Adela Pankhurst

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Adele Constantia Mary Walsh (Pankhurst)

Also Known As: "Adele"
Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: Manchester, Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom
Death: May 23, 1961 (75)
Wahroonga, New South Wales, Australia
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Richard Marsden Pankhurst and Emmeline Pankhurst
Wife of Tom (Thomas) Walsh
Mother of Richard Marsden Walsh; Christian Mary Pankhurst Quale; Nancy Ursula Young; Sylvia Walsh and Faith Walsh
Sister of Christabel Pankhurst; Sylvia Pankhurst; Francis Henry Pankhurst and Henry Francis Pankhurst

Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:

About Adela Pankhurst

Adela Constantia Mary Pankhurst Walsh (1885–1961) was a British-Australian suffragette, political organizer, and co-founder of both the Communist Party of Australia and the Australia First Movement.

Adela was born on 19 June 1885 in Manchester, England, into a politicized family: her father, Richard Pankhurst was a socialist and candidate for Parliament, and her mother Emmeline Pankhurst and sisters Sylvia and Christabel were leaders of the British suffragette movement. Adela attended the all-woman Studley Horticultural College in Warwickshire, and Manchester High School for Girls. As a teenager, Adela became involved in the militant Women's Social and Political Union founded by her mother and sisters.

Following estrangement from her family, Adela emigrated to Australia in 1914. She was recruited during World War I as an organiser for the Women's Peace Army in Melbourne by Vida Goldstein. Pankhurst wrote a book called Put Up the Sword and addressed public meetings on her opposition to the war and conscription. She married Tom Walsh of the Federated Seamens Union of Australasia in 1917. In 1920, Pankhurst became a founding member of the Communist Party of Australia, from which she was later expelled.

She became disillusioned with communism and founded the anti-communist Australian Women's Guild of Empire in 1928. In 1941 Adela became one of the founding members of the right wing and nationalistic Australia First Movement. She visited Japan in 1939 and was arrested and interned in 1942 for her advocacy of peace with Japan.

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Adela Pankhurst's Timeline

June 19, 1885
Manchester, Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom
November 7, 1918
Age 33
September 5, 1922
Age 37
August 12, 1924
Age 39
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
May 23, 1961
Age 75
Wahroonga, New South Wales, Australia