Adam Stewart of Morphie

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Adam Stewart of Morphie

Birthplace: Antrim, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
Death: 1488 (57-66)
Scotland (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir James "Mór" Stewart of Albany & Baldorran and Daughter of Iain MacDonald
Husband of Elizabeth Lindsay
Brother of Andrew Stewart; Alexander Stewart; James Beag Stewart 1st of Baldorran and Matilda Stewart

Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:

About Adam Stewart of Morphie

This person should be Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Avandale and Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1460 to 1482 and one of the leading servants of King James III of Scotland.

Andrew Stewart was born c. 1426 in Antrim, Ireland, and was the youngest illegitimate son of James the Fat, who in turn was the sole surviving son of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, executed for treason in 1425 by King James I of Scotland.

When his grandfather the Duke of Albany was executed by the vengeful King James I in 1425, his father James Mor Stewart fled Scotland and took refuge in Ireland. Andrew Stewart was the youngest of approximately seven children.

After his father's death in 1429. Andrew Stewart was raised at the court of his paternal grandmother Isabella, Countess of Lennox. It may be that Isabella, having seen her own children and husband executed by James I of Scotland, took pity on her dead son's children and brought them to her own court.

Andrew attended a university in England, in which country he was knighted before 12 July 1437 with his brother Murdoch.[citation needed]As well as Murdoch and Marion, two other siblings, Arthur and Walter, are known.

Return to Scotland; Returning to Scotland by 1440, he attended the Parliament of Scotland at Stirling that year. He probably served as a member of the Royal Household of King James II and was granted lands, including Avandale and Strathavon, which were forfeited by William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas. By 11 June 1457 he had been granted the title Lord Avandale. In 1460 he was appointed Chancellor by King James II of Scotland who died later that year.

Lord Chancellor of Scotland; Avandale retained the officer of Chancellor, and may have briefly served as regent, during the minority of King James III of Scotland. He then served as governor of Stirling Castle and as an ambassador and diplomat, taking a leading role in the negotiations which led to the marriage of James and Margaret of Denmark in 1469. In 1471 he was granted the rents of the Earldom of Lennox for life.

During the crisis of 1482, when James III declared war on England for protecting his brother Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, who had rebelled and was given sanctuary by the Duke of Gloucester, who later became King Richard III. When Albany and his English allies invaded Scotland, Lord Avandale was one of the faction who refused to fight and then proceeded to arrest the King. Albany then proclaimed himself King Alexander IV of Scotland and immediately began to alienate the nobles by his harsh policies, especially the powerful George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly.

On Alexander's orders, Lord Avandale was then stripped of the Chancellorship because he had captured Albany's castle of Dumbarton for the King in 1479. He was replaced as Lord Chancellor by John Laing, the Bishop of Glasgow. Because of Alexander's treatment of the nobles, James III had been able to gain back most of their support and in 1483 with help from the Earl of Huntly, James was able to call a Parliament that condemned Albany as a traitor and forced him into exile for a second and final time. Avandale had been present at the Parliament and the following year he was one of the ambassadors sent to Louis XI of France. After this he appears to have largely withdrawn from public business. He died in 1488[7] and was succeeded by his brother Walter's son Alexander. Alexander died c. 1500 and the title Lord Avandale passed to another nephew, Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Avandale.

Credit to HRH Prince Kieren de Muire Von Drakenberg for spotting this.

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Adam Stewart of Morphie's Timeline

Antrim, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
Age 62
Scotland (United Kingdom)