Christopher "Christy" Mathewson

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Christopher Mathewson

Also Known As: "Christy"
Birthdate: (45)
Birthplace: Factoryville, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania, United States
Death: Died in Saranac Lake, Franklin County, New York, United States
Cause of death: tuberculosis
Immediate Family:

Son of Gilbert Bailey Mathewson and Minerva Isabella Mathewson
Husband of Jane S Mathewson
Father of Christopher Mathewson
Brother of Edith Christine Mathewson; Henry Wellington Mathewson; Jane Janet Mathewson; Nicholas Mathewson and Cyrill Matthewson

Occupation: Hall of Fame Baseball Pitcher, Professional Baseball Pitcher
Managed by: Dina Genella
Last Updated:

About Christopher "Christy" Mathewson

Christopher "Christy" Mathewson (August 12, 1880 – October 7, 1925), nicknamed "Big Six", "The Christian Gentleman", "Matty", or "The Gentleman's Hurler" was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher who played 17 seasons with the New York Giants. He was among the most dominant pitchers of his (or any) era and ranks in the all-time top-10 in major pitching categories including wins, shutouts, and ERA. In fact, he is the only pitcher in MLB history to rank in the top ten both in career wins and in career ERA. In 1936, Mathewson was posthumously elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of its "first five" inaugural members.

Mathewson grew up in Factoryville, Pennsylvania, and began playing semiprofessional baseball when he was 14 years old. He played in the minor leagues in 1899 with a pitching record of 21 wins and two losses. He then started an unsuccessful tenure with the New York Giants the next season but was sent back to the minors. Mathewson would eventually return to the Giants and go on to win 373 games in his career, a National League record. In the 1905 World Series, he pitched three shutouts, leading to a Giants victory. Mathewson never pitched on Sundays owing to his Christian beliefs, contributing to his nickname. The pitcher also played professional football for the Pittsburgh Stars for a short period of time before quitting. Mathewson served in the United States Army's Chemical Warfare Service in World War I, and was accidentally exposed to chemical weapons during training; his respiratory system weakened from the exposure, he contracted tuberculosis and subsequently died of the disease in Saranac Lake, New York in 1925.

Mathewson, Christopher (“Christy,” “Matty,” and “Big Six”)

Born: August 12, 1880, in Factoryville, Pennsylvania

Died: October 7, 1925, in Saranac Lake, New York

Vocations: Professional Baseball Player, Author, Professional Baseball Coach

Geographic Connection to Pennsylvania: Factoryville, Wyoming County; Lewisburg, Union County

Keywords: Bucknell University; Major League Baseball; National Baseball Hall of Fame; New York Giants; Saranac Lake; tuberculosis; US Army

Abstract: Christopher Mathewson was born August 12, 1880, in Factoryville Pennsylvania. He attended Bucknell University and followed his collegiate career by becoming a professional baseball player. He played for the New York Giants for 16 years and then played and coached for the Cincinnati Reds for one year. After leaving baseball he enlisted in the army where he would encounter hazardous materials and develop tuberculosis. After his return from the military, he went back to baseball and coached the New York Giants from 1919-1920. He then moved to Saranac Lake, New York where he passed away in 1925.


Christopher Mathewson was born on August 12, 1880, in Factoryville, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Gilbert B. Mathewson and Minerva J. Capwell. As a child growing up, he attended Keystone Preparatory Academy and then went on to attend Bucknell University in 1898. While he was enrolled at Bucknell University, he was class president and an outstanding baseball player, as well as a talented football and basketball player. After his schooling was complete, Christy earned his first job as a professional baseball player. The first team that he played for was located in Taunton, Massachusetts. During his early years when he was playing baseball for many clubs, Christy Mathewson married Jan Stoughton and the couple had one son named Christopher Mathewson Jr.

After two years of traveling between ball clubs, Christopher Mathewson made his Major League debut in 1900 as a right-handed pitcher with the New York Giants. He was a successful pitcher and many of his achievements were accredited to the pitch he made famous, the “fade-away.” The “fade-away” was described by other players as a pitch that seemed to be coming down the middle of the plate and that at the last second breaking in on right handers, causing the opposing batters to misinterpret their swing. During his career in the majors, he achieved a record of 373-188 and appeared in four World Series, winning one. He holds the modern day record for most wins in a season at 37 and he also holds the record of three shutouts in the World Series over a five-day period. According to his former manager John McGraw, “Christy was the greatest pitcher to ever play the game.” Christy Mathewson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936 along with Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Walter Johnson, and Honus Wagner. This group was the inaugural class of baseball players inducted into the Hall of Fame and were given the name the “Five Immortals” by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America.

As Christy began to close in on the end of his baseball career, he began a new endeavor in his life as an author. He wrote books on baseball and some of them were autobiographical in nature. For instance, one book by Mathewson, Pitching in a Pinch, gave a detailed description of his experience and views of pitching in the major leagues. He also focused some of his works on children’s stories. His best known children’s works were called the “Matty Books” and comprised of four books. One of the books was entitled First Base Faulkner and tells a tale of a boy joining a baseball team and winning a game by turning an unassisted double play.

After 16 seasons with the New York Giants, the coach of the Giants, John McGraw, traded Christy to the Cincinnati Reds so that he could coach as well as play in the majors. In 1918, one year removed from baseball, Christy enlisted in the army where he served and was captain of the Gas and Flame Division in France. During his time in the army he was exposed to poisonous gas and was forced to leave the military. When returning home from his service, he was diagnosed with tuberculosis. This disease would continue to affect him until his death, but he returned to baseball as a manager in 1919. He coached the Giants until 1920 and then settled in Saranac Lake, New York to recover from his tuberculosis. Mr. Mathewson died October 7, 1925, in Saranac Lake, New York.



   * Pitching in a Pinch. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1912.
   * The Battle of Base-Ball. Toronto: Bell and Cockburn, 1912.

Short Story Collections:

   * Pitcher Pollock. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1914.
   * Catcher Craig. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1915.
   * Won in the Ninth. New York: New York Book Co., 1916.
   * First Base Faulkner. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1916.
   * Second Base Sloan. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1917.


   * “Christy Mathewson.” 24 Feb. 2007. < ballplayers/M/Mathewson_Christy.stm>.
   * “Christy Mathewson.” Historic Baseball. 24 Feb. 2007. <>.
   * “Christy Mathewson.” National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. 24 Feb. 2007. < hofers_and_honorees/hofer_bios/mathewson_christy.htm>.
   * Hartley, Michael. Christy Mathewson: A Biography. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2004.
   * Heaphy, Leslie. “Mathewson, Christy.” American National Biography Online. Feb. 2000. American Council of Learned Societies. 24 Feb. 2007. <>.
   * Seib, Philip M. The Player: Christy Mathewson, Baseball, and the American Century. New York: Thunder Mouth Press, 2003.

This biography was prepared by Clint Neidig.

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Christopher "Christy" Mathewson's Timeline

August 12, 1880
Factoryville, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 26
New York, NY, USA
October 7, 1925
Age 45
Saranac Lake, Franklin County, New York, United States