About Aethelwine, Sheriff of Warwickshire
The Arden family is, according to an article by James Lees-Milne in the 18th edition of Burke's Peerage/Burke's Landed Gentry, volume 1, one of only three families in England that can trace its lineage in the male line back to Anglo-Saxon times (the other two being the Berkeley family and the Swinton family). The Arden family takes its name from the Forest of Arden in Warwickshire.
Alwin (Æthelwine), nephew of Leofric, Earl of Mercia, was Sheriff of Warwickshire at the time of the Norman Conquest. He was succeeded by his son, Thorkell of Arden (variously spelt Thorkill, Turchil etc.), whose own son and principal heir, Siward de Arden, subsequently married Cecilia, granddaughter of Aldgyth, daughter of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia, and from this union the Ardens descend (Siward was Thorkell's son by his first wife, whose name is not recorded; his second wife, Leofrun, was another daughter of Ælfgar). Subsequent generations of the family remained prominent in Warwickshire affairs and on many occasions held the shrievalty. From the time of Sir Henry de Arden in the 14th century the Ardens had their primary estate at Park Hall, Castle Bromwich. The descent from Alwin is as follows:
* Alwin (d. c.1083)
* Thorkell of Arden (d. c.1100)
* Siward de Arden, m. Cecilia
* Henry de Arden (d. aft. 1166)
* William de Arden, m. Galiena
* William de Arden, m. Avice
* Sir Thomas de Arden, m. Riese
* Ralph de Arden (d. aft. 1290)
* Ralph de Arden, m. Isabel de Bromwich
* Sir Henry de Arden (d. c.1400), m. Ellen
* Sir Ralph Arden (d. 1420), m. Sybil
* Robert Arden (executed 12 Aug 1452), m. Elizabeth Clodshall
* Walter Arden (d. 5 Aug 1502), m. Eleanor Hampden
* Sir John Arden (d. 1526), m. Alice Bracebridge
* Thomas Arden (d. 1563), m. Mary Andrewes
* William Arden (d. 1546), m. Elizabeth Conway
* Edward Arden (executed 20 Dec 1583), m. Mary Throckmorton
* Robert Arden (d. 27 Feb 1635), m. Elizabeth Corbet
* Sir Henry Arden (d. 1616), m. Dorothy Feilding
* Robert Arden (d. 1643)
Robert Arden was executed in 1452 for supporting the uprising of Richard, Duke of York. The same fate befell Edward Arden in 1583, who came under suspicion for being head of a family that had remained loyal to the Catholic Church, and was sentenced for allegedly plotting against Elizabeth I.His father William was second cousin to Mary Arden, mother of William Shakespeare (Mary Arden was the daughter of Robert, son of Thomas, younger son of Walter in the above list). Edward's great-grandson Robert died unmarried and without issue in 1643, bringing the Park Hall male line to an end (his sister Goditha married Sir Herbert Price, who took up residence). The Arden family survives to this day in many branches descended from younger sons in earlier generations.
Possible parents, from the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medlands page on Anglo Saxon Nobility:
EOFWINE, son of [LEOFRIC & his wife ---] (-1023). [The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery records that “Leofwinus” was the son of “Leofricus secundus” and lived “tempore Ethelstani, Edmundi, Edredi, et Edgari regum Angliæ” (924-975). "Leofwine propinquus regis" subscribed a charter of King Eadwig dated 955. The precise family connection with the king is not known. If this is the same Leofwine who was an ealdorman under Kings Edward and Æthelred II, he may have been sent as a child to the court of King Eadwig. If this was the case, it would explain the time lapse before his next appearance in charters. It is also possible that Leofwine was related to the brothers Ælfhere and Ælfheah, which would explain the transmission of the ealdormanship of Mercia between the two families.] "Leofwine dux" subscribed charters of King Edward in 976 and 977, and of King Æthelred II dated between 994 and 1015, the charter dated 997 specifying that he was "Leofwine Wicciarium-Provinciarum dux". Ealdorman of the Hwicce in Mercia. King Æthelred II granted "Leofwine dux" land in Warwickshire under a charter dated 998. It is possible that Leofwine was appointed Ealdorman of Mercia after the death of Eadric "Streona" in 1017, but this is not confirmed by any primary source.
m ---. The name of Leofwine's wife is not known.
Leofwine & his wife had four children:
- 1. WULFRIC (-killed in battle Ringmere 5 May 1010). Florence of Worcester names "Wlfricus Leofwini filius" among those killed at the battle of Ringmere near Ipswich. Roger of Hoveden names Wulfric as son of Leofwine when recording his death fighting the Danes. Simeon of Durham names "Wlfric the son of Leofwin" among those killed in battle by the Danes "in East Anglia…Ringmere". According to Freeman, Wulfric son of Leofwin was the same person as Wulfric "Spot" who founded Burton monastery. However, the reconstruction of the supposed family of Wulfric "Spot" shows it is likely that his father was Ælfric (see above). The date of the battle in which Wulfric "Spot" was killed, according to the Historia Fundatoris of Burton monastery is different from the date of the battle of Ringmere as recorded by Florence of Worcester. Is it possible that the two reports are referring to different battles in which two different individuals were killed?
- 2. NORTHMAN (-murdered 1017). The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Leofricum postea comitem, et Edwinum occisum per Walenses, et Normannum occisum cum Edrico duce Merciorum per Cnutonem regem” as sons of “Leofwinus comes Leicestriæ”. "Northman dux" subscribed a charter of King Æthelred II dated 994. Florence of Worcester records that "Norman son of Leofwin the ealdorman" was killed on the orders of King Canute at the same time as Eadric "Streona". Ealdorman of Mercia. Simeon of Durham records that "(though guiltless) duke Northman the son of duke Leofwin, the brother of earl Leofric" was among those killed at the same time as Eadric "Streona" in 1017. ”Leofricus comes…et conjux mea Godgyve” donated property to Evesham Monastery by undated charter which names “frater meus Normannus”.
- 3. LEOFRIC (-30 Oct 1057, bur Coventry). - Aethelwine's Uncle - The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Leofricum postea comitem, et Edwinum occisum per Walenses, et Normannum occisum cum Edrico duce Merciorum per Cnutonem regem” as sons of “Leofwinus comes Leicestriæ”. Simeon of Durham records that King Canute appointed "Leofric" as Ealdorman [Earl] of Mercia after his brother Northman was killed in 1017, although this was apparently during the lifetime of their father.
- 4. EADWIN (-killed in battle Rhyd-y-Groes 1039). The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery names “Leofricum postea comitem, et Edwinum occisum per Walenses, et Normannum occisum cum Edrico duce Merciorum per Cnutonem regem” as sons of “Leofwinus comes Leicestriæ”. "Edwin the ealdorman's son" is recorded as present in a record of a lawsuit in Herefordshire dated [1016/35]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he was killed by the Welsh.
Witnessed along with his son Turchil de Arden when Robert of Stafford gave land at Wrottesley to Evesham Abbey, the first gift of lands by Normans to an English monastic order, in 1072.