Colonel Ebenezer Allen

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Col. Ebenezer Allen

Birthdate: (62)
Birthplace: Northampton, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States
Death: March 6, 1806 (62)
Burlington, Chittenden County, Vermont, United States
Place of Burial: Burlington, Chittenden County, Vermont, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Allen, III and Hannah Allen (Miller)
Husband of Lydia Allen (Richards)
Father of Lydia Martin (Allen); Col Timothy Allen; Eunice Luther (Allen); Amy Boardman (Allen); Charlotte E Barnes (Allen) and 6 others
Brother of Waite Rice (Allen); Noah Allen; Jemima Ward (Allen); Samuel Allen; Waite Allen and 4 others

Occupation: Tavern owner
Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:

About Colonel Ebenezer Allen

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VERMONT with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A001502


There are four issues between the Wiki article and the find a Grave site on the children;

Noted in Bold below. The dates of Birth and death are not matching up correctly in the children.

Ebenezer Allen (1743–1806) was an American soldier, pioneer, and member of the Vermont General Assembly. He was born in Northampton, Massachusetts on 17 October 1743. His parents were Samuel Allen (1706–1755) and Hannah Miller (1707–1755).

Allen married Lydia Richards (1746–1833) in 1762 in New Marlborough, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of Zebulon Richards and Lydia Brown.

Along with Thomas Ashley, Allen was a founder of Poultney, Vermont. Allen and Ashley (both had married daughters of Zebulon Richards) arrived at the site of the town along the Poultney River on 15 April 1771. Allen brought his family with him on the journey. Ashley traveled alone, building a shanty and planting corn before bringing his family to the wilderness.

Poultney was a patriotic village. All of its residents (except one)supported the American Revolution and most males served in the revolutionary army at various times during the war.

Allen became a Lieutenant in a company of Green Mountain Boys, was with Ethan Allen when Ft. Ticonderoga was captured from the British, and with Colonel Warner in Canada. He was appointed a captain in Colonel Herrick's battalion of rangers in July 1777, and distinguished himself at the battle of Bennington. In September of the same year he captured Mt. Defiance by assault, and on the retreat of the enemy from Fort Ticonderoga made fifty of them prisoners. Subsequently he was made major in the rangers, and showed himself a brave partisan leader. In his later life he was always referred to as Col. Allen.

Allen occupied many positions of civil authority in Vermont. He was a Justice of the Peace, served on many town committees, and was a representative to the Vermont General Assembly from 1788-1792. He was prominent in the planning of a new government for Vermont, helping to frame its constitution.

Allen was one of the original grantees of South Hero, Vermont by an act of the legislature in 1779. He left Poultney with his family for South Hero, Vermont where he once again was the first pioneer in a wilderness—tradition states that he arrived on 25 August 1783, however he may have arrived as early as 1779. In 1787 he enlarged his house and operated a public house on the island. He held many public offices and was a representative to the Vermont General Assembly from 1788 - 1792. His cousin, Ethan Allen, spent the last night of his life at his house in South Hero. Ebenezer removed from South Hero to Burlington, Vermont in 1800 and operated a tavern there until his death in 1806.

Allen was known as a man of strong convictions—whether political, moral or religious. He was opposed to slavery. On 27 November 1777, he granted freedom to two slaves stating: "I being conscientious that it is not right in the sight of God to keep slaves, give them their freedom."

In 1792 Allen toured the unsettled portions of Ohio, Michigan and Upper Canada with a group of Indians for a year. In 1795, Allen was part of a partnership with Charles Whitney, also of Vermont, Robert Randal, of Philadelphia and several British subjects in Detroit including John Askin and William Robertson, which planned to buy the entire lower Michigan peninsula from the United States government for $500,000. A stock company was established, and two of Allen's eastern partners promised members of Congress either stock or cash for their support in the purchase. This clumsy scheme was exposed, and the partner's plans evaporated.


Allen was born in Northampton, Massachusetts on 17 October 1743. His parents were Samuel Allen (1706–1755) and Hannah Miller (1707–1755). Allen married Lydia Richards (1746–1833) in 1762 in New Marlborough, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of Zebulon Richards and Lydia Brown.

1. Abiel Allen (1763 in Poultney - 1765 in New Marlborough, MA)

2. Timothy Allen (1765 in Poultney - 1850 in South Hero)

3. Mary Allen (1766 in Vermont - ? in Vermont)

4. Lydia Allen (1768 in Poultney - 1800 in ?)

5. Ebenezer Allen Jr. (1771 in South Hero - July 2,1844 in LaPorte, Indiana)

6. Amy Allen (1775 in Poultney - April 30,1822 in South Hero)

7. Charlotte Allen (1777 in South Hero - September 13,1813 in South Hero)

8. Eunice Allen (April 7,1779 in Tinmouth - Jan. 24,1852 in Rome, Michigan)


See Wiki Biography

See DAR Listing

COLONEL EBENEZER ALLEN (1743-1806) was born in Northampton. He mar-ried Lydia Richards in 1762 in Berkshire, Massachusetts. They had ten children during their marriage. The Colonel is not only noted for being a cousin of Ethan Allen, but for freeing the slaves on a captured English ship during the war. (See pictures in Media) In the 1790 census the family lived in South Hero, Chittenden, Vermont, and in 1800 they were recorded as living in Middle Hero. Colonel Ebenezer Allen died on March 26, 1806, in Burlington, Vermont, at the age of 62, and was bur-ied at the Elmwood Cemetery in Burlington.

Inscription on Vermont Historic Monument

As indicated on the sign, Ebenezer's tavern was 3.5 miles south of this spot, at what is known today as Allen's Point. Ethan Allen spent his last night on earth in South Hero. In the tavern of his distant cousin, Ebenezer Allen (a figure of note in his own right) located at the very southernmost tip of the island, the storied hero of the revolution whiled away the evening of February 11, 1789. Legend has it his last night was spent reminiscing with a group of former Green Mt. Boys. It was on the trip home that Col. Ethan Allen died, crossing the frozen lake on his hay wagon.

Rutland Vermont Post Office Mural

(See Media for picture) The freeing of the first slave in Vermont by Capt. Ebenezer Allen of Bennington on November 28, 1777 is portrayed on the large panel. Dina Mattis and small child were aboard a British baggage train captured by Allen after the rout of General Burgoyne. Upon Allen's return to Bennington he issued an official certificate of emancipation and gave the slaves their freedom, this being prior to the adoption of the Vermont Constitution forbidding slavery.Images courtesy of the USPS Photographs taken by William Kolodrubetz

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Colonel Ebenezer Allen's Timeline

October 17, 1743
Northampton, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States
August 23, 1763
Age 19
Poultney, Rutland, Vermont, USA
Age 19
New Marlborough, Berkshire, Massachusetts, USA
Age 21
Poultney, Rutland, Vermont, USA
Age 23
Age 27
South Hero, Grand Isle, Vermont, USA
Age 30
Blenheim, Ontario, Canada
Age 31
Poultney, Rutland, Vermont, USA
Age 31