This project is dedicated to the Jewish families who lived in Doudleby nad Orlicí (Daudleb an der Adler) in Bohemia, Czech Republic. See
Doudleby nad Orlicí is a village in North-Eastern Bohemia, in the district of Rychnov nad Kněžnou. In the past Doudleby belonged to the district of Hradec Králové (in German: Königgratz). It is in the vicinity of Kostelec nad Orlicí (in German: Adlerkosteletz), Rychnov nad Kněžnou (in German: Reichenau) and Vamberk (in German: Wamberg). It is built on the bank of the Orlice River (in German: Wilde Adler) and hence the name.
Doudleby is one of the oldest settlements in the region. It was already prominent around the middle of the 10th century. Since 1562 Doudleby belonged to the Counts of Bubna. The castle (chateau) of the family, which was built in late Renaissance style is still there, and after the end of the Communist regime it was returned to the family. It is to be noted that the Bubna estate included, in addition to Doudleby, Jelení and Blato (both in the region of Chrudim), and earlier this family also ruled Žamberk (Senftenberg), near Doudleby.
For at least 250 years there was a Jewish community in Doudleby, starting no later than the first years of 18th century and lasting until the Holocaust. The Jews were always a prominent group in Doudleby, being a considerable share of the population (up to about 30%).
Their economic contribution to the community and to the region exceeded by far their share in the population: They engaged in trade and commerce in this agricultural community. They were also those that brought industry to Doudleby in the late 19th century.
Unlike the gentile population of the village, which was agricultural, the Jews made their living in crafts and trade. They carried on trade both within Doudleby and in the surrounding villages and towns. Among the fields of trade recorded in the 18th century documents: Peddlers, tanners, leather-traders, scrap-iron dealers, tailors, brandy-makers, and others.
NOTABLE RESIDENTS AND DESCENDANTS:
- Heinrich Loehnern (b. 22 April 1838 in Doudleby - d. 17 May 1920 in Vienna) - Journalist and writer, editor of the “Prager Zeitung” and its Viennese correspondent, regirungsrat, [Rudolf Wlaschek, Bigraphia Judaica Bohemiae (1995) p. 133; Gold, p.1].
Heads of the Jewish community:
- Isak Tausig (1814)
- Abraham Fleischner (1845)
- Aron Lederer (1847)
- More . . .
The following surnames are among those mentioned in the lists of the Jewish families of Doudleby:
- Dusencky / Duschensky
- Kohn / Khon
- Lederer / Leder
- Wilchek / Vlček / Weltschek
- More . . .