Amadeus VI of Savoy, the Green Count

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Amadeus VI of Savoy, the Green Count

Italian: Amedeo VI di Savoia, il Conte Verde, French: Amédée VI de Savoie, le comte vert
Also Known As: "the Green Count"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Chambéry, Rhône-Alpes, France
Death: March 01, 1383 (49)
Santo Stefano, Provincia di Campobasso, Molise, Italy
Place of Burial: Savoy, Rhône-Alpes, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Aymon "the Peaceful" count of Savoy and Yolande of Savoy, of Montferrat
Husband of Bonne de Bourbon
Father of Amadeus VII of Savoy, the Red Count
Brother of Bianca Marie Visconti
Half brother of Humbert "bastard of Savoy"; Oggero of Savoy; Maria de Savoie; Amadeo bâtard de Savoie; Donata de Savoie, nun in Bons and 3 others

Occupation: Conte di Savoia e Conte d'Aosta e Moriana dal 1343 al 1383
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Amadeus VI of Savoy, the Green Count

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amadeus_VI,_Count_of_Savoy


Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Amadeus VI (January 4, 1334 – March 1, 1383), surnamed the Green Count (Italian: Il Conte Verde) was Count of Savoy from 1343 to 1383.

[edit]Biography

He was the eldest son of Aimone, Count of Savoy and Yolande of Montferrat. His maternal grandparents were Theodore I, Marquis of Montferrat and Argentina Spinola.

In 1349 Humbert II de La Tour du Pin, Dauphin de Viennois, the last Dauphin de Viennois surrendered his title and principality to the future Charles V of France. At the time the new Dauphin was grandson of current King Philip VI of France and son to his Heir Apparent, the later John II of France. Humbert II retired into a Dominican monastery. Amadeus, angered by this cessation, which had created a formidable neighbour to Savoy, went to war with France, which he defeated in 1354.

In a treaty concluded in Paris in the following year Amadeus agreed to exchange territory in Dauphiné beyond the Rivers Rhone and Guiers, in exchange for recognition as the undisputed sovereign of Faucigny and the county of Gex, as well as becoming the suzerain lord over the Counts of Genevois, all of whose titles had been the subject of earlier contention between the Counts of Savoy and the Dauphins of Viennois. Amadeus also forced the Marquess of Saluzzo to pay him homage, thus extending his rule to the Italian side of the Alps.

Amadeus was credited with purchasing the territory of the mountain pass, the Col de Largentièes, today Maddalena Pass on the border of France and Italy, for the sum of 60,000 ecus,[1] it was of such strategic and commercial importance. The Col de Largentière historically linked Lyon with Italy; it offered an easy route between Piedmont and the outlying valley of Barcelonnette, which came into Savoyard possession when Amadeus or his heir transferred it from the County of Provence to the County of Nice.

This made him an important player in the politics of Northern Italy. The Republic of Genoa and the Republic of Venice had for long argued over the ownership of the island of Tenedos in the Aegean Sea. Eventually it was agreed that the Island should be entrusted to the Count of Savoy. Later Amadeus would be persuaded by Pope Clement VII to accompany Louis I of Naples on an expedition to Naples. Here in 1382 the Count would share with Louis in the successful conquests of Abruzzi and Apulia.

Amadeus initiated a minor crusade (with 15 ships and 1,700 men) in 1366 against Murad I of the Ottoman Empire to aid his cousin, John V Palaiologos, the Byzantine Emperor. On this campaign Amadeus joined forces with Francesco I of Lesbos and they drove the Turks from Gallipoli. At this time John V was held captive by the Bulgarians. Amadeus turned his forces against Bulgaria and captured the Black Sea ports of Mesembria and Sozopolis. He then laid siege to Varna and sent Tsar Ivan Alexander an ultimatum to release John V or suffer further defeat. Ivan Alexander released John V and Amadeus returned to spend the winter in Mesembria, arriving there with John V before Christmas.[2]

The nickname the Green Count refers to his habit of dressing in this colour and appear in state occasions surrounded by green-dressed escort.

He created a system of state-supported poor relief, one of the first of its kind in the late medieval world.

In 1381 at Turin, he mediated between Genoa and Venice and sponsored the peace treaty which brought and end to the War of Chioggia and the larger Venetian-Genoese War. He died at Campobasso in 1383.

[edit]Marriage and children

He was married in 1355 in Paris to Bonne of Bourbon, the sister-in-law of Charles V of France. They had two children:

Amadeus VII (1360 - November 1, 1391). He married Bonne of Berry (1365–1435), daughter of Duke John of Berry and a niece of Bonne of Bourbon.

Louis of Savoy (1362 - 1365.

[edit]Notes

^ "Le Col d'Argentière qui est en la terre nove de la conté de Nyce qui souloit estre du païs de Provence. Et fut baillée en gaige pour certaine somme d'argent que l'on dit de lx mille escuzau conte Vert pour lors comte de Savoye". (1518 printed account, in W. A. B. Coolidge, "The Passages of the Alps in 1518" The English Historical Review 30 No. 120 [October 1915:681-691] pp 687).

^ Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. (New York: Alfred A> Knopf, 1996) p. 330-331


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amadeus_VI_of_Savoy

Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy

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Statue of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy in Turin, Italy

Amadeus VI (January 4, 1334, Chambéry – March 1, 1383), surnamed the Green Count (Italian: Il Conte Verde) was Count of Savoy from 1343 to 1383. He was the eldest son of Aimone, Count of Savoy and Yolande of Montferrat.

In 1349 Humbert II de La Tour du Pin, Dauphin de Viennois, the last Dauphin de Viennois surrendered his title and principality to the future Charles V of France. At the time the new Dauphin was grandson of current King Philip VI of France and son to his Heir Apparent, the later John II of France. Humbert II retired into a Dominican monastery. Amadeus, angered by this cessation, which had created a formidable neighbour to Savoy, went to war with France, which he defeated in 1354.

In a treaty concluded in Paris in the following year Amadeus agreed to exchange territory in Dauphiné beyond the rivers Rhone and Guiers, in exchange for recognition as the undisputed sovereign of Faucigny and the county of Gex, as well as becoming the suzerain lord over the Counts of Genevois, all of whose titles had been the subject of earlier contention between the Counts of Savoy and the Dauphins of Viennois. Amadeus also forced the Marquess of Saluzzo to pay him tribute, thus extending his rule to the Italian side of the Alps.

Amadeus was credited with purchasing the territory of the mountain pass, the Col de Largentièes, today Maddalena Pass on the border of France and Italy, for the sum of 60,000 ecus,[1] it was of such strategic and commercial importance. The Col de Largentière historically linked Lyon with Italy; it offered an easy route between Piedmont and the outlying valley of Barcelonnette, which came into Savoyard possession when Amadeus or his heir transferred it from the County of Provence to the County of Nice.

This made him an important player in the politics of Northern Italy. The Republic of Genoa and the Republic of Venice had for long argued over the ownership of the island of Tenedos in the Aegean Sea. Eventually it was agreed that the Island should be entrusted to the Count of Savoy. Later Amadeus would be persuaded by Pope Clement VII to accompany Louis I of Naples on an expedition to Naples. Here in 1382 the Count would share with Louis in the successful conquests of Abruzzi and Apulia.

Military campaign of Amadeus VI against Bulgaria (1366–67)

Amadeus initiated a minor crusade (with 15 ships and 1,700 men) in 1366 against Murad I of the Ottoman Empire to aid his cousin, John V Palaiologos, the Byzantine Emperor. On this campaign Amadeus joined forces with Francesco I of Lesbos, and Hungarian king Louis the Great, and they drove the Turks from Gallipoli. At this time John V was held captive by the Bulgarians. Amadeus turned his forces against Bulgaria and captured the Black Sea ports of Mesembria and Sozopolis. He then laid siege to Varna and sent Tsar Ivan Alexander an ultimatum to release John V or suffer further defeat. Ivan Alexander released John V and Amadeus returned to spend the winter in Mesembria, arriving there with John V before Christmas.[2]

The nickname the Green Count refers to his habit of dressing in this colour and appear in state occasions surrounded by green-dressed escort.

He created a system of state-supported poor relief, one of the first of its kind in the late medieval world.

In 1381 at Turin, he mediated between Genoa and Venice and sponsored the peace treaty which brought and end to the War of Chioggia and the larger Venetian-Genoese War. He died at Campobasso in 1383.

[edit] Marriage and children

He was married in 1355 in Paris to Bonne of Bourbon,[3] the sister-in-law of Charles V of France. They had two children:

   * Amadeus VII (1360 - November 1, 1391). He married Bonne of Berry (1365–1435), daughter of Duke John of Berry and a niece of Bonne of Bourbon.
   * Louis of Savoy (1362 - 1365).

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ "Le Col d'Argentière qui est en la terre nove de la conté de Nyce qui souloit estre du païs de Provence. Et fut baillée en gaige pour certaine somme d'argent que l'on dit de lx mille escuzau conte Vert pour lors comte de Savoye". (1518 printed account, in W. A. B. Coolidge, "The Passages of the Alps in 1518" The English Historical Review 30 No. 120 [October 1915:681-691] pp 687).
  2. ^ Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. (New York: Alfred A> Knopf, 1996) p. 330-331
  3. ^ Echols, Anne and Marty Williams, An annotated index of Medieval Women, (Markus Weiner Publishing Inc., 1992), 92.

This page was last modified on 23 July 2010 at 19:41.

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Amadeus VI of Savoy, the Green Count's Timeline

1334
January 4, 1334
Chambéry, Rhône-Alpes, France
1360
February 24, 1360
Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France
1383
March 1, 1383
Age 49
Santo Stefano, Provincia di Campobasso, Molise, Italy
????
Savoy, Rhône-Alpes, France