Dr. Joseph Jakob Goldmark

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Dr. Joseph Jakob Goldmark

Birthplace: Krzyż Wielkopolski, Czarnków-Trzcianka County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Death: Died in New York, New York County, New York, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Ruben Goldmark and Edelise Goldmark
Husband of Regine Rozine Goldmark
Father of Alice Brandeis; Christine Openhym; Charles Joseph Goldmark; Pauline Dorothea Goldmark; Henry Goldmark and 5 others
Half brother of Karl Carl Goldmark; Johanna Friedmann; Rozalia Goldmark; Leo Goldmark; Anna Nagy (Gross) and 5 others

Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:

About Dr. Joseph Jakob Goldmark

Studied as a physician in Vienna. Accomplished as a chemist, discoverer of red phosphorus. Took part in the 1848 Vienna revolution, and forced to flee to America in 1849. Participated in civil war. 1880 - manufacturer of percussion caps


Joseph Jacob Goldmark (August 15, 1819 – April 18, 1881) was an Hungarian American physician and chemist, credited with the discovery of red phosphorus.[1]

Born in Kreuz, a small town in Congress Poland, Goldmark entered the University of Vienna at age 16, studying medicine.[2] He developed an interest in chemistry under the influence of Anton Schrötter von Kristelli. Both are credited with the discovery of red phosphorus, which Goldmark presented to the Convention of Hungarian Physicians and Naturalists.

A revolutionist in his youth, Goldmark took part as a leader in the Revolution of 1848, along with Adolf Fischhof, fighting for Jewish emancipation.[3] When the revolution was stamped down, Goldmark was sentenced to death but managed to escape to the United States and settle in New York City.[4] While developing the Brooklyn factory of Goldmark and Conried, he continued to be active in politics during the rest of his life. He amassed a great deal of property to leave to his large family, which included daughters Helen (wife of Felix Adler), Pauline, and Alice (wife of Louis Brandeis),[5][6] and Josephine.

Goldmark's brother Karl Goldmark was a composer and music teacher in Vienna.

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Dr. Joseph Jakob Goldmark's Timeline

August 15, 1819
Krzyż Wielkopolski, Czarnków-Trzcianka County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Age 37
Age 41
Age 42
Age 44
Age 45
April 1866
Age 46
Brooklyn, NY, USA
September 23, 1867
Age 48
Brooklyn, Kings, NY, USA
Age 54
Brooklyn, NY