Eleanor de Clare, suo jure 6th Lady of Glamorgan

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About Eleanor de Clare, suo jure 6th Lady of Glamorgan

Eleanor de Clare, suo jure 6th Lady of Glamorgan (3 October 1292 – 30 June 1337) was a powerful Anglo-Welsh noblewoman who married Hugh Despenser the Younger and was a granddaughter of Edward I of England.[2][3] She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly in Glamorgan, Wales. She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England. With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare, she inherited her father's estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314.

Heiress sisters


In 1317, twenty-two years after their father’s death, ten after their mother’s, the Clare inheritance was finally equally partitioned between Elizabeth the youngest daughter, who by then was married to Roger d’Amory, and her two sisters, Eleanor wife to Hugh Despenser the Younger and Margaret widow of Piers Gaveston, wife to Hugh de Audley. The total valuation of the inheritance just over £6,500.



Spouse(s) 1) Hugh le Despenser the Younger ​(m. 1306)​ 2) William la Zouche ​(m. 1329)​


  1. Hugh le Despenser, Baron le Despenser
  2. Edward le Despenser
  3. Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel
  4. Joan le Despenser
  5. Gilbert le Despenser
  6. John le Despenser
  7. Eleanor le Despenser
  8. Margaret le Despenser
  9. Elizabeth le Despenser, Baroness Berkeley
  10. William la Zouche

From < Hidden historical heroines (#14: Eleanor de Clare) > POSTED ON NOVEMBER 26, 2012

Legend holds Eleanor as the most beautiful and accomplished de Clare girl, the one most like her royal mother. As the eldest, she was married first; in 1306, when she was just thirteen, she was given to the son and heir of the Despenser family, ignominiously in lieu of a debt of money owed by Edward I to Hugh Despenser the Elder. Although the Depensers were an old and noble house, they had no titles or land; to have the opportunity to unite their bloodline with that of the king was a great prize indeed, even though Eleanor de Clare didn’t have any titles or lands either.

Eleanor presumably rests in the traditional resting place of the de Clares, Tewkesbury Abbey, which she and Hugh had financially aided during their height. If you ever chance to visit, take a look at the stained glass window above the choir, which shows both Hugh Despenser and William de la Zouche (as well as some of Eleanor’s de Clare ancestors). In the corner of the eastern-most window there is a naked woman, on her knees, praying; traditionally, this is held to be a portrait of Eleanor herself.









Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 243. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 130.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 83. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1385. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 3, page 4289.

[S106] Royal Genealogies Website (ROYAL92.GED), online ftp://ftp.cac.psu.edu/genealogy/public_html/royal/index.html. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogies Website.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 2 p. 486-487.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 67.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 1 p. 203-204, vol. 2 p. 270.

[S35] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 2 p. 219.

[S58] English Ancestry of Anne Marbury Hutchinson, Colket, Meredith B., Jr., (The Magee Press, Philadelphia, 1986.), 929.242 H971c., p. 38.

[S59] #765 The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley in the County of Norfolk: Evidences and Topographical Notes from Public Records, Heralds Visitations, Wills, Court Rolls (1877-1879), Carthew, George Alfred, (3 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1877-79 (Norwich: Miller and Leavins)), FHL book 942.61 H2c; FHL microfilm 990,425 item 1., vol. 1 p. 85.

[S67] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 1 p. 39.

[S73] #542 Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire (1874), Foster, Joseph, (2 volumes in 12. London: W. Wilfred Head, 1874), FHL book Q 942.74 D2f; FHL microfilm 924,024., p. 21.

[S79] William and Mary College quarterly historical magazine, (Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 1892) - v. 27, no. 4 (Apr. 1919) ; 2nd ser. v. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1921) - v. 23, no. 4 (Oct. 1943) Richmond [Virginia] : Whittet & Shepperson, [1892]-1943), FHL microfilm 1254., vol. 16 ser. 2 p. 315.

[S80] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 171.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 182.

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 6 p. 502.

[S183] #1016 [1887 edition] The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families: Together with Their Paternal Ancestry, Foster, Joseph, (2 volumes. [S.l.: s.n., 1985?]), FHL book 942 D5f 1887., vol. 1 p. 144.

[S190] #11050 The English ancestry of Peter Bulkeley, Grace Chetwood, and Sarah Chauncy : a compilation of ancestral tables, Ayers, Frank Wayne, (Walnut Creek, California : F.W. Ayers, c1988), 929.242 B872a., p. 289.

[S207] #235 The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham (1847), Lipscomb, George, (Four volumes. London: J. & W. Robins, 1847), FHL book Q 942.575 H2Li; FHL microfilms 990,261-99., vol. 1 p. 201.

[S333] #773 The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private (1811), Blore, Thomas, (Stanford: R. Newcomb, [1811]), FHL book 942.545 H2b (British X Large Folio)., p. 19.

[S547] #1848 The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619 (1877), Camden, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 12. London: [Harleian Society], 1877), FHL book 942 B4h volume 12; FHL microfilm 162,048 ., p. 283.

[S650] The Victoria history of the county of Rutland, Page, William, (London : A. Constable, 1908-1975 Folkestone, Kent : William Dawson & Sons), Large Q book 942 H2vr., vol. 2 p. 270.

[S844] #1661 The Victoria history of the county of Surrey, Malden, Henry Elliot, (London : A. Constable, 1902-1912), FHL BRITISH Large Q Book 942 H2vsur., vol. 4 p. 247.

[S952] Glamorgan County history, Williams, Glanmor, General Editor, (Cardiff : William Lewis, 1936-1988), 942.97 H2g., vol. 3 p. 174.

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Eleanor de Clare, suo jure 6th Lady of Glamorgan's Timeline

October 3, 1292
Caerphilly Castle, Caerphilly, Glamorganshire, Wales (United Kingdom)
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
Mowbray, Leicestershire, England (United Kingdom)
Stoke, Gloucestershire, , England
Buckland, Buckingham, England
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
Stoke, Gloucestershire, England