Capt. Adam Thoroughgood

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Adam Thoroughgood (Thorowgood)

Also Known As: "Adam Thoroughgood / Thorowgood"
Birthplace: Grimston, Norfolk, England
Death: April 27, 1640 (35)
Adam Thoroughgood House (on the Lynnhaven River), Thoroughgood, Virginia Beach, Lower Norfolk County (Present Princess Anne County), Virginia Colony (Died of a sudden illness.)
Place of Burial: Church Point, Virginia Beach, Princess Anne County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Rev. William Thorogood, rector of Grimston and Anne Thorogood
Husband of Sarah Yeardly
Father of Ann Fowke; Sarah Overzee; Elizabeth Michaels and Col. Adam Thoroughgood, Jr.
Brother of Thomas Thoroughgood; Richard Thoroughgood; Edmund Thoroughgood; Sir John Thoroughgood, Kt.; Mordaunt Thoroughgood and 3 others

Occupation: Indentured Servant, Captain
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Capt. Adam Thoroughgood

Captain Adam Thorowgood, Sr. (William1) was born in Grimston, Norfolk, England about 1603. Based on baptism date of 1603 at St. Botolph's, Parish of Grimston, Norfolk. (Adventures of Purse & Person, p. 607) Adam died about 1640 in Lower Norfolk Co., VA. Adam may have been at Jamestown, VA when he died. All the paperwork was at Lower Norfolk Co.

He married Sarah Offley in Blackfriars, London, England, July 18, 1627. St. Anne's Church.

Sarah was born in England about 1609. Based on her baptism April 16, 1609 at St. Benet, Gracechurch, London. Sarah was the daughter of Robert Offley and Anne Osburn.

Sarah died 1657 in Lower Norfolk Co., VA, at 48 years of age. Sarah was 18 years old when she came to the Virginia colony. Court records show her bringing suit on several occasions: swearing out a warrant on Goody Layton for wronging her deceased husband with a "Pish;" two men for making insulting remarks to her daughter, Sarah in 1644; and just days before her death she took a tenant farmer to court for improper planting of an orchard and "ground made waste of." She was described as "beautiful and high-spirited" with a "backbone of steel and an indomitable will." (Norfolk Co. VA GenWeb, Thorowgood Family by Carol Middleton; dates-Meyer & Dorman, Adventurers of Purse & Person, Dietz Press, Richmond, VA 1987, pp.459, 607)

He made a will in Lower Norfolk Co., VA, February 17, 1639. Adam's will was probated in Lower Norfolk Co., VA, April 27, 1640. Adam Thorowgood came to Virginia on the "Charles" in 1621. He was at Elizabeth City for the 1623-4 census and is shown aged 18 for the 1624-5 census, a servant in the muster of Edward Waters. By 1626, he is known as Captain Adam Thorogood, Gentleman of Kiquotan, when he purchased 150 acres on the north side of Hampton Roads. He patented 400 acres in Elizabeth City County on March 21, 1634-5 and 5,350 acres at Lynnhaven, Lower Norfolk County in 1637. This land at Lynnhaven on the south side of Hampton Roads was due him for the personal adventure of himself and his wife and the transportation of 105 persons between 1628 and 1634 (see names in introduction).

He was appointed commissioner for holding monthly court at Elizabeth City on March 7, 1728-9, served as a Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1629 and 1630-1632. He was a member of the first court for Lower Norfolk County May 15, 1637, vestryman of Lynnhaven Parish and the first church of Lynnhaven Parish was built in 1639 on his land at Church Point.

His will named his wife, Sarah, son Adam and daughters Ann, Sarah and Elizabeth. He asked that he be buried at the parish church at Lynnhaven.


Adam Thorowgood(I)(Capt.) and Sarah Offley had the following children:

  • child + 4 i. Ann3 Thorowgood was born October 30, 1630.
  • child 5 ii. Sarah Thorowgood was born 1631. Sarah died October 9, 1658 in Charles Co., MD, at 27 years of age. She was buried on October 9, 1658. She married Simon Overzee. Simon died 1660. He was a merchant of Lower Norfolk County and owner of the ship "Virginia Merchant." He moved to Charles Co. MD, where he owned land with his brother-in-law, Job Chandler, at Port Tobacco, and another tract called "Rotterdam." After Sarah's death, he married Elizabeth Willoughby, who was administrator of his estate. According to Purse & Person, Sarah died in childbirth. She had at least one child when the family moved to Maryland and the one born in 1658, none living to maturity. (Purse & Person, p. 611)
  • child + 6 iii. Elizabeth Thorowgood was born 1633.
  • child + 7 iv. Adam Thorowgood(II)(Lt. Col.) was born after 1638.

