Ceolwulf I, king of Mercia & Kent

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Birthplace: Mercia, England
Death: Mercia, England
Place of Burial: Winchcomb, Gloucestershire
Immediate Family:

Son of Cuthbeorht, king of Mercia
Father of Æflæda
Brother of Coenwulf I, King of Mercia and Cuthræd, of Mercia

Occupation: King of Mercia & Kent
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ceolwulf I, king of Mercia & Kent

}}] King Of Mercia\ Ceowulf I Of Mercia7,139,140,141 died in 823. Acceded 821, deposed by his own people.

Parents: CUTHA. Parents: Cuthbert OF MERCIA.

Children were: Elfleda MERCIA.


D: 0823


Acceded 821.

Ceolwulf I, King of Mercia (1)

M, #150365, d. after 823

Last Edited=27 Nov 2005

    Ceolwulf I, King of Mercia was the son of Cuthbeorht (?). (1) 

He died after 823. (1)

    Ceolwulf I, King of Mercia succeeded to the title of King Ceolwulf I of Mercia in 821. (1) He was deposed as King of Mercia in 823. (1)

Child of Ceolwulf I, King of Mercia

-1. Æflæd (?)+ (2)

Forrás / Source:


Ruled from December 796

Coenwulf dies in Basingwerk, while preparing for another assault on Powys , and is buried in Winchcombe Abbey. His son, Cenelm, is chosen to succeed him, but he is killed, probably fighting the Welsh (although his death is also attributed to the treachery of his jealous sister, Cwenthryth). He is also buried at Winchcombe Abbey and later revered as a saint. The Mercian throne passes to Coenwulf's brother, Ceolwulf. One Athelstan makes a push for the East Anglian throne, but is halted by Ceolwulf.

  • Ceolwulf I King of Mercia

born 0778 Mercia, England

died 0823 Mercia, England


  • Cuthbert of Mercia

born 0739 Mercia, England






  • Elfrid of Essex


  • Elfleda of Mercia born about 0792
  • Cynethrith (Quendrida) of Mercia

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%...

CENWULF 796-821, CEOLWULF I 821-823

Two brothers:

1. CENWULF (-Basingwerk, Flintshire 821, bur Winchcomb, Gloucestershire). He succeeded [his distant cousin] King Ecgfrith in 796 as CENWULF King of Mercia. Simeon of Durham records that "Coenuulf the father of St Kenelm" succeeded "Ecgfrith" as king of Mercia[658]. Kent revolted in 796, Eadberht "Præn" installing himself as king of Kent. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that King Cenwulf suppressed the rebellion vigorously, led Eadberht "Praen" bound back to Mercia[659], and appointed his younger brother Cuthred as under-king of Kent in 798. He failed to obtain papal support for establishing London as an archiepiscopal see. He revived Mercian expansion into Wales, killed Caradog ap Meirion King of Gwynedd in 798, and raided the district between Clwyd and the Elwy in 816 and Dyfed in 818-819. Eardwulf King of Northumbria invaded Mercia in 801, but peace was imposed following mediation of English bishops and nobles[660]. "Cenuulf rex merciorum" granted freedoms to Glastonbury Abbey by charter dated 797[661]. Mercian control over Kent, at least during the period 801-811, is demonstrated by "Coenuulfus rex Merciorum" making a joint grant of land in Kent with "Cuthredo fratre meo rege Cantuariorum" dated 801[662], "Coenulfi regis Merciorum" subscribing three charters of "Cuthredus rex Cantiæ" dated 805[663], and "Coenwulf rex Merciorum" granting land at Rochester, Kent to bishop Beornmod by charter dated 811 (subscribed by, among others, "Sigered rex", "Beornnoth dux" and "Eadberht dux", none of whom have been identified)[664]. A dispute with Wulfred Archbishop of Canterbury concerning the king's right to make certain religious appointments appears to have led to the former's suspension from office from 817 to 821[665]. [m firstly ---. The evident age difference between King Cenwulf's known children Cwenthryth and Cynehelm suggests that they were probably born from different marriages although this has not been corroborated from any primary source so far consulted.] m [secondly] ÆLTHRYTH, daughter of --- (-821 or after). "Æthrith/Ælbthryth regina" subscribed charters of King Cenwulf in 804 and 811, and "Eldredia regina" a charter dated 821[666]. King Cenwulf & his [first] wife had [two] children:

a) CWENTHRYTH . William of Malmesbury names "Quendrida" as the older sister of St Kenelm, whom his father had entrusted to this sister for his education[667]. Roger of Wendover names "Quendridam et Burgenildam" as the daughters of "Kenulfus…[et[ regina sua Alfritha"[668]. As pointed out above, the age difference between Cwenthryth and her brother Cynehelm suggests that they may not have shared the same mother. "Quoenthryth filia regis" subscribed a charter of "Coenwulf rex Merciorum" dated 811[669]. She was appointed Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet, by her father. William of Malmesbury states that she murdered her brother Cynehelm[670].

