The Championships, Wimbledon, or simply Wimbledon (25 June – 8 July in 2012), is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, considered by many to be the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London since 1877.
Wimbledon traditions include a strict dress code for competitors, the eating of strawberries and cream by the spectators, and Royal patronage. The tournament is also notable for the absence of sponsor advertising around the courts. In 2009, Wimbledon's Centre Court was fitted with a retractable roof to prevent rain delaying and interrupting Centre Court matches during the tournament.
The tournament takes place over two weeks in late June and early July, culminating with the Ladies' and Gentlemen's Singles Final, scheduled respectively for the second Saturday and Sunday. Each year, five major events are contested, as well as four junior events and three invitational events.
The five main events, and the number of players (or teams, in the case of doubles) include the following:
- Gentlemen's Singles (128 draw)
- Ladies' Singles (128 draw)
- Gentlemen's Doubles (64 draw)
- Ladies' Doubles (64 draw)
- Mixed Doubles (48 draw)
Also known as Chimbledon (Children's Wimbledon), the four junior events and the number of players or teams include the following:
- Boys' Singles (64 draw)
- Girls' Singles (64 draw)
- Boys' Doubles (32 draw)
- Girls' Doubles (32 draw)
No mixed doubles event is held at this level.
The five invitational and the number of pairs include the following:
- Gentlemen's Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)
- Senior Gentlemen's Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)
- Ladies' Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)
- Gentlemen's Wheelchair Doubles (4 pairs)
- Ladies' Wheelchair Doubles (4 pairs)
List of Wimbledon Champions
- Gentlemen's Singles
- Ladies' Singles
- Gentlemen's Doubles
- Ladies' Doubles
- Mixed Doubles
- Singles Finals
Wimbledon Champions on Geni
- Andre Kirk Agassi born 1970 - former World No. 1 professional tennis player from the United States. Wimbledon - Men's Singles title1992. Married Steffie Graf.
- Patrick Bowes-Lyon (1863-1946) British tennis player, barrister and uncle of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, mother of Elizabeth II. Scottish tennis champion in 1885, 1886 and 1888. Wimbledon - Men's Doubles title 1887 with Herbert Wilberforce.
- John Donald ("Don" or "Donnie") Budge (1915-2000) American tennis champion who was a World No. 1 player for five years, first as an amateur and then as a professional. Wimbledon - 2 x Men's Singles title (1937, 1938), 2 x Men's Doubles title (1937, 1938) and 2 x Mixed Doubles (1937, 1938).
- Vere St. Leger Goold (1853-1909) Irish tennis player who ended his life in prison convicted of murder and died a premature death by suicide. Wimbledon - Men's Singles title (1879).
- Arthur William Charles Wentworth Gore (1868-1928) - best known for two gold medals at the London Olympics in 1908 winning the men's indoor singles and the men's indoor doubles (with Herbert Barrett). Wimbledon - 3 x Men's Singles title (1901, 1908, 1909); Men's Doubles title 1909).
- Spencer Gore (1850-1906) English cricketer who played for Surrey County Cricket Club in 1874 and 1875 and a tennis player who won the first Wimbledon Men's Singles title in 1877.
- Rev. John Thorneycroft Hartley (1849-1935) English tennis player - the only clergyman to win Wimbledon - 2 x men's Singles title (1879, 1880).
- Rodney "Rod" George Laver born 1938 Australian - World No.1 tennis player for seven consecutive years. He is also the only tennis player who has won Grand Slam singles title twice; first as an amateur in 1962 and then as a professional in 1969. Wimbledon - 4 x Men's singles title (1961, 1962, 1968, 1969).
- John Patrick McEnroe, Jr. born 1959 - former world no. 1 professional tennis player from the United States. During his career, he won seven Grand Slam singles titles, nine Grand Slam men's doubles titles, and one Grand Slam mixed doubles title. Wimbledon - 3 x Men's Singles title (1981, 1983, 1984); 5 x Men's Doubles title (1979, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1992)
- Ernest James Renshaw (1861-1899) Wimbledon - Men's Singles Title (1888); 5 x Men's Doubles title (1884, 1885, 1886, 1888, 1889) with his twin brother William Renshaw.
- William "Willie" Charles Renshaw (1861-1904) one of the most successful male players in the history of the Wimbledon Championships. Wimbledon - 7 x Men's Singles Title (1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1889); 5 x Men's Doubles title (1884, 1885, 1886, 1888, 1889) with his twin brother Ernest Renshaw.
- Charlotte Reinagle Cooper born (1870-1966) married name Sterry. Wimbledon - 5 x Ladies Singles title (1895, 1896, 1898, 1901, 19080 and first woman ever to become an Olympic Champion.
- Helen Hull Jacobs (1908-1997) American female tennis player who won ten Grand Slam titles. Wimbledon - Ladies Singles title 1936; 3 x Mixed Doubles (1932, 1936, 1939)
- Stafanie "Steffi" Maria Graf born 1969 - former World No. 1 German tennis player. Wimbledon - 7 x ladies title (1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996). Ladies Doubles title 1988 and Mixed Doubles in 1999. She won 22 Grand Slam singles titles, second among male and female players only to Margaret Court's 24. In 1988, she became the first and only tennis player (male or female) to achieve the Calendar Year Golden Slam by winning all four Grand Slam singles titles and the Olympic gold medal in the same calendar year. Married Andre Agassi.
- Helen Wills Moody (1905-1998) born Wills, married 1st Frederick Moody 1929, 2nd Aiden Roark in 1939. American tennis player. Wimbledon - 8 x Ladies Singles title (1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1938); 3 x Ladies Doubles (1924, 1927, 1930) and Mixed Doubles (1929). 2 x Olympic Gold Medalist - 1924 and 1928.
- Margaret Evelyn Osborne du Pont Born 1918 - former World No. 1 American female tennis player who won a total of 37 singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles Grand Slam titles, placing her fourth on the all-time list despite never entering the Australian Championships. She won 25 of her Grand Slam titles at the U.S. Championships, which is an all-time record. Wimbledon - Ladies Singles title 1947; 5 x Ladies Doubles title (1946, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954); Mixed Doubles title 1962.
- Maud Edith Eleanor Watson MBE (1864-1946) English tennis player and the first female Wimbledon champion in 1884. Wimbledon - 2 x Ladies Singles title (1884, 1885)