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The Kasztner Transports

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  • Leah Krausz (Citron) (b. - 2014)
    I am a Holocaust Survivor. We are retired, and enjoying my Children grand & great grand Children. B'H. A joyful mother and infinite inspiration to her children, grandchildren, and great grandchil...
  • Prof. Yaakov Sussmann
    Yaakov Sussmann
  • Mr. Sussmann (deceased)
    Survived the Holocaust in The Kasztner Transports
  • George Mandel-Mantello (1901 - 1992)
    USHMM Names & Photos of 1149 Holocaust Unauthorized Salvadoran Citizenship Certificates George Mandel-Mantello and his Mission to Rescue Europe's Jews YouTube Video A FORGOTTEN SUITCASE: THE MANTEL...
  • Margalit (Manci) Koves (1907 - c.1998)
    MARGALIT GONDOS, nee Manci Köves, a talented contemporary journalist and writer from Pápa, continued her literary work in Israel. Her novel The lady is responsible for everything is to be...

Rudolf (Israel) Kasztner, a Zionist leader in Hungary during World War II, headed the Relief and Rescue Committee, a small Jewish group that negotiated with Nazi officials to rescue Hungarian Jews in exchange for money, goods and military equipment.

In June 1944, the "Kasztner Train," with 1,684 Jews on board, departed Budapest for the safety of neutral Switzerland.

Kasztner's negotiations also saved 20,000 Hungarian Jews by diverting them to an Austrian labor camp, Strasshof, instead of a planned transfer to extermination camps.

Kasztner himself didn't board his famous train to freedom, instead staying behind and negotiating the further release of Jews, risking his own life.



  1. R' Joel Teitelbaum, Satmar Rebbe
  2. Egon Mayer, Sociologist, Kasztner Memorial Site Creator
  3. Béla Zsolt , Author
  4. Leopold Szondi, Psychiatrist
  5. Dezső Ernster, Opera Singer
  6. István Irsai, Artist
  7. Peter Munk, Canadian Philanthropist
  8. Ladislaus Lob, Professor of Literature
  9. Adam Heller, Geni , YouTube video Professor of Chemical Engineering
  10. Anna Halberstam-Rubin, radio interview, Professor of Russian Jewish history
  11. Rabbi Mendel Halberstam
  12. Emanuel (Manny) Mandel, Psychotherapist
  13. Peska Friedman, Sister of the Munkascer rebbe, Baruch Rabinowicz
  14. Shaul Ladany
  15. George Rozsa
  16. Stefan Bergner, Buenos Aires
  17. Bela Gondos
  18. Anna Ilona Havas
  19. Margalit Manci Koves

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“Jews on Ice” at Strasshof Labor Camp

Eichmann referred to those sent to Austria as hostages, “frozen Jews,” or “Jews on ice” who would be held there temporarily, their fate to be decided by the progress of the negotiations.

Kasztner and his colleagues insisted that they be sent to Strasshof, Austria, and from there via France and Spain to Lisbon, with the ultimate destination being Eretz Israel.

Eichmann did not state this destination explicitly for fear of the reaction of the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husayni, with whom he had already reached an agreement; instead he spoke of sending them to Western Europe.

The 18,000 Jews sent to this exceptional destination—Strasshof, near Vienna—were taken there in six trains on June 25–28, 1944, just a few days before Kasztner’s rescue train set out, while other trains were carrying the Jews of the provinces to Auschwitz day and night.

Not all the Jews selected arrived in Austria. Some refused to be included in these transports because they thought they were going to death camps.

In at least one case trains were accidentally switched: A train carrying 3,000 Jews from Győr and Komárom, including the rabbi of Győr, Rabbi Emil Roth, was mistakenly sent to Auschwitz and Eichmann refused to allow it to change direction. It was replaced by a train from Debrecen that had been slated to go to Auschwitz.

16 Schiller, "Mif’al ha-Hatsala", 54; "Kasztner, Din ve-Heshbon", 99; Braham and Katzburg,"Toledot ha-Shoah", 278. Braham is convinced that this was an “error by a staff sergeant.”

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  • Rezso Kasztner - The Daring Rescue of Hungarian Jews: A Survivor's Account , by Ladislaus Löb    

Re other survivor trains: (page 94 - "Six trains carrying a total of 18,000 Jews, were taken to Strasshof between June 25 -28, and those who were strong enough sent to work in various industrial plants nearby).

(page 95 - On one occasion a train due to take 3,000 Jews from the ghettos of Gyor and Komarom to Strasshof went to Auschwitz, and another train, scheduled to deliver a similar transport from Debrecen to auschwitz, went to Strasshof instead).  







  • • Barri, Shoshana (1997). "The Question of Kastner's Testimonies on behalf of Nazi War Criminals," The Journal of Israeli History, vol 18, issue 2–3, pp. 139–165.
  • • Bilsky, Leora (2001). "Judging Evil in the Trial of Kastner", Law and History Review, Vol 19, No. 1, Spring 2001.
  • • Encyclopaedia Judaica (1972). "Kasztner, Rezso Rudolf," Jerusalem.
  • • Ilani, Ofri (2008). 50 years on, Holocaust survivor defends Rudolph Kastner, Haaretz, December 12, 2008.
  • • Kranzler, David (2000). The Man Who Stopped the Trains to Auschwitz. Syracuse University Press.
  • • LeBor, A. (2000), Eichmann's List: A Pact With the Devil, The Independent, August 23, 2000.
  • • Löb, Ladislaus ( website: (2008). Dealing with Satan. Rezsõ Kasztner's Daring Rescue Mission. Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-07792-7
  • • Orr, Akiva (1994). "The Kastner Case, Jerusalem, 1955" in Israel: Politics, Myths and Identity Crisis, Pluto Press, pp. 81–116. ISBN 0-7453-0767-1
  • • Porter, Anna (2007). Kasztner's Train. Douglas & MacIntyre.
  • • Weitz, Yechiam (1995). Ha-Ish she-Nirtsah Paamayim ("The Man who Was Murdered Twice"). Keter.
  • • Dean, Gideon. "The Kastner Affair," The Reconstructionist, January 27, 1956, pp. 9–15 (the first of two reports on the first trial).
  • • Dean, Gideon. "The Kastner Affair II," The Reconstructionist, February 10, 1956, pp. 13–19.
  • • Kasztner, Rezso. "Report of Jewish Aid and Rescue Committee in Budapest," 1942–1945. T/37(237) Submitted during the course of the Adolf Eichmann trial and marked T/1113 (BO6-900, Vol. II, p. 908–910); also cited as:
  • • Kastner, Israel. "Report of the Rescue Committee in Budapest," 1942–1945 (submitted to the Zionist Congress), 108 [Hebrew]. Cited by Judge Halevi, Cr.C. (Jm.) 124/53 Attorney General v. Gruenvald, 44 P.M. (1965) 3, at 115 [translated by Leora Bilsky].
  • • Kastner, Rezso. Der Bericht des judischen Rettungskomitees aus Budapest, 1942–1945 (mimeo ms); later published as Der Kasztner-Bericht ueber Eichmanns Menschenhandel in Ungarn. Kindler, 1946, 1961.
  • • "No Reason to Repent: Eichmann's Doctored Version of the Kastner Affair," Jewish Observer and Middle East Review, December 9, 1960.
  • • Sloan, Jacob. "From the Trial of Rudolf Kastner," The Reconstructionist, December 26, 1958, pp. 29–31.