.
    • 2. Henry, 3d Baron, of whom hereafter.
    • 3. Elizabeth, who married William Hynde, Esq., son and heir of Sir Francis Hynde, Kt., of Madingley, Co. Cambridge.
    • The line was continues by the 2d son
    • (20) Henry Wentworth, 3d Baron Wentworth, who is said in the Peerages to have been summoned to Parliament 19 February, 1593, probably 1592-3, as administration was granted on his estate the 30 August, 1593. His wife, who suvived him, was Anne, daughter of Sir Owen Hopton, Kt., Lieutenant of the Tower of London and relict of Sir Wm. Pope, Kt.
    • They had issue as follows:
      • 1. Thomas, 4th Baron, etc., of whom hereafter.
      • 2. Henry, a Major General in the service of King Charles I., who died in 1644.
      • 3. Jane, who married Sir John Finet, Kt., of West Keele, Co. Lincoln.
      • The line was continued by
      • (21) Thomas Wentworth, 4th Baron Wentworth, who was created, 7 February, 1625-6, Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead, and Earl of Cleveland.
      • He suffered greatly for his loyalty to King Charles I. He died 26 March 1667, in his 76th year, and was buried at Toddington, Co. Bedford. He was twice married. His first wife was Anne, daughter of Sir John Crofts, Kt., of Saxmundham, Co. Suffolk, who was buried at Toddington aforesaid, in January 1637-8. His second wife was Lucy (wrongly called Catherine in the Peerages), second daughter and co-heir of Sir John Wentworth, Kt., and Bart. of Gosfield Hall, Co. Essex.
      • Her descent is briefly as follows:
      • Sir Roger Wentworth, of Codham Hall, by his wife Anne Tyrrell (see back to number 2 of XIV. of this note) had a second son, Henry Wentworth, Esq., Mountnessing, Co. Essex, and died in his father's lifetime, leaving by his wife Anne, daughter of Reginald Hammond, Esq. (with other issue), a son, John Wentworth, Esq., born 1540, buried at Gosfield, 3 April, 1588. He inherited Gosfield Hall from his uncle Sir John Wentworth, Kt. (see back to number 2 of XIV. of this note), and by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Christopher Heydon, Kt., had with other issue a son, John Wentworth, Esq., born 1564, buried in Gosfield church, 11 February, 1613-4, who married Cecelia, daughter of Sir Edward Unton, by Anne, Countess of Warwick, and had with other issue Sir John Wentworth, Kt., of Gosfield, created a Baronet, 29 June, 1611, and died in October 1631, when, having no surviving male issue, the Baronetcy expired.
      • He married Catherine, daughter of Sir Moyle Finch, Kt., who died in September 1639. They had, with several other daughters, a daughter Lucy, who married Thomas, 4th Baron Wentworth, and 1st Earl of Cleveland, as above stated.
      • The Earl of Cleveland, by his first wife had issue as follows:
        • 1. Thomas, of whom hereafter.
        • 2. William, who died in 1623, aged six years, and was buried at Toddington, Co. Bedford.
        • 3. Charles, who died in 1622, in his second year, and was buried at Toddington aforesaid.
        • 4. Anne, who died in infancy.
        • 5. Mary, who died unmarried in January 1632-3, aged 18, and was buried at Toddington.
        • 6. Anne, of whom hereafter.
      • The Earl by his second wife, Lucy, had an only daugher
        • 7. Catherine, who married William Spencer, Esq., of Cople, Co. Bedford, and died without issue.
      • The second wife, Lucy, died 23 November 1651, and was buried at Toddington.
      • The line was continued through
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  • Thomas Wentworth, 1st and last Earl of Cleveland was born in 1591.3 He was the son of Henry Wentworth, 3rd Lord Wentworth and Anne Hopton.3 He married, firstly, Anne Croftes, daughter of Sir John Croftes and Mary Shirley, in 1611.4 He died on 25 March 1667, without surviving male issue.5
  • Thomas Wentworth, 1st and last Earl of Cleveland was created 4th Lord Wentworth. He was created 1st Earl of Cleveland, co.York [England] on 5 February 1625/26.5
  • On his death, the earldom of Cleveland became extinct.5
  • Child of Thomas Wentworth, 1st and last Earl of Cleveland and Margaret Fortescue
  • 1.Lady Joan Wentworth+1 d. 16 Apr 1614
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 193. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • 3.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 502.
  • 4.[S47] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke's Irish Family Records (London, U.K.: Burkes Peerage Ltd, 1976), page 292. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Irish Family Records.
  • 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 280.
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  • Thomas WENTWORTH (1° E. Cleveland)
  • Born: 1591
  • Died: 25 Mar 1667, Toddington, Bedfordshire, England
  • Buried: 4 Apr 1667, Toddington, Bedfordshire, England
  • Father: Henry WENTWORTH (3° B. Wentworth of Nettlestead)
  • Mother: Anne HOPTON
  • Married 1: Anne CROFTS BEF 1612
  • Children:
    • 1. Thomas WENTWORTH
    • 2. Anne WENTWORTH (B. Wentworth & Dow)
  • Married 2: Lucy WENTWORTH (C. Cleveland) BEF 25 Oct 1638
  • Children:
    • 3. Catherine WENTWORTH
  • From: WENTWORTH (1° E. Cleveland)
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  • The concise encyclopedia of the revolutions and wars of England, Scotland ... By Stephen C. Manganiello
  • Pg.570
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Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland's Timeline

Age 21
July 1623
Age 32
Age 48
Essex, UK
March 25, 1667
Age 76
Toddington, Bedfordshire, England
April 4, 1667
Age 76