Emperor Haile Mekonnen Selassie, I

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Emperor Haile Mekonnen Selassie, I

Birthplace: Ejersa Goro, East Harerge, Oromia, Ethiopia
Death: August 27, 1975 (83)
National Palace, Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Respiratory failure)
Place of Burial: Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Immediate Family:

Son of Ras Makonnen Wolde Mikael and Woizero Yeshimabet Aliye
Husband of Empress Woizero Menen Asfaw
Ex-husband of Wozero Woinetu Amede
Father of HIH Romanework Haile Selassie; Princess Tenagnework Haile Selassie; Crown Prince Amha Selassie Haile Selassie; Princess Zenebework Haile Selassie; Princess Tsehai Haile Selassie and 2 others
Half brother of Dejazmatch Yilma Makonnen

Occupation: Emperor of Ethiopia
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Emperor Haile Mekonnen Selassie, I


Haile Selassie I (Ge'ez: ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ, "Power of the Trinity"[1]) (23 July 1892 – 27 August 1975), born Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He was the heir to a dynasty that traced its origins to the 13th century, and from there by tradition back to King Solomon and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axum, known in the Abrahamic tradition as the Queen of Sheba. Haile Selassie is a defining figure in both Ethiopian and African history.

At the League of Nations in 1936, the emperor condemned the use of chemical weapons by Italy against his people. His internationalist views led to Ethiopia becoming a charter member of the United Nations, and his political thought and experience in promoting multilateralism and collective security have proved seminal and enduring. His suppression of rebellions among the nobles (mekwannint), as well as what some perceived to be Ethiopia's failure to modernize adequately, earned him criticism among some contemporaries and historians.

Haile Selassie is revered as the returned messiah of the Bible, God incarnate, among the Rastafari movement whose followers are estimated at between 200,000 and 800,000. Begun in Jamaica in the 1930s, the Rastafari movement perceives Haile Selassie as a messianic figure who will lead a future golden age of eternal peace, righteousness, and prosperity. Haile Selassie was an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian throughout his life.

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