Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne

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Arthur de Dreux, Earl of Richmond

Lithuanian: Artūras II de Dreux, Bretanės Kunigaikštis
Also Known As: "Arzhur", "Arthur", "Duke of Brittany"
Birthdate: (50)
Birthplace: Rennes, Ille-Et-Vilaine, France
Death: August 27, 1312 (50)
Château de L'Isle, France
Place of Burial: Vannes, Brittany, France
Immediate Family:

Son of John II, duke of Brittany and Beatrice of England
Husband of Countess of Montfort Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort, Queen consort of Scots and Marie, vicomtesse de Limoges
Father of Jean IV de Montfort, duc de Bretagne; Béatrix de Dreux; Jeanne de Bretagne; Princess of Brittany Alix de Bretagne; Marie de Monfort and 5 others
Brother of Jean de Dreux, Earl of Richmond; Marie of Brittany, Countess of Saint-Pol; Blanche de Dreux, dame de Brie-Comte-Robert; Joan de Richmond and Alienor (Alice) de Dreux, Abbess of Fontevrault
Half brother of Pierre de Bretagne, vicomte de Laon

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne

Arthur II de Bretagne (1262-1312)

Arthur II, Duke of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arthur II (July 2, 1262 – August 27, 1312), of the House of Dreux, was Duke of Brittany from 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.

After he inherited the ducal throne, he gave his brother John their father's English earldom of Richmond.

As duke, Arthur was independent of the French crown. He divided his duchy into eight "battles": Leon, Kernev, Landreger, Penteur, Gwened, Naoned, Roazhon, and Sant Malou. In 1309, he convoked the first estates general (the ancestor of the Breton parliament) in Brittany. It was the first time in French history that the third estate was represented.

Arthur died at Château de L'Isle and was interred in a marble tomb of the cordeliers of Vannes. The tomb was vandalised during the French Revolution, but repaired and is on display today.

Marriages and children

In 1275, Arthur married Mary, Viscountess of Limoges, daughter of Gui VI, Viscount of Limoges and Margaret, Lady of Molinot. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy and his first wife Yolande of Dreux. They were parents of three children:

John III, Duke of Brittany (March 8, 1286 - April 30, 1341).

Guy de Dreux, Count of Penthievre (1287 - 1331). Father of Joanna of Dreux.

Pierre de Dreux (1289 - 1312).

Mary died in 1291. In May, 1292, Arthur was re-married to Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort, daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreux and Beatrice de Montfort. They were parents of seven children:

Jeanne de Dreux (1294 - 1363). Married Robert, Lord de Cassell.

John IV, Duke of Brittany (1295 - September 16, 1345).

Beatrice de Dreux (1295 - 1384). Married Guy X, Lord of Laval.

Jeanne de Dreux (1296 - 1364). Married Robert, Count of Marle.

Alice de Dreux (1297 - 1377). Married Bouchard VI, Count of Vendôme.

Blanche de Dreux (born c. 1300). Considered to have died young.

Marie de Dreux (1302 - 1371). A nun.


Arthur's ancestors in three generations'

Arthur II, Duke of Brittany Father:

John II, Duke of Brittany Paternal Grandfather:

John I, Duke of Brittany Paternal Great-Grandfather:

Peter I, Duke of Brittany

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Alix, Duchess of Brittany

Paternal Grandmother:

Blanche of Navarre. Paternal Great-Grandfather:

Theobald I of Navarre

Paternal Great-Grandmother:

Agnes of Beaujeu


Beatrice of England Maternal Grandfather:

Henry III of England Maternal Great-Grandfather:

John of England

Maternal Great-Grandmother:

Isabella of Angoulême

Maternal Grandmother:

Eleanor of Provence Maternal Great-grandfather:

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence

Maternal Great-Grandmother:

Beatrice of Savoy

view all 15

Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

July 2, 1262
Rennes, Ille-Et-Vilaine, France
March 8, 1286
Age 23
Champtoceaux, Pays de la Loire, France
Age 24
Brittany, France
Age 30
Hennebont, Brittany, France
December 7, 1295
Age 33
Age 33
Age 34
Bretagne, France
July 18, 1300
Age 38
Bretagne, Indre, France
Age 39
Bretagne, Indre, France