PERSONS TRANSPORTED BY ADAM THOROWGOOD: "Capt Adam Thoroughgood, 5350 acs, lying Nly upon Chesopean Bay, to begin at the first Cr. of that river, running to a broad cr. that shooteth behind a long point of land Wly, into the maine land Ely, up the Riv. to a little island shooting into Chesopean Riv., E. upon the same, this land lying upon the west side & if in case these bounds or neck of land does not include the sd. 5350 acs, then he shall measure upon the first sd. Cr. soe farr as the remainder of his sd. acs. shall extend. Sd. land granteds at the especiall recommendation of him from their Lordshipps and other his Majesties most Honble. private Counsell to the Govr. & Counsell of State of Va. 24th of June 1635. Also due as followeth: 50 acs. for his personal adv. 50 acs for per adv of his wife Sarah Thorowgood & 5350 acs. for trans. of 105 persons. Trans. of himselfe, wife Sarah, and Thomas Thorowgood, Franceis Newton, James Leading, Stephen Bernard, Joh. Newarke, Edward Pitts, Rich. Jenerie, Wm. Edwards, Dennis Russell, John Bernards, Jon. Waters, Jos. Leake, Thomas Brooks, Jon. Moise, Jon. Penton, Edward Parish, Thomas Melton, Augustine Warner, Tho. Chandler, Andrew Chant, John Persie, Edward Wallis, Thomas Boulton, Robert Heasell, Richard Johnson, Margaret Bilbie, Jane Proseer, Jane Westerfield, Ann Spark, Susan Colson, in the "Hopewell" in 1629; John Harris, John Lock, Andrew Boyer, Thomas Boyer in the "True Love" in 1628; Thomas Keeling, Rachel Lane in the "Hopewell" 1628; William Hines, Edward Reynolds, Wm. Hookes, Edward Palmer, Edward Jones, John Dyer in the french ship in 1629, Victo Fraford, Casandra Underwood, Merciful Halley, Ann Long, Dorothy Wheeler, Ann Allerson, in the "Africa"; Eliz. Gosmore in the "Christpopher & Mary"; Franceis Bramly in the "Ark"; John Writt, Wm. Fawne, Wm. Was, George Mee, Gilbert Gye, John Enies, James Wilson, Daniel Hutton, Wm. Gastrock,Wm. Speed, Jon. Reynolds in the "Hopewell" in 1633; Jon. Wakefield, James Belly, Patrick Blacock, Stephen Swaine, John Cowes, Ann Boulton, in the "Bona Adventure" in 1634; Wm. Fletcher in "Middleton" in 1634; Robert Westwell in the "Merchants Hope" in 1634; Robert Spring in the "John & Dorothy"; Adam Thorowgood, Edward Windham, Cob. Howell, Tho. Creaser, Henry Hill, Roger Ward, Jon. Withers, Wm. Holton, Wm. Kempe, Humphrey Heyward, Jon. Alporte, Symond Stanfield, Robert Gainie, Thomas Smith, George Whitehead, Henry Franklin, Jon. Hill, Joseph Sedgewick, Arthur Eggleston, Richard Poole, Jon. Holton, Stephen Withers, Christ. Newgent, Jon. Brewton, Thomas Atmore, Mary Hill, Henry Wood in the "John & Dorothy" in 1634; Wm. Burroughs, Ann Burroughs, Ann Whitthorne, Eliza. Creaser, Eliza Curtisse, Mary Hill, Jr. Wm. Atkins." Thomas Marshall transported by Capt. Adam Thoroughgood 1635, county unknown; Thomas Keeling transported himself and Ann his wife on the "John & Dorothy" in 1634; Thomas Keeling came to the colony early transported by Adam Thorowgood on the "Hopewell" in 1628.


  • "Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 2, no. 4 (1895): 414-25. Accessed September 20, 2020.
  • “Ancestors of Adam Thorowgood” (Ancestors of Adam Thorowgood prepared by Vernon L. Skinner with references: "Harrison, Waples & Allied Families;" The Baltimore Sun, 21 July 1907, 28 July 1907, 13 October 1907, 20 October 1907, 31 October 1907, 3 November 1907; Parish Register, Felstead, County Essex, England; Harlaien Society, "Miscellaneous Essex Pedigrees;" Harlaien Society, "Visitation of Norfolk, 1664;" Harlaien Society, "Visitation of Hertfordshire;" "Norfolk Families")
  • *”Harrison, Waples and Allied Families: Being the Ancestry of George Leib ...”. By William Welsh Harrison. “Thoroughgood.” Page 130 - 134. GoogleBooks
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Capt. Adam Thoroughgood's Timeline

July 15, 1604
Grimston, Norfolk, England
Age 16
Came to Virginia from King Lynn, on "the Charles" (Hotten) as an indentured servant to Col. Edward Waters.
Age 16
Col. Edward Waters
October 30, 1630
Lower Norfolk, Virginia
Age 25
Elizabeth City, Virginia, Elizabeth City, Virginia, United States
Lynnhahen, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Elizabeth City County, Virginia Colony
Lynnhaven Parish, Lower Norfolk County (Present Princess Anne County), Virginia Colony
February 15, 1640
Age 35
Will was proved