b) [BURGENILDA . Roger of Wendover names "Quendridam et Burgenildam" as the daughters of "Kenulfus…[et[ regina sua Alfritha"[671].

King Cenwulf & his [second] wife had [three] children:

c) CYNEHELM [Kenelme] ([806/11]-murdered [821/22], bur [Winchcombe, Gloucestershire]). He is named as son of King Cenwulf by William of Malmesbury[672]. "Cynehelm dux" subscribed the charter of "Coenwulf rex Merciorum" dated 811[673]. Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records that "his son Saint Kenelm, a boy then seven years old" succeeded "Kenulph…king of the Mercians" but was murdered "through the treachery of his sister Quendreda" within a few months of the death of his father and buried beside his father[674], although his age must be underestimated in this source if he is the same person who subscribed the 811 charter of King Cenwulf. His paternity is corroborated by "Kenelmus filius regis" subscribing a charter of "Kenulfus rex Merciorum" dated 821[675]. William of Malmesbury states that he was brought up by his sister Cwenthryth, but that she ordered his murder[676]. Goscelin of Saint-Bertin wrote his biography Vita S. Kenelmi in the mid-1060s[677].

d) [EADBERHT . "Eadberht dux" subscribed the charter of "Coenwulf rex Merciorum" dated 811, his name listed directly after "Cynehelm dux" and before "Cyneberht propinquo regis"[678], which suggests a closer relationship to the king than "propinquo", possibly a younger son.]

e) [EADBURGA. Asser records that Alfred's mother-in-law "Edburga of the royal line of Mercia…was a venerable lady and after the decease of her husband, she remained many years a widow, even till her own death"[679]. According to Weir[680], she was perhaps the daughter of Cenwulf King of Mercia but the basis for this speculation is not known. m ÆTHELRED "Mucil" Ealdorman of the Gainas [in Mercia].]


Ceonwulf, King of Mercia (1), (2)

M, #106459, d. 821

Last Edited=27 Nov 2005

    Ceonwulf, King of Mercia was the son of Cuthbeorht (?).3 He married Ælfthryth (?). (1) 

He died in 821. (4)

    Ceonwulf, King of Mercia succeeded to the title of King Ceonwulf of Mercia in December 796. (1)

Children of Ceonwulf, King of Mercia and Ælfthryth (?)

-1. Saint Ceonhelm (?) d. 821 (2)

-2. Cwenðryð (?) (2)

-3. Burgenhild (?) 2

Forrás / Source: He succeeded to the title of King Ceolwulf I of Mercia in 821. He was deposed as King of Mercia in 823.

Citations: John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 65.

Ceolwulf I was King of Mercia, East Anglia and Kent, from 821 to 823. He was the brother of Cœnwulf, his predecessor, and was deposed by Beornwulf.

William of Malmesbury declared that, after Coenwulf: “the kingdom of the Mercians declining, and if I may use the expression, nearly lifeless, produced nothing worthy of historical commemoration.” Actually, Mercia did have a moment of glory that William was unaware of. Indicating the year 822, the ‘Annales Cambriae’ states: “The fortress of Degannwy (in Gwynedd) is destroyed by the Saxons and they took the kingdom of Powys into their own control.”

A later charter depicts a disturbed state of affairs during Ceolwulf's reign: “After the death of Coenwulf, king of the Mercians, many disagreements and innumerable disputes arose among leading persons of every kind – kings, bishops, and ministers of the churches of God – concerning all manner of secular affairs”. In 823, sometime after 26th May, on which date he granted land to Archbishop Wulfred in exchange for a gold and silver vessel, Ceolwulf was overthrown. His replacement was one Beornwulf, whose pedigree is not known.

Ceolwulf had ruled Kent directly – in his two charters, he is styled as ‘king of the Mercians and of the men of Kent'. Beornwulf would place a kinsman, Baldred, on the Kentish throne

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