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Clara Amozeg (Koriat)

Hebrew: (קוריאט) אמוזג קלרה
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Fes, Wilaya de Fes, Fes-Boulemane, Morocco
Death: circa 1827 (22-39)
Livorno, Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italy
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Abraham Raphael Coriat, Chief Rabbi of Essaouira (Mogador) and ? Coriat
Wife of Abraham Amozeg
Mother of Elijah ben Abraham Benamozegh
Sister of Yehudah Coriat, Rabbi of Elijah Benamozegh and Abraham Coriat

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Clara Amozeg

The Coriat were a family of scholars in Morocco that probably originated in Coria, Spain. The first known member was Abraham Coriat, rabbi in Marrakesh in the fifteenth century. Isaac (ca. 1580), probably his son, was a kabbalist, dayyan, and head of the Jewish community in Marrakesh.

Isaac’s son, Abraham II, was nominated as rabbi in Tetuan. Abraham II’s son Judah (d. 1788) was a dayyan, and the author of many works, some of which published by his descendants in Tofaḥ Saviv, a collection of rabbinical decisions, and Nofesh Sapir (Pisa, 1812). Judah’s son Isaac (d. 1805), who settled in Jerusalem (ca. 1790), wrote many commentaries, among them Ma‘ase Roqem, a commentary on tractate Kiddushin of the Talmud, and Paḥad Yiṣḥaq, a commentary on Baba Meṣi‘a, entitled Ma‘ase Nissim. Judah’s second son, Raphael Abraham, a rabbi and kabbalist (d. 1806), became the chief rabbi of Essaouira (Mogador) (ca. 1788). Later he was nominated in Gibraltar and Livorno (Leghorn).

His most famous work was Zekhut ’Avot (Pisa, 1812) on the religious customs of the Jews of Morocco. His son, Rabbi Judah II, a kabbalist, lived in Essaouira and wrote Ma’or va-Shemesh (Livorno, 1839), a collection of extracts from various kabbalistic works. Judah II’s son Rabbi Abraham III (d. 1845) was a kabbalist and dayyan in Essaouira. He wrote liturgical poetry (Heb. piyyuṭim), much of which was destroyed during the bombardment of the port of Essaouira by the French in 1844. His most famous work was Berit Avot (Livorno, 1848), sermons and responsa. His son Isaac (d. 1905) married Rachel Corcos (see Corcos Family) and was also a scholar. He authored Naḥalat Avot, a book on religious questions, practices, and customs of the Essaouira community. He was, in addition, a merchant and philanthropist who built the Coriat Synagogue and the wall around the cemetery. Isaac was the last rabbi from this dynasty. His son Nissim, an influential and respected merchant, was the Dutch consul in Marrakesh. Another Isaac Coriat (d. 1890), from the Tetuan branch of the family, settled in Essaouira at the request of the sultan and contributed largely to public welfare.

By Sidney Corcos

Bibliography

Laredo, Abraham I. Les noms des Juifs du Maroc: Essai d’Onomastique judeo-marocaine (Madrid: Consejo superior de investigaciones cientificas instituto B. Arias Montano, 1978).

Ben-Naim, Joseph. Malkhe Rabanan (Jerusalem: Bi-Defus ha-Ma‘arav, 1930).

Toledano, Jacob Moses. Ner ha-Ma‘arav (Jerusalem: Lunz, 1911).

Toledano, Joseph. La saga des familles Les Juifs du Maroc et leurs noms (Tel Aviv: Éditions Stavit, 1983).

Zafrani, Haïm. Études et recherches sur la vie intellectuelle juive au Maroc de la fin du 15e au début du 20e siècle, vol. 1, Pensée juridique et environnement social, économique et religieux (Paris: Geuthner, 1972).

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Clara Amozeg's Timeline

1796
1796
Fes, Wilaya de Fes, Fes-Boulemane, Morocco
1823
April 24, 1823
Essaouira, Essaouira, Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz, Morocco
1827
1827
Age 31
Livorno, Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italy