Colonel Nicholas Greenberry, 4th Royal Governor of Maryland

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Colonel Nicholas Greenberry, 4th Royal Governor of Maryland's Geni Profile

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Nicholas Greenberry

Birthdate: (70)
Birthplace: Irnham, Lincolnshire, England
Death: December 17, 1697 (70)
Whitehall, his plantation, Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland
Place of Burial: Greenberry Point, Anne Arundel, MD
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicholas Greenberry and Katherine Haukins
Husband of Anne Pierpont and Anne Greenberry
Father of Charles Greenberry; Katherine Howard; Anne Hammond; Elizabeth Goldsborough and Nicholas Greenberry

Managed by: Leah Jordan Stratman
Last Updated:

About Colonel Nicholas Greenberry, 4th Royal Governor of Maryland

Colonel Nicholas Greenberry (December 1627 – December 17, 1697) was the 4th Royal Governor of Maryland, and Commander of the Military Forces of Anne Arundel and Baltimore Counties. Notice date of birth does not match that on profile. Nicholas Greenberry was born in England. He married to Anne, her maiden name being unknown, in England about 1670. Little is known of Greenberry's life in England, except that he was a highly educated person with military experience. He may have been the Nicholas Greenberry baptized 15 December 1640 at Irnham, Lincolnshire, but that remains unproven.

Nicholas and Anne Greenberry had four children: Charles, born 9 February 1672 in England; died 1713 in Anne Arundel County; Katherine, born c. 1674 in England; Anne, born c. 1676 in Anne Arundel County; and Elizabeth, born 23 September 1678 in Anne Arundel County. Notice a fifth child, Nicholas, is on the profile.

Greenberry arrived at Patuxent, in the Maryland Colony, aboard the sailing ship Constant Friendship in 1674. On 9 July 1674, Capt. William Wheatly, master, claimed rights due for transportation of 43 passengers on board, including "Mr Greenberry his wife & two Children.

According to Maryland Land Warrants, Annapolis Land Office, Liber 15, folio 837, Greenberry was granted a warrant for 350 acres (1.4 km2) of land located in "Providence" (now Annapolis) on July 29, 1674.

Later, in 1680, Nicholas bought another tract of land near "Providence" called "Fuller" from Colonel William Fuller. This land was resurveyed and renamed "Greenberry Forest". Greenberry called the home "Whitehall", a name it retains to this day. In later years, this home became the residence of Horatio Sharpe, governor of the Maryland Colony. Sharpe had a Georgian mansion built on the site.

In 1685, Colonel Nicholas Greenberry bought 250 acres (1 km²) of land called "Towne Neck". This is located at the mouth of the Severn River and became known as "Greenberry Point". The colony's Deputy Governor, Governor Notley, was forced from office for hanging two Protestants for rebellion against authority. He was replaced by a Committee of twenty citizens. Greenberry was one of the gentlemen justices chosen as a member of that committee.

On July 27, 1689, the Protestant Association, under John Coode, seized St. Marys, the capital of the colony, in a revolt against the proprietary government. This same year, Nicholas was captain of foot in the Anne Arundel County Militia. He was promoted to Major in 1690. He then quickly received a commission of Colonel, and was appointed Commander of the Military Forces of Anne Arundel and Baltimore Counties.

The proprietaryship was disallowed[by whom?] on 27 June 1691. Sir Lionel Copley took the office as governor, and quickly appointed Greenberry as a member of the council. Copley died in September 1693, at which time Greenberry was appointed by Sir Edmund Andros, Governor of Virginia, as President of the Council, Acting Governor of Maryland, and Keeper of the Great Seal of Maryland. Greenberry served in this capacity until he was replaced on 26 July 1694 by Francis Nicholson by a commission from the King dated in February 169/4.

Nicholas Greenberry died at the age of 70 on 17 December 1697 at "Whitehall". His wife Anne died 27 April 1698 at the age of 50. Both are buried in St. Anne's Episcopal Church Cemetery, Annapolis, Maryland.


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Colonel Nicholas Greenberry, 4th Royal Governor of Maryland's Timeline

December 1627
Irnham, Lincolnshire, England
Age 40
England, Hertfordshire, , England
Age 42
Anne Arundel County, Province of Maryland, (Present USA)
July 9, 1674
Age 46
Anne Arundel County, MD
Age 48
Anne Arundel, MD, USA
September 25, 1678
Age 50
Anne Arundel, MD, USA
Age 52
Anne Arundel, Maryland
December 17, 1697
Age 70
Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland
Age 69
Greenberry Point, Anne Arundel, MD