Elena Dalí {Éluard}

Port Lligat, Girona, CT, Spain

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Elena Dalí {Éluard} (Diakonova)

Russian: Елена Ивановна Дали (Делувинова-Дьяконова)
Also Known As: "Gala"
Birthplace: Kasan, Russian Empire
Death: June 10, 1982 (87)
s/n Gala Dali, Púbol, Girona, CT, 17120, Spain (Influenza)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Dimitri Gomberg and Antonina Gomberg {Diakonova}
Wife of Salvador Dalí
Ex-wife of Paul Éluard
Mother of Cecile Éluard
Sister of Vadim Gomberg; Nikolay Gomberg and Lidia Heiroth
Half sister of Вячеслав Юрьевич Малиновский

Occupation: Author
Managed by: Luis E. Echeverría Domínguez, ...
Last Updated:

About Elena Dalí {Éluard}

"I name my wife: Gala, Galushka, Gradiva; Oliva, for the oval shape of her face and the colour of her skin; Oliveta, diminutive for Olive; and its delirious derivatives Oliueta, Oriueta, Buribeta, Buriueteta, Suliueta, Solibubuleta, Oliburibuleta, Ciueta, Liueta. I also call her Lionette, because when she gets angry she roars like the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer lion"

Gala (Kazan, Russia, 1894 - Portlligat, Girona, 1982)

Salvador Dalí's wife and muse, whose real name was Elena Ivanovna Diakonova was a mysterious and highly intuitive woman, which was able to recognise artistic and creative genius when she saw it, and had relations with a number of intellectuals and artists.

Nevertheless, the truth iss that very little is known about herpersonality: she had two older brothers, Vadim and Nicolai, a younger sister, Lidia; she spent her childhood in Moscowand her father died when she was eleven years old. Her mother remarried later to a lawyer, with whom Gala related very well and thanks to whom she managed to acquire a good education. She was a brilliant student, completing her studies at the M.G. Brukhonenko academy for young ladies with a very high average mark; a degree from the tsar authorised her to become a primary school teacher and to give lessons in people's homes. In 1912 she suffered a worsening of the tuberculosis that had afflicted her for some time, and her family decided to move her intothe Clavadel sanatorium in Switzerland, where she met Eugène Grindel (later to be known as Paul Eluard). Their similar ages and love for reading made them become good friends. Both were discharged from the sanatorium in 1914.Gala returned to Russia and Eluard went to the war front, but the couple proposed to each other before that.

They married in 1917, and the following year was born the girl that was to be Gala's only daughter, Cécile. Eluard, who had already been revealed as poet and had changed his surname, had close relationships with the leading figures of the surrealist movementand in particularl with the creators of the Littérature magazine: André Breton, Philippe Soupault and Louis Aragon. Gala also attended some of their meetings. In 1922 she started a relationship with Max Ernst but they broke up in 1924. Max Ernst painted her in a number of portraits. Also noteworthy was her friendship with the poet René Char, and particularly with René Crevel.

It was in 1929 when she first met Salvador Dalí. In April of that year Dalí went to Paris to present the film that he had created with Luis Buñuel, Un chien andalou, and it was there where Camille Goemans, a Belgian poet and gallery owner, introduced Dalí to Paul Eluard. Dalí invited them to spend the summer in Cadaqués. Goemans and a friend of his, as well as René Magritte and his wife, and Luis Buñuel, Paul Eluard and Gala, and the couple's daughter Cécile, all spent some time there. When the painter met Gala it was love at first sight. In his Secret Life, he wrote: "She was destined to be my Gradiva (the name comes from the title of a novel by W. Jensen, the main character of which was Sigmund Freud; Gradiva was the book's heroine and it was her who brought psychological healing to the main character), the one who moves forward, my victory, my wife". And Gala was indeed to remain forever at the painter's side, so that from that time on her biography was linked with that of Dalí.

In 1948, Dalí and Gala returned from the United States after eight years of exile there. Dalí had achieved recognition in his own country, and his father had come to accept his son's relationship with a divorced Russian woman. From that time onwards, the Dalís would spend the spring and summer in Portlligat and the autumn and winter between New York and Paris.

In 1958 Dalí and Gala got married at the Àngels chapel, near Girona. In 1968 the painter bought Gala a castle in Púbol, Girona, and it was agreed that the painter could not go there without her prior permission . Between 1971 and 1980, Gala would spend some time at her castle, always during summer. It was there that Gala was buried, after she died in 1982. Since 1996 the castle has been open to the public as the Gala-Dalí Castle House Museum in Púbol.

О Елене Ивановне Дали (русский)

Га́ла или Гала́ [%D0%BA 1], настоящее имя Еле́на Ива́новна (Димитриевна) Дья́конова (26 августа [7 сентября] 1894, Казань — 10 июня 1982, Порт-Льигат, Кадакес, Испания) — жена Поля Элюара, любовница Макса Эрнста, позднее жена, муза и модель Сальвадора Дали. Фигурирует на некоторых его полотнах как Градива.

Как сообщает французский писатель Доминик Бона, Елена родилась в Казани в 1894 году. Её отец Иван Дьяконов был скромным чиновником, скончавшимся в 1905 году. Мать, Антонина Деулина, вторично вышла замуж за адвоката Димитрия Ильича Гомберга. Елена называла последнего своим отцом и взяла себе отчество по его имени. После 1905 года семья переехала в Москву

Дмитрий Гомберг и Антонина Дьяконова (Деулина) познакомились в Москве, где по данным полиции в 1891 году "революционерка" Антонина Дьяконова вышла замуж гражданским браком за студента Гомберга. Им обоим по 23 года. В то время он являлся одним из руководителей Московского революционного студенческого кружка. Из автобиографии Дмитрия Ильича, хранящейся в моем архиве, явствует, что студенческий период его жизни оказался весьма длительным, почти 15 лет. В эти годы в его семье родились все четыре ребенка: Вадим, Николай, Гала и Лидия.


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Elena Dalí {Éluard}'s Timeline

September 7, 1894
Kasan, Russian Empire
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
June 10, 1982
Age 87
s/n Gala Dali, Púbol, Girona, CT, 17120, Spain