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Baranovichi Ghetto/ Extermination Camp

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The city of Baranovichi, in modern-day Belarus Belarusian: Бара́навічы [baˈranavʲitʂɨ], Łacinka: Baranavičy, Baranavichy; Russian: Бара́новичи, Polish: Baranowicze, Yiddish: באראנאוויטש, Baranovich, began as a Polish village, growing to a town with a 50% Jewish population in 1897, and serving as a seat of Jewish learning and culture. It became part of the Soviet Union and served as refuge to Jews fleeing German-occupied Poland. In 1941 the Wehrmacht seized the city and created a ghetto on its outskirts. After several “selections,” all the occupants of the ghetto were sent to various German concentration camps.

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