Batu, Khan of the Golden Horde

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About Batu, Khan of the Golden Horde

Batu Khan (Mongolian: Бат Хаан, Russian: Баты́й,Chinese: 拔都可汗 (c. 1205–1255) was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Ulus of Jochi (or Golden Horde), the sub-khanate of the Mongol Empire. The land of the Golden Horde bordered Kubilai Khan's China, on the East. It streched accross Central Russia and included the cities of Moscow and Kiev. After Batu, his descendants lived on the steppes, collecting tributes from the Russian princes who lived in the cities. ref: Empire of the Mongols. revised edition. Michael Burgan. and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batu_Khan


from his Golden Horde dynasty . Under the will of Jochi had two thousand horsemen : quinine ( mobilized Jurchens ) , artillery and Mangutov . in 1227 - was born ? In 1235, at the Congress to address the issue of the campaign in the south- east of Europe , led by Batu. In 1236 Mr. Mongolian troops took the Great Bulgar , in spring 1237 attacked the Alans and Kipchaks . In autumn 1237 subordinated buratasov , erzyu and moksha , coming up to the borders of the Ryazan principality under his leadership. Pronsk ruined , Belgorod, Izheslavets . Defeated the army of Ryazan, taken 14 cities and smashed the army of George II on the river Sit , won by Vladimir Pereslavl' , Yuriev , Dmitrov, after a two-week siege Torzhok taken March 5, 1238 , seven weeks of siege Kozel'sk . In 1239 Chernihiv was taken in 1240 - Kiev . In 1241 - attacked Hungary , spending way through Volyn 4 months. Pali town : Pest Varadinov , Arad, inflection , Egres , Temeshvar , Dyulafehervar . Then subjected to defeat Slovakia , Czech Republic and Croatia East . Died 11 November Ugedey and Batu , noting the destruction of the Polovtsian hordes considered its mission accomplished and left the shores of the Lower Volga . Monk , the ambassador of Pope Innocent IV, John Karpin , a local in 1246 g in Russia from Italy, wrote: " Baty has a reddish face , gentle in manner with her , but formidable to all; in war is cruel , cunning, and is famous for the most experienced ." At 60 miles from the city of Astrakhan built a barn on the banks Akhtuba . His first wife , Borakchina ( Burakchin ) ( executed in 1257 ) .
Mongol king maker

Khans of the Grey Horde (Shaibanid Empire) AD 1500 - 1534

The Shaibanids were Özbegs (Uzbeks), a Turkic tribal people whose Mongol leaders were descended from Shiban, son of Jochi Khan of the Golden Horde. By the fifteenth century, they lived in the region of Turkestan, which covered eastern Scythia, Transoxiana, and Greater Khorasan. Today the heartland of this region is formed by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

In 1450, the Shaibanid (or Shaybanid) Uzbegs came to prominence when Mohammed Shaibani, grandson of their then-current leader, aided the Timurid prince, Abu Sa'id, to capture Samarkand and the Timurid crown. Following the further fracturing of Timurid territories in 1469, the Shaibanids became more and more of a threat. Just half a century after aiding the Timurids, Mohammed Shaibani overthrew the last of them, taking Samarkand in 1501 and Farghana in 1505. Another branch of the clan captured Transoxianan Khwarazm in 1511. The latter region included a small Timurid principality, and its heir, Babur, was forced to move to Kabul and then India, where he founded the Moghul empire.

Shiban (Sheiban)(Xiban) or Shayban was one of the Left Wing princes. Founder of the Shaibanids- He was Jöchi's fifth son and a grandson of Genghis Khan. Because he had not reached his majority when his father died in 1227, he did not receive any lands at that time.

Shiban is too young when his father dies to gain any territories himself, despite being one of Jochi's sub-commanders of the subsidiary White Horde. Instead, his descendants, the Shaibanids (the Grey Horde), carve out their own territory in the fifteenth century in Turkestan when they conquer Transoxiana and Khorasan. Batu's other brother, Orda, commands the White Horde.


Batu Khan begins the invasion and conquest of the lands of the Rus, with Subedei agreeing to accompany him. They cross the Volga and within a year have conquered the Volga Bulgars, Alans, and Kipchaks. Then, having been refused in their demand that Yuri II of Vladimir submits, they take the city of Riazan on the River Oka after a five-day catapult assault. Then they take Kolumna and Moscow, and defeat the grand duke of Suzdal leading the most powerful force in the northern half of the Rus lands. During the invasion, Kiev is conquered by Danylo Romanovych of Halych-Volynia, creating another target for a Mongol attack. Cumans and Kipchaks (possibly one and the same people according to details shown in the main introduction, above), and other nomadic groups flee the Rus lands to seek refuge in Hungary. As Batu Khan sees these people as his subjects, news of their departure is not welcomed and plans are laid to pursue them. Novgorod survives the tidal wave of conquest because the Mongols are unable to find a route through the marshes. Instead, they attack Kozelsk, which inflicts an unusual defeat on their vanguard before falling. Its entire population is slaughtered as an example. Kiev also falls after a brave defence (by 1240), even though Prince Michael of Kiev flees beforehand. The city is largely destroyed. 1238 - 1242 After devastating the already-subjugated Crimea and subduing Mordovia and Kipchaks on the steppes in 1238, Batu Khan and Subedei turn their attention to Europe in 1239. The Mongols enter Galicia, capturing the capital and destroying the cathedral there. Both Poland and Hungary are conquered in 1241, with European defeats at Liegnitz and the River Sajo. However, the death of Ogedei Khan causes the Mongols to withdraw, with Batu Khan intent on securing his conquests in the lands of the Rus. He holds onto Galicia, though, which remains a Mongol possession until his death. Even after relinquishing direct control, the Mongols retain suzerainty over the state. 1246 The election of Guyuk Khan as Great Khan confirms Batu Khan's fears, so he consolidates his territories to the north of the Caspian Sea and establishes a capital at Sarai Batu (Old Sarai). He converts his territories into a khanate (the equivalent of a kingdom) which becomes known as the Blue Horde. Batu's brothers, Orda and Shiban had also participated in his European campaign, and they now form their own khanates. Orda's khanate, located to the east of the Blue Horde, becomes known as the White Horde, while Shiban's khanate is the relatively obscure Shaibanids. Although both the Blue Horde and White Horde are in effect independent, they still acknowledge the suzerainty of the great khan. 1248 With rising tensions between Great Khan Guyuk Khan and Batu Khan, it is only the former's early death that prevents a civil war from erupting between them. Oghul Ghaymish becomes regent during the election process that selects the next great khan, but the mighty empire has been shown to be prone to disunity. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shiban (Sheiban) or Shayban was one of the Left Wing princes. He was Jöchi's fifth son and a grandson of Genghis Khan. Because he had not reached his majority when his father died in 1227, he did not receive any lands at that time. Shiban participated the Mongol invasion of Europe and made decisive attack on the army of Béla IV at the Battle of Mohi in 1241 Abulghazi says that after this campaign, Batu gave Shiban, lands east of the Ural Mountains on the lower parts of the Syr Darya, Chu, and Sari Suers as winter quarters and the lands of the Ural River flowing off the east side of the Urals, north and east of the Volga, as summer quarters. Shiban was also given 15,000 families as a gift from his brother Orda, as well as the four Uruks of the Kuchis, the Naimans, the Karluks, and the Buiruks, while he assigned him as a camping ground all the country lying between that of his brother Orda Ichin and his own.[1] Thus Shiban's lands were somewhat between Batu's and Orda's, and in the northern part of the White Horde's territory. Although, it is unknown how long he lived, his descendants continued to rule long after the breakup of the Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde). It is merely said that he left twelve sons, namely, Bainal or Yasal, Behadur, Kadak, Balagha, Cherik or Jerik, Mergen or Surkhan, Kurtugha or Kultuka, Ayachi or Abaji, Sailghan or Sasiltan, Beyanjar or Bayakachar, Majar, and Kunchi or Kuwinji.[2][3] Shiban's descendants are known as the Shaybanids; his male line continues down to the present time. One of Shiban's sons, Balagha Bey (Prince Balagha) assisted Hulagu Khan in taking Baghdad in 1258.[4] However, he died in unknown circumstances.

Muhammad Shaybani Khan (Uzbek: Muhammad Shayboniy, Persian: شیبک خان ‎‎) also known as Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan or Shayabak Khan or Shahi Beg Khan (c. 1451 – 2 December 1510), was an Uzbek leader who consolidated various Uzbek tribes and laid the foundations for their ascendance in Transoxiana and the establishment of the Khanate of Bukhara. He was a descendant of Shiban (or Shayban), the fifth son of Jochi, Genghis Khan's eldest son.


“Batou [...que l’on appelait Sain-khan], qui avait pour mère Ouki-Koutchin fille d’Itchi-Noian Kongorat” second among the 14 sons of “Djoudji”

He succeeded his grandfather in 1227 in the right to the western part of the western lands which had been intended for his father, but which was at that time still unconquered and referred to as Desht-i-Kipchak, the Kipchak Khanate, or "Golden Horde".

Batu led the conquest of these western lands, launched in 1236 by his uncle Khan Ogodai, and established himself as BATU Khan of the Golden Horde.

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Long after the expulsion of the Yuan Dynasty from China to Mongolia, and the fall of Ilkhanate in Middle East, the descendants of Batu Khan continued to rule the Russian steppes. However, Batu's line had ruled the Jochid Ulus until 1360, a century after Berke's death in 1264. Descendants of his brothers, Orda and Tuqatimur, took the throne of the Golden Horde afterwards.

In 2011 only one family in Far East Russia, Vladivostok is often considered to be the relatives of Batu Khan, the grand son of Genghis Khan.

About Batu, Khan of the Golden Horde (Persian)

https://www.vajehyab.com/dehkhoda/باتو-1

شیبک خان ازبک (متولد ۸۵۵ ق. /۸۳۰ خ.؛ مرگ ۹۱۶ ق. /۸۸۹ خ.) بنیانگذار خاندان پادشاهی شیبانی (شیبانیان) ازبکان بود. نام و نسب او محمد شاهبخت خان بود وبه محمد شیبانی، شاهی بیگ خان، شیبانی خان و شاهبخت خان نیز مشهور بوده‌است.

خاندان شیبانی ابتدا در سیبری ساکن بودند و در ناحیه تیومن فرمانروایی می‌کردند. یک قسمت عمده از این شعبه تحت فرماندهی محمد شیبانی به ماوراءالنهر کوچ کردند و امرای تیموری را از بین برده دولت ازبکان را تأسیس نمودند. شیبک خان بمناسبت نام جدش «شیبانی» تخلص می‌کرد. وی مردی بسیار دلیر و جنگجو و خودخواه و متعصب بود. در سال ۸۷۹ خ. (۹۰۶ ه‍. ق.) قسمتی از ماوراءالنهر را با شهر سمرقند از یکی از نوادگان امیر تیمور گرفت و به‌سلطنت نشست و از آن پس تا سال ۸۸۶ خ. (۹۱۳ ه‍. ق.) نیز تمام ترکستان و ماوراءالنهر را با سراسر خراسان و استرآباد را از دست بازماندگان سلطان حسین‌میرزا بایقرا و دیگر جانشینان تیموری بدرآورد و از مغرب و جنوب با ولایت عراق عجم، کرمان و یزد که در قلمرو شاه اسماعیل یکم صفوی بود همسایه شد.

چون در مذهب تسنن تعصب وافر داشت و با شیعه بسختی دشمن بود و به شاه اسماعیل بچشم دشمن می‌نگریست و او را در نامه‌ها تحقیر می‌کرد، شاه اسماعیل در سال ۸۸۹ خ. (۹۱۶ ه‍. ق.) با لشکر بسیار بخراسان تاخت و شیبک‌خان از بیم او به قلعهٔ مرو پناه برد و محاصره شد. شاه اسماعیل عاقبت او را بحیله از قلعه بیرون کشید و بجنگ وادار ساخت. در نبرد مرو که در نزدیک قریه محمودآباد در سه‌فرسنگی مرو میان دو حریف درگرفت پس از کشتاری هولناک ازبکان را شکست داد. شیبک‌خان با گروهی از همراهان در چهاردیواریی محصور شدند و خان در زیر سم اسبان لشکر خود پایمال گردید و جسدش را نزد شاه اسماعیل بردند و سرش را از تن جدا کردند و پوست سرش را پر از کاه کرده برای سلطان بایزید دوم عثمانی فرستادند و استخوان سرش را طلا گرفتند و از آن جام شراب ساختند.

О Батом (русский)

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Batu, Khan of the Golden Horde's Timeline

1205
1205
Ulus, Ulus, Bartın, Turkey
1220
1220
Age 15
1225
1225
Age 20
Mongolia
1230
1230
Age 25
1235
1235
Age 30
1255
1255
Age 50
Sarai, Saraevskiy rayon, Ryazanskaya oblast', Russia