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Anita Shapira (Erlichgracht)

Hebrew: אניטה שפירא
Birthplace: Warsaw, Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Beno Erlichgracht and Roza Erlichgracht
Widow of Shmaryahu Booby Shapira
Mother of Private; Private and Private

Managed by: Yigal Burstein
Last Updated:

About Anita Shapira

אניטה שפירא באתר מקבלי פרס ישראל תשס"ח

Anita Shapira (Hebrew: אניטה שפירא‎, born 1940) is an Israeli historian. She is the founder of the Yitzhak Rabin Center for Israel Studies, a Ruben Merenfeld Professor of the Study of Zionism and head of the Weizmann Institute for the Study of Zionism at Tel Aviv University. She received the Israel Prize in 2008.

Shapira was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1940, immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1947 and grew up in Tel Aviv. The family lived on Yavneh Street sharing a kitchen and bathroom with other families. Later, they moved to Yad Eliyahu.

She studied general and Jewish history at Tel Aviv University, completing her Ph.D in 1974 under Professor Daniel Carpi. Her dissertation, "The Struggle for Hebrew Labor, 1929-1939," indicated her interest in the history of the Labor Zionist movement, which was to be a continuing focus of her research. Since 1985 she has been a full professor at Tel Aviv University, serving in 1990-95 as dean of the Faculty of Humanities. Since 1995 she has held the Ruben Merenfeld Chair for the Study of Zionism. In 2000, she was appointed head of the Chaim Weizmann Institute for the Study of Zionism and Israel at Tel Aviv University. Since 2008, she has been the director of the Israel Democracy Institute.

From 1985 to 1989, she was a member of the Planning and Budgeting Commission of the Council for Higher Education in Israel; in 1987-90 she was chair of the board of Am Oved publishing house; since 1988 she has been a board member of the Zalman Shazar Institute. In 2002-2008, she was president of the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture. She founded the Yitzhak Rabin Center for Israel Studies and was its first director in 1996-99. She is a member of the Editorial Board of the Jewish Review of Books.


  • In 1977, she was awarded a prize from the Ben-Zvi Institute for her book Hama’avak Hanihzav (The Futile Struggle).
  • In 1992, the Am Oved publishing house awarded her a prize, on the occasion of its 50th anniversary, for the best non-fiction book, Herev Hayona (Land and Power), the English version of which won the National Jewish Book Award in 1993 in the category "Israel".
  • In 2004, she was awarded the Zalman Shazar prize in Jewish History, for her biography of Yigal Allon.
  • In 2005, she won the Herzl Prize for her excellence in Zionist research from the city of Herzliya.
  • In 2008, she was awarded the Israel Prize in Jewish history.

About אניטה שפירא (עברית)

אניטה שפירא (נולדה ב-1940) היא פרופסור אמריטה להיסטוריה של עם ישראל באוניברסיטת תל אביב, העומדת בראש המכון לחקר הציונות וישראל שם וכלת פרס ישראל לשנת תשס"ח 2008 בחקר ההיסטוריה של עם ישראל.

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Anita Shapira's Timeline

March 25, 1940
Warsaw, Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland