Caleb Arnold, Patriot

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Caleb Arnold, Patriot

Birthdate: (58)
Birthplace: The section of old Providence, RI which was set off as Smithfield in 1731, Rhode Island, United States
Death: February 5, 1784 (58)
Glocester, Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Joseph Arnold and Mercy Stafford
Husband of Patience Arnold and Anna Arnold
Father of William Arnold, Qmstr; Ezekiel Arnold; Nehemiah Arnold; Jabez Arnold; Oliver Arnold and 10 others
Brother of Eleazer Arnold; Joseph Arnold; Benjamin Arnold; Elizabeth Bucklin; Amos Arnold and 6 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Caleb Arnold, Patriot

He spent his formative years in Smithfield, RI.

1759, March 9- "Caleb Arnold of Glocester, but late of Smithfield, RI" purchased 150 acres of land from James King, Jr. for 3,000 pounds (a very large sum of money at the time). The property was described as "All the farm where I (James King, Jr.) dwell."

1770, June 1- Caleb deeds land to son, Esek Arnold, which is "part of my homestead farm where I dwell." Unfortunately, this house is no longer standing. It stood near or on Pine Hill in West Glocester along Route 94 (Reynolds Road).

Served in the American Revolution along with eight sons, Esek, William, Nehemiah, Jabez, Caleb, Jr., Edward, Oliver, and three sons in law William Colwell, Jonathan Brown, and Ephraim Williams.

Siblings: Eleazer (named after his grandfather Eleazer Arnold) born 1716 or 17, Joseph, Jr. born 30 April 1717 or 18, Benjamin born 16 March 1719, Joshua born 14 July 1720, Amos born 29 March 1721, Elizabeth born 10 April 1723, Deborah born 15 May 1727, Nathan born 1729, Mercy born 22 April 1734, Stukely born 1735, and Samuel born 12 July 1736.

"The Arnolds were all Quakers, who usually are conscientious objectors to

taking part in war. But the Fighting Quakers of the Revolution were noted

for their warring ability, and the family of Caleb Arnold has a record

probably unmatched in history. [There were] eight sons and three

sons-in-law of Caleb Arnold who served in the War of the Revolution.*

"Caleb the Patriot was fifty-one years old when the call to arms came for

men of sixteen to fifty years of age. But he served his county as Deputy

from 1773 to 1778 and as War Commissioner in 1780 from Gloucester, Rhode

Island, making an even dozen from this one family in the war. Patience

Brown, wife of Caleb the Patriot, and her three daughters, Achsa, Patience

and Lucy, attended to the farms while their men were at war, in the meantime

caring for the wounded and dying soldiers. A Rhode Island account of this

remarkable family of patriots says, 'The hardships encountered by the mother

and daughters are said to have been almost beyond endurance and fired their

husband's hearts to the conflict with unbounded enthusiasm. They were near

neighbors to General Putnam.' (Palen, pg 44, 45)

  • (From J.O. Arnold) Arnold family members who served in the War of the

Revolution were: William, Othniel, Jabez, and Edward, who served in Captain

Stephen Kimball's company, Colonel Dan Hitchcock's Regiment, General

Nathaniel Greene's Brigade. William served as sergeant in Captain Kimball's

company and then as Lieutenant under Colonel Elliot. Nehemiah and Ezekiel

served in Massachusetts and Oliver in Company A, Colonel John Topham's

Regiment. Oliver later moved to the Chenango County and then to Olean, New

York. Caleb, the Fife Major was in Captain Kimball's company and later

served under Colonel Elliot.

Achsah married Jonathan Brown, and Patience married Ephraim Williams who

both served in Col. Topham's Regt. and marched to Quebec. Lucy married

William Coldwell, who is thought to have served in the war, but his service

is, so far, not validated." [JO Arnold]

Sources: "Caleb Arnold, the Patriot" by James Oliver Arnold; North Guilford

Pioneers, by Ida Palen, 1906, [no Pension Application found for Caleb

Arnold, Sr. JDW, 2005] The Narragansett Historical Register, James N.

Arnold, Ed., Online, January 2006

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Caleb Arnold, Patriot's Timeline

May 26, 1725
The section of old Providence, RI which was set off as Smithfield in 1731, Rhode Island, United States
Age 23
Gloucester, Providence, RI
Age 24
Glocester, Kent, RI
Age 27
Gloucester, Providence, RI
Age 28
Gloucester, Providence, RI
June 10, 1755
Age 30
Gloucester, Providence, RI
October 25, 1759
Age 34
Gloucester, Providence, RI
Age 34
Gloucester, Providence, RI
March 3, 1763
Age 37
Gloucester, Providence, RI