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The purpose of this project is to document the paternal lineage of all peoples positive for the genetic marker M178/P298. This marker defines the y-DNA haplogroup currently labeled N1c1.

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To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.

Research on Rurik

"The DNA research project by Dr. Andrzej Bajor of Poland in 2007, under the auspices of the Family Tree DNA Rurikid Dynasty Project of Family Tree DNA company, sought to more accurately place Rurik within the light of history and out of the shadows of legend, while simultaneously trying to map his modern descendants.

"The DNA results of 191 men claiming to be Rurikid descendants indicate that most - 68% - of the them had haplogroup N1c1, formerly designated N3a1, typical for people of Finnic and Finno-Ugric descend.

"Further genetic studies seem to indicate the existence of two major haplogroups among modern Rurikids:

"1. The descendants of Vladimir II Monomakh (Monomakhoviches) and some others are of N1c1 group ( 68% / 130 people)

"2. The descendants of a junior prince from the branch of Oleg I of Chernigov (Olgoviches) and some others (24% / 45 people) are of R1a and R1b haplogroups typical for Slavic, Germanic and Celtic peoples.

"According to the Russian Newsweek magazine, this indicates that there could have been a non-paternity event in the Chernihiv ('Chernigov' in the past) branch during wars between royal clans.

"The project of Bajor started with a test of 12 well documented genealogy-traced Rurikid descendants, from widely varying branches (two Gagarins, a Khilkov, Vadbolsky, Puzyna, Kropotkin, Lobanov-Rostovsky, Shakhovskoy, Myshetsky, Solomin, Rzhevsky, Putyatin), whose Y-DNA shows they belong to the same N1C1 agnatic lineage. Some of them did additional 67 markers' test, which allowed to establish a unique Rurikid DNA pattern.

"Based on medieval sources, Rurik was born on the Roslagen seashore, which is located north of Stockholm in the modern-day Sweden.

"The rule of the Norse (later Norwegians), Geats and Sveas (later Swedes) at the time of Rurik's birth in the start of the 9th century covered only the southernmost parts of Scandinavia. Their lands were bordered by Kvenland in north, parts of what were the areas of Norrland and Finnmark in Northern Scandinavia.

"Thus, Rurik's Finnic DNA most presumably can be explained by the fact that he was a Kven, an apparent Viking Age descendant of the earliest known Kven kings, similarly to many other royal Viking leaders who led voyages to outside of Scandinavia."

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