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Avice Bardolf (Cromwell)

Also Known As: "Hawise"
Birthdate: (51)
Birthplace: Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Death: July 1, 1421 (51)
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell and Maud Cromwell
Wife of Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf of Wormgay
Mother of Ann Bardolf; Joan Phelip and Edward /Edmond Bardolf
Sister of Mary Whitney (Cromwell); Elizabeth Benstead; Maud Fitzwilliams; William Cromwell; Thomas Cromwell and 2 others

Managed by: Kira Rachele Jay
Last Updated:

About Avice Bardolf

  • Avice Cromwell1,2,3,4,5,6,7
  • F, #48376, b. circa 1363, d. 1 July 1421
  • Father Sir Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell2,3,4,8,6,7 b. c 1335, d. 27 Aug 1398
  • Mother Maud Bernake1,2,3,8,6 b. c 1337, d. 10 Apr 1419
  • Avice Cromwell was born circa 1363 at of Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England.2 She married Sir Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf, son of Sir William Bardolf, 4th Lord Bardolph of Wormgay and Agnes Poynings, before 8 July 1382; They had 2 daughters (Anne, wife of Sir William Clifford and of Reynold, Lord Cobham; and Joan, wife of Sir William Phelip).1,2,3,4,5,7 Avice Cromwell died on 1 July 1421 at of Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England.1,3,6
  • Family Sir Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf b. 22 Dec 1369, d. 19 Feb 1408
  • Children
    • Anne Bardolf9,3,4,6,7 b. 24 Jun 1389, d. 6 Nov 1453
    • Joan Bardolf+10,3,6 b. 11 Nov 1390, d. 12 Mar 1447
  • Citations
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. I, p. 420.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 494-495.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 104-105.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 524.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 572.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 255.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 270.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 569-570.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. III, p. 354.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. I, p. 420-421.
  • From:


  • Anice de Cromwell1
  • F, #103010, d. 1 July 1421
  • Last Edited=20 Feb 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.02%
  • Anice de Cromwell was the daughter of Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell and Maud de Bernake.1 She married Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf, son of William Bardolf, 4th Lord Bardolf and Agnes de Poynings, before 8 July 1382.1 She died on 1 July 1421, without male issue.2
  • She was also known as Hawise.2 She was also known as Amice.1 From before 8 July 1382, her married name became Bardolf.1 As a result of her marriage, Anice de Cromwell was styled as Lady Bardolf on 29 January 1386.
  • Children of Anice de Cromwell and Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf
    • Anne Bardolf1 b. 24 Jun 1389, d. 6 Nov 1453
    • Joan Bardolf+1 b. 11 Nov 1390, d. 12 Mar 1446/47
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 420. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 983. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • From:


  • Avice CROMWELL
  • Born: ABT 1369, probably Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
  • Father: Ralph CROMWELL (Sir)
  • Mother: Maud BERNAKE
  • Married: Thomas BARDOLF (5º B. Bardolf) (son of William Bardolf, 4º B. Bardolf, and Agnes De Poynings)
  • Children:
    • 1. Anne BARDOLF (B. Cobham) (m.1 Reginald Cobham, B. Cobham - m.2 William Clifford)
    • 2. Joan BARDOLF (m. William Phellipes of Donington)
  • From: CROMWELL1


  • The dictionary of national biography : founded in 1882 by George Smith SUPPLEMENT Vol. 1 ABBOTT--CHILDERS
  • BARDOLF or BARDOLPH, THOMAS, fifth BARON BARDOLF (1368-1408), born at Birling, near Cuckmere Haven, Sussex, on 22 Dec. 1368, was son and heir of William, fourth baron Bardolf, by his wife Agnes, daughter of Michael, second baron Poynings [q. v.] Her sister Mary married Sir Arnold Savage [q. v.], the well-known speaker of the House of Commons. The family had long been settled at Wormegay in Norfolk, though the first baron Bardolf by writ was son of William Bardolf [q. v.], one of the baronial leaders under Simon de Montfort, and died in September 1304. William, the fourth baron, was Hugh's great-grandson, was born about 1349, served in the wars in France and Ireland, and died before 29 Jan. 1385-6. His will, dated 12 Sept. 1384, is printed in the 'Testamenta Vetusta,' i, 116. His younger son, Sir William Bardolf, unlike his brother Thomas, remained faithful to Henry IV, served under the Duke of Burgundy in 1411, and died on 25 July 1423. His widow married Sir Thomas Mortimer (d. 1402), an adherent of the Duke of Gloucester, who had been attainted in 1397, and died on 12 June 1403,
  • Thomas Bardolf succeeded his father as fifth baron in 1386. He had married, before 8 July 1382, Amicia, daughter of Ralph, second baron Cromwell, and aunt of Ralph, fourth baron Cromwell [q. v.], and had on 9 May 1383 been enfeoffed by his father of the manor of Reskington. His mother in her will requested Henry Percy, first earl of Northumberland [q. v.], to superintend the arrangements for her funeral, and Bardolf's daughter Anne married Sir William Clifford, Northumberland's right-hand man. Bardolf therefore naturally followed the political lead of the Percies during Richard II's reign. On 5 April 1399 he received letters of protection on going to Ireland with the king (RYMER, viii. 79), but there is little doubt that he, like Northumberland, joined Henry of Lancaster when he landed in Yorkshire in the following July, and from the beginning of Henry IV's reign he was an active member of the privy council (NICOLAS, Ordinances, &c. i. 106 sqq.) On 9 Feb. 1400 he offered to assist Henry against the French or the Scots 'without wages or reward,' and accompanied the king on his invasion of Scotland in the following August.
  • The loyalty of the Percies to Henry IV was, however, shortlived , and Bardolf appears to have been implicated to some extent in Hotspur's rebellion of 1403. He is said to have been convicted of treason and pardoned (Chron., ed. Giles, p. 42), but even Mr. Wylie is unable to throw light on this obscure affair. In any case Bardolf seems to have been fully restored to favour, and continued a regular attendant at the privy council until the beginning of 1405. Secretly, however, he was privy to the plots formed in the winter of 1404-5. Even at the council board he had shown a refractory disposition in opposing grants and other measures, and when, in May 1405, Henry summoned him to Worcester to serve against the Welsh, Bardolf disobeyed the order and made his way to Northumberland. On 12 June his property was declared confiscated, and on the 19th the peers found that he had committed treason, but suggested that a proclamation should be made ordering him to appear within fifteen days of Midsummer, or else to be condemned by default. Instead of appearing at York on 10 Aug., the date fixed, Bardolf, with Northumberland, fled to Scotland. Some of his lands were granted to Prince John, afterwards Duke of Bedford, and others to Henry and Thomas Beaufort.
  • Soon afterwards the Scots proposed to surrender Northumberland and Bardolf in exchange for the Earl of Douglas, who had been captured by the English at Homildon Hill ; but the two peers escaped to Wales. To Bardolf is ascribed the famous tripartite treaty dividing England and Wales between Owen Glendower [q. v.], Sir Edmund Mortimer (1376-1409 ?) [q. v.], and the Earl of Northumberland, which was now solemnly agreed to. During the spring of 1406 Northumberland and Bardolf remained in Wales, giving what help they could to Owen Glendower, but in July they sought safer refuge at Paris. There they represented themselves as the supporters, not of the pseudo Richard, but of the young Earl of March (RAMSAY, i. 112, 113). They failed, however, to obtain any material support, were equally unsuccessful in Flanders, and finally returned to Scotland. They had still some secret supporters in the north of England, where the prevalent disorder seemed to offer some faint hopes of success. In January 1407-8 they crossed the Tweed, and advanced to Thirsk, where they issued a manifesto. But their following was small, and on 19 Feb. they were defeated by Sir Thomas Rokeby [q. v.] at Bramham Moor. Northumberland was killed, and Bardolf, who was captured, died of his wounds the same night. His body was quartered, and parts of it sent to London, Lynn, Shrewsbury, and York, the head being exhibited at Lincoln (English Chron. ed. Davies, p. 34). Lord Bardolf figures prominently in Shakespeare's 'Henry IV, part ii. ;' the other Bardolf, Pistol's friend, who appears in both parts, and also in 'Henry V,' seems to be entirely imaginary.
  • By his wife, who died on 1 July 1421, Bardolf had issue two daughters : Anne, who married first Sir William Clifford, and secondly Sir Reginald Cobham ; and Joan (1390-1447), who married Sir William Phelip (1383-1441) of Bennington, Suffolk, and Erpingham, Norfolk [cf. art. ERPINGHAM, SIR THOMAS]. He served at Agincourt, was captain of Harfleur 1421-1422, treasurer of the household to Henry V, and chamberlain to Henry VI, and on 13 Nov. 1437 was created Baron Bardolf; on his death in 1441 the peerage became extinct.
  • [Full details of Bardolfs life, with ample references to the original authorities, are given in Wylie's Hist, of Henry IV and Ramsay's Lancaster and York. The chief are Ordinances of the Privy Council, ed. Nicolas; Rotuli Parl.; Rymer's Fœdera, vol. viii. ; Cal. Rot. Pat. ; Cal. Rot. Claus. ; Sussex Archæol. Coll. vol. xi.; Blomefield's Norfolk, passim ; G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Peerage.] A. F. P.


  • Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf (died 19 February 1408) was a baron in the Peerage of England, Lord of Wormegay, Norfolk, of Shelford and Stoke Bardolph in Nottinghamshire, Hallaton (Hallughton), Leicestershire, and others, and was "a person of especial eminence in his time".[1]
  • He was an armiger, his Arms being: Azure, three cinquefoils, or. A supporter of the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland against King Henry IV after the death of Percy's son Harry Hotspur, he died from wounds received at the Battle of Bramham Moor.
  • The eldest son of William 4th Lord Bardolf, Knight, of Wormegay, Thomas Bardolf de Wormegay, 5th Baron Bardolf, was summoned to parliament from 12 September 1390 to 25 August 1404.
  • He took part with Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, and others, in their insurrection against king Henry IV, and being pursued by the Royal Army in great force, was obliged to flee to France. But about three years after returning to England, he resumed his alliance with the said Earl of Northumberland, Thomas, Earl Marshall & Earl of Nottingham, and Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York only to be defeated again in Yorkshire by John of Lancaster and the Earl of Westmorland. The king ordered the execution of the Earl Marshall and Scrope who were subsequently beheaded at York.
  • Finally, in 1408, at the Battle of Bramham Moor, they suffered a total defeat, Northumberland was slain, and Lord Bardolf "so much hurt", that he died of his wounds soon after.
  • Bardolf had married Avicia, daughter of Ralph de Cromwell, 2nd Lord Cromwell, and left two daughters, Anne and Joan, his co-heirs. However, his honours and lands had already been forfeited to the Crown by attainder.
  • William Dugdale states that "Lord Bardolf's remains were quartered, and the quarters disposed of by being placed above the gates of London, York, Lenne [possibly King's Lynn?], and Shrewsbury, while the head was placed upon one of the gates of Lincoln; his widow obtained permission, however, in a short time, to remove and bury them."
  • The estates were divided between Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter (the king's half-brother), Sir George de Dunbar, Knight, and the Queen; but the latter's proportion, upon the petition of Sir William Clifford, knt.,[2] and his wife, Anne, and Sir William Phelip and his wife, Joan, to the king, was granted in reversion, after the Queen's decease, to those husband's of the attainted nobleman.
  • Also, on "27 April 1407. The King to the sheriff of Lincoln. Referring to the late plea in Chancery between Amicia (sic) wife of Thomas, late lord of Bardolf, and George de Dunbarre regarding certain lands in Ruskynton forfeited by Thomas, which had been granted by the King to George, with the manor of Calthorpe, the half of Ancastre (and many others), wherein it was adjudged that Rusynton should be excepted from the grant and restored to her with the rents, etc., from 27 November 1405, drawn by George, - the King orders him to restore the same to Amicia. Westminster. [Close, 9 Henry IV. m.17.]".[3]
  • From:,_5th_Baron_Bardolf


  • PHELIP, Sir William (c.1380-1441), of Dennington, Suff.
  • b.c. 1380, 1st s. of William Phelip (d.1407) of Dennington by Juliana, da. of Sir Robert Erpingham† of Erpingham, Norf.; nephew and h. of Sir Thomas Erpingham KG (d.1428), and er. bro. of Sir John Phelip*. m. bef. June 1408, Joan (11 Nov. 1390-12 Mar. 1447), yr. da. and coh. of Thomas, 5th Lord Bardolf, by Amy, da. of Ralph, Lord Cromwell, of Tattershall, Lincs., 1da. Kntd. 8 Apr. 1413; KG Nov. 1418; cr. Lord Bardolf 13 Nov. 1437.1
  • .... etc.
  • It was no doubt with Erpingham’s help, and with the full approval of Henry IV, that Phelip came to make the important marriage which was eventually to give him territorial standing in several counties. By the summer of 1408 he had secured the hand of one of the daughters and coheirs of Thomas, late Lord Bardolf, whose estates had been forfeited three years earlier for rebellion in support of the earl of Northumberland. The King had granted the confiscated honour of Wormegay to his own half-brother, Sir Thomas Beaufort, and other Bardolf lands had gone to Sir George Dunbar, Sir William Bardolf (Lord Bardolf’s brother) and the queen. Then, too, Lord Bardolf’s widow held certain properties in dower. Yet over the years Phelip and his wife, Joan, in association with her elder sister Anne (wife firstly of Sir William Clifford, who died in 1418, and then of Sir Reynold Cobham of Sterborough), gradually secured possession of all of the Bardolf estates. It was a long process: in 1408 they paid 200 marks to recover the lands held by Dunbar, along with the reversion of the properties held by Sir William Bardolf; and they brought suits in Chancery against Queen Joan and in opposition to Lady Bardolf’s claims to jointure, thereby succeeding in obtaining the reversion of the manors held by the former, but being formally required a few years later not to trouble Lady Bardolf further. In 1413 judgement in another suit won them Hallaton (Leicestershire) from the queen. Lady Bardolf died in 1421, followed by her brother-in-law two years later, but seisin of Queen Joan’s holdings was not to be secured until as late as 1439, after her death. By 1438 it was clear that Phelip’s sister-in-law, Anne, would have no issue and, accordingly, the Phelips were assured of the reversion of her moiety of the estates. Thus, eventually, the whole Bardolf inheritance fell to Sir William and his heirs.9 He died in possession of holdings in ten counties, conservatively valued at £400 a year.
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • Lady Joan Bardolf Phelip
  • Birth: unknown
  • Death: 1447
  • Joan was the daughter and co-heir of Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf and Avicia de Cromwell.

She married Sir William Phelip and they were the parents of Elizabeth Phelip, who married John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont, the first Viscount to be created in England.


  • Anne Bardolf Cobham
  • Birth: unknown
  • Death: 1454
  • Daughter and co-heiress to Lord Thomas Bardolf and Amice Cromwell, daughter of Lord Ralph Cromwell. Wife and widow of Sir William Clifford, secondly, wife of Sir Reynold Cobham. Anne had no children.
  • Family links:
  • Spouse:
  • Reginald Cobham (1382 - 1446)*
  • Burial: St Peter and St Paul Churchyard, Lingfield, Tandridge District, Surrey, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 46701915
  • From:


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Avice Bardolf's Timeline

Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
June 24, 1389
Age 19
November 11, 1390
Age 20
Tattershall Castle, Tattersall, Lincolnshire, England
July 1, 1421
Age 51
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Age